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Species: Pheidole cameroni   Mayr, 1887 

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Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2023)

Pheidole cameroni Mayr, 1887 PDF: 595, 605 (diagnosis in key) (s.w.q.) ECUADOR. Neotropic. Primary type information: Primary type material: lectotype major worker (by designation of Wilson, 2003a: 176). Primary type locality: Ecuador: (no further data), 9000 ft (P. Cameron). Primary type depository: NHMW. Secondary type information: Secondary type material: 1 paralectotype minor worker. Secondary type locality: same as for lectotype. Secondary type depository: NHMW. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Lectotype designation: Wilson, 2003a: 176.
Status as species: Dalla Torre, 1893 PDF: 89; Santschi, 1913h PDF: 36; Emery, 1922c PDF: 104; Kempf, 1972b PDF: 188; Bolton, 1995b: 318; Wilson, 2003a: 176 (redescription).
// Distribution


  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Americas: Ecuador
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):


J. Longino, 19 Mar 2014: The types of this species are a bit of a muddle. Mayr described P. cameroni in 1887, based on Ecuadorian material he received from Peter Cameron. Cameron later (1891) described the same collections as P. monticola, based on material collected by Edward Whymper, from the following localities: Cayembe village [Cayambe] (9320 feet); Penipe to Riobamba (9000 feet); and Panecillo, Quito (10,000 feet). He realized his mistake and synonymized monticola under cameroni the next year. Wilson (2003) examined material in the Mayr collection, establishing as lectotype of cameroni a major worker from Ecuador, "De Penipe a Riobamba" (one of the Whymper sites). AntWeb has an image of a BMNH major worker of P. monticola. The specimen has a holotype label, but the original description is of a syntype series from multiple collections, and no lectotype has been designated. Also, this imaged major worker does not have locality data, so it is unclear which of the three syntype collection series it came from. Another imaged BMNH specimen is a minor worker from the Cayembe series. At this date AntWeb does not have images of the lectotype of P. cameroni, but it is figured in Wilson (2003:176). The imaged major worker of P. monticola could be from the same collection series as the lectotype, or from one of two other somewhat distant localities.

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Scientific Name Status Publication Pages ModsID GoogleMaps
Pheidole cameroni   Wilson, E. O., 2003, Pheidole in the New World. A dominant, hyperdiverse ant genus., Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press: 176, (download) 176 20017
Pheidole cameroni   Santschi, F., 1911, Formicides de diverses provenances., Annales de la Societe Entomologique de Belgique 55, pp. 278-287: 278, (download) 278 3712

Specimen Habitat Summary

Elevations: collected at 2841 m

Collect Date Range: collected on 1883-12-12 00:00:00.0

Type specimens: Holotype of Pheidole monticola: casent0901571; syntype of Pheidole cameroni: casent0916054

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