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Species: Pheidole pallidula   (Nylander, 1849) 

Classification:
Download Data

See Also:

Pheidole pallidula selenia, Pheidole pallidula tristior

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2021)

Extant: 2 valid subspecies

Myrmica pallidula Nylander, 1849 PDF: 42 (w.) ITALY (Sicily). Palearctic. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

[Misspelled as pallidcela by Wheeler, 1937c PDF: 38, caption of fig. 12.].
Mayr, 1855 PDF: 457 (s.q.m.); Vandel, 1931 PDF: 114 (gynandromorph); Athias-Henriot, 1947 PDF: 249 (l.); Hauschteck, 1961 PDF: 221 (k.).
Combination in Oecophthora: Mayr, 1855 PDF: 455.
Combination in Pheidole: Smith, 1858a PDF: 173.
Junior synonym of Pheidole megacephala: Mayr, 1861 PDF: 70 (in key).
Status as species: Mayr, 1855 PDF: 455 (redescription); Nylander, 1856b PDF: 97; Gredler, 1858 PDF: 29; Smith, 1858b PDF: 282; Smith, 1858a PDF: 173; Roger, 1862c PDF: 294; Roger, 1863b PDF: 30; Mayr, 1863a PDF: 441; Emery, 1869b PDF: 19; Dours, 1873 PDF: 169; Forel, 1874 PDF: 81 (in key); André, 1874c: 198 (in key); Mayr, 1877a: 20 (in list); Emery, 1878a PDF: x (in list); Emery, 1878: 58; Emery, 1880 PDF: 398; Emery, 1881b PDF: 534; André, 1881c PDF: 76; André, 1883b: 383 (in key); Costa, 1883: 60; Forel, 1886e PDF: clxviii; Forel, 1889 PDF: 257; Nasonov, 1889: 39; Dalla Torre, 1893 PDF: 94; Medina, 1893 PDF: 105; Forel, 1894d PDF: 27; Forel, 1895e PDF: 227, 233; Forel, 1902a PDF: 154; Ruzsky, 1902d PDF: 26; Ruzsky, 1903b PDF: 310; Forel, 1903b PDF: 458; Forel, 1904c PDF: 373; Forel, 1904d PDF: 5; Ruzsky, 1905b: 643; Forel, 1906c PDF: 189; Forel, 1907d PDF: 21; Emery, 1908e PDF: 24; Forel, 1909c PDF: 104; Karavaiev, 1911a PDF: 61; Santschi, 1910e PDF: 649; Forel, 1911f PDF: 339; Karavaiev, 1912b PDF: 582; Krausse, 1912c PDF: 162; Forel, 1913d PDF: 430; Emery, 1914c PDF: 156; Forel, 1915d: 33 (in key); Emery, 1915i PDF: 226; Emery, 1916a PDF: 149; Karavaiev, 1916a PDF: 503; Wheeler & Mann, 1916 PDF: 170; Stitz, 1917 PDF: 339; Bondroit, 1918 PDF: 166; Donisthorpe, 1918c PDF: 166; Menozzi, 1921 PDF: 26; Emery, 1921c PDF: 86; Menozzi, 1922c PDF: 327; Soudek, 1922b PDF: 36; Kuznetsov-Ugamsky, 1923b PDF: 255; Müller, 1923a PDF: 69; Müller, 1923b PDF: 67; Finzi, 1924a PDF: 13; Emery, 1924b PDF: 12; Emery, 1924c PDF: 164; Lomnicki, 1925b PDF: 2; Donisthorpe, 1926a PDF: 7; Wheeler, 1926a PDF: 3; Santschi, 1926f PDF: 287; Stärcke, 1926a PDF: 86 (in key); Karavaiev, 1927a PDF: 