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Species: Pheidole hortonae   Wilson, 2003 

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Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2023)

Pheidole hortonae Wilson, 2003a: 709, figs. (s.w.) VENEZUELA. Neotropic. Primary type information: Primary type material: holotype major worker. Primary type locality: Venezuela: Estado Aragua, Rancho Grande, 1100 m. (W.L. & D.E. Brown). Primary type depository: MCZC. Secondary type information: Secondary type material: 1 paratype minor worker. Secondary type locality: same as for holotype. Secondary type depository: MCZC. Type notes: Details of paratype castes and their numbers are not given. AntCat AntWiki HOL
// Distribution


  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Americas: Venezuela
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Treatment Citation: Wilson, E. O., 2003, Pheidole in the New World. A dominant, hyperdiverse ant genus., Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press

Pheidole hortonaeHNS new species

Types Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard.

Etymology Named in honor of Kathleen M. Horton, expert and indispensable contributor to the preparation of this PheidoleHNS monograph.

diagnosis Similar to antillanaHNS of the lesser Antilles and aviaHNS, bucculentaHNS, guilelmimuelleriHNS, hetschkoiHNS, heyeriHNS, mamoreHNS, praesesHNS, and rhytiferaHNS of South America, differing in the following combination of traits.

Major: antennal lobe prominent above clypeus in side view; pilosity on dorsal surface of body long, erect to suberect, and very dense, with many of those on pronotum curving backward and many of those on mesonotum curving forward; patch of rugoreticulum present laterad to antennal fossa; rear half of head capsule smooth and shiny; pronotal dorsum mostly rugoreticulate, and dorsum of mesonotum smooth and shiny.

Minor: posterior half of the head and all of the mesosomal dorsum rugoreticulate; pilosity long, erect to suberect, and very dense, with hairs on the pronotal dorsum curving backward and those on the mesonotum curving forward. measurements (mm) Holotype major: HW 1.60, HL 1.66, SL 0.70, EL 0.18, PW 0.84. Paratype minor: HW 0.70, HL 0.74, SL 0.70, EL 0.12, PW 0.48.

color Major: body and mandibles medium reddish brown, other appendages brownish yellow. Minor: body medium brown, appendages light brown except for tarsi, which are yellow.

range Known only from the type locality.

Biology In rainforest.

figure Upper: holotype, major. Lower: paratype, minor. VENEZUELA: Estado Aragua, Rancho Grande, 1100 m (William L. and Doris E. Brown). Scale bars = 1 mm.

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 5 times found in montane wet forest.

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 1 times nest in wood on ground, 1 times nocturnal forager, 2 times at bait, 1 times ex sifted leaf litter.

Collected most commonly using these methods: 2 times search, 2 times bait, 1 times Winkler.

Elevations: collected from 1100 - 1200 meters, 1167 meters average

Collect Date Range: collected between 1971-06-23 00:00:00.0 and 2008-08-13 00:00:00.0

Type specimens: paratype Pheidole hortonae: jtlc000016406

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