288; Kutter, 1927a PDF: 99; Kuznetsov-Ugamsky, 1929b PDF: 44; Finzi, 1930d PDF: 313; Santschi, 1931a: 5; Santschi, 1932e PDF: 70; Grandi, 1935 PDF: 100; Zimmermann, 1935 PDF: 19; Santschi, 1936c PDF: 200; Finzi, 1936 PDF: 162; Wheeler, 1937c PDF: 38; Finzi, 1940 PDF: 159; Bernard, 1945b PDF: 133; Athias-Henriot, 1947 PDF: 249; Donisthorpe, 1950e PDF: 1061; Consani & Zangheri, 1952 PDF: 40; Ceballos, 1956: 302; Bernard, 1956b PDF: 258; Bernard, 1959a PDF: 346; Baroni Urbani, 1964a PDF: 3; Baroni Urbani, 1964b PDF: 42; Baroni Urbani, 1964c PDF: 152; Cagniant, 1964 PDF: 88; Cagniant, 1966b PDF: 279; Pisarski, 1967a PDF: 385; Bernard, 1967a PDF: 153 (redescription); Baroni Urbani, 1968e PDF: 446; Cagniant, 1968a PDF: 143; Kutter, 1968b PDF: 59; Collingwood & Yarrow, 1969 PDF: 65; Pisarski, 1970a PDF: 307; Cagniant, 1970a PDF: 417; Baroni Urbani, 1971c PDF: 70; Baroni Urbani, 1974a PDF: 232; Baroni Urbani, 1976b PDF: 211; Tarbinsky, 1976 PDF: 68 (redescription); Aktaç, 1977 PDF: 121; Arnol'di & Dlussky, 1978: 537 (in key); Collingwood, 1978 PDF: 77 (in key); Schembri & Collingwood, 1981 PDF: 427; Bolton, 1987 PDF: 291; Agosti & Collingwood, 1987a PDF: 54; Agosti & Collingwood, 1987b PDF: 272 (in key); Kugler, 1988: 257; Dlussky et al., 1990 PDF: 229; Le Moli & Rosi, 1991: 30; Atanassov & Dlussky, 1992: 123; Collingwood, 1993b PDF: 194; Arakelian, 1994 PDF: 41; Bolton, 1995b: 327; Mei, 1995 PDF: 762; Poldi et al., 1995: 3; Espadaler, 1997g PDF: 31; Collingwood & Prince, 1998: 15; Mohamed et al., 2001 PDF: 54; Markó & Csosz, 2002 PDF: 115; Bračko, 2006 PDF: 139; Cagniant, 2006 PDF: 197; Markó et al., 2006 PDF: 70; Petrov, 2006 PDF: 93 (in key); Schultz et al., 2006 PDF: 206; Bračko, 2007 PDF: 18; Radchenko, 2007 PDF: 33; Wetterer et al., 2007 PDF: 19; Gratiashvili & Barjadze, 2008 PDF: 141; Paknia et al., 2008 PDF: 155; Casevitz-Weulersse & Galkowski, 2009 PDF: 492; Lush, 2009 10.1080/09397140.2009.10638357: 116; Vonshak & Ionescu-Hirsch, 2009 PDF: 44; Lapeva-Gjonova et al., 2010 PDF: 16; Karaman, 2011b PDF: 49; Legakis, 2011 PDF: 12; Borowiec & Salata, 2012 PDF: 526; Kiran & Karaman, 2012 PDF: 23; Borowiec, 2014 PDF: 143 (see note in bibliography); Bračko et al., 2014 PDF: 15; Lebas et al., 2016: 332; Radchenko, 2016: 175; Seifert, 2016b PDF: 13; Sharaf et al., 2017 10.1080/00222933.2016.1271157 PDF: 34; Borowiec & Salata, 2018a 10.5281/zenodo.1481802 PDF: 7; Salata & Borowiec, 2018c 10.5281/zenodo.2199191 PDF: 48; Seifert, 2018: 181.
// Distribution

Distribution:

  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Africa: Algeria, Morocco
    Americas: Mexico, United States
    Asia: Iran, Israel, Kyrgyzstan
    Europe: Austria, Bulgaria, Croatia, France, Greece, Italy, Malta, Portugal, Spain, Switzerland
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Nearctic, Neotropical, Palearctic

Distribution Notes:

Submediterranean SLO

Biology:

Mostly open xerothermous habitats, often in urban areas, nests in (stony) ground, in rock/wall crevices

Notes:

(Dutch vernacular name: gewone dikkop)

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Scientific Name Status Publication Pages ModsID GoogleMaps
Pheidole pallidula   Smith, F., 1858, Catalogue of the hymenopterous insects in the collection of the British Museum. Part VI. Formicidae., London: British Museum: 173, (download) 173 8127
Pheidole pusilla   Emery, C., 1915, Les Pheidole du groupe megacephala (Formicidae)., Revue de Zoologie Africaine 4, pp. 223-250: 226-231, (download) 226-231 3875
Pheidole pallidula   Forel, A., 1904, Note sur les fourmis du Musée Zoologique de l'Académie Impériale des Sciences à St. Pétersbourg., Yezhegodnik Zoologicheskogo Muzeya Imperatorskoi Akademii Nauk 8, pp. 368-388: 6, (download) 6 3994
Pheidole pallidula   Emery, C., 1884, Materiali per lo studio della fauna Tunisina raccolti da G. e L. Doria. III. Rassegna delle formiche della Tunisia., Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale Giacomo Doria (Genova) 21, pp. 373-386: 385, (download) 385 3743
Pheidole pallidula   Mohamed, S., Zalat, S. & Fadl, H., 2001, Taxonomy of ant species (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) collected by pitfall traps from Sinai and Delta region, Egypt., Egyptian Journal of Natural History 3, pp. 40-61: 54, (download) 54 21622
Pheidole pallidula   Paknia, O., Radchenko, A. & Alipanah, H., 2008, A preliminary checklist of the ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of Iran., Myrmecologische Nachrichten 11, pp. 151-159: 155, (download) 155 21820
Pheidole pallidula   Emery, C., 1915, Les Pheidole du groupe megacephala (Formicidae)., Revue de Zoologie Africaine 4, pp. 223-250: 226, (download) 226 3875

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 10 times found in Encinar, 10 times found in Ruderal, 8 times found in Pinar, 4 times found in Pinus halepensis+pistacea lentiscus, 3 times found in Urbanización (césped), 3 times found in Plantación palmeras, 5 times found in maquis shrubland, 5 times found in Garden, 4 times found in Desert canyon forest, 3 times found in Urbano, ...

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 35 times Foraging, 26 times under stone, 16 times under rock, 10 times nbp, 7 times Nido bajo piedra, 7 times Nest under stone, 4 times Bajo piedra, 2 times Nido en la arena, 1 times nest under rock, 3 times Forrajeando, 2 times under large stone, ...

Collected most commonly using these methods: 125 times Hand, 36 times search, 9 times Pitfall, 2 times hand collecting, 2 times by hand, 1 times 6L sifted litter, extracted in Winkler sack over 14 hours, 1 times Tuna bait, 1 times Winkler.

Elevations: collected from 1 - 1875 meters, 483 meters average

Collect Date Range: collected between 1883-11-11 and 2020-08-14

Type specimens: Pheidole pallidula obscura: replacement name for Pheidole pallidula var. emeryi Krausse, 1912: casent0913386, casent0913387; quadrinomial: Pheidole pallidula arenarum aurata: casent0913384, casent0913385; syntype of Oecophthora subdentata: antweb1038029, casent0916045; syntype of Pheidole obscura: casent0913388, casent0913389; type of Pheidole pallidula var. cicatricosa: focol1289, focol1290, focol1291, focol1292; unpublished name: Pheidole pallidula gaudens: casent0913390, casent0913391



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