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Species: Pheidole bicarinata   Mayr, 1870 

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Current Valid Name:

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2023)

Pheidole bicarinata Mayr, 1870b PDF: 989 (s.) U.S.A. (Illinois). Nearctic. Primary type information: Primary type material: syntype major workers (number not stated). Primary type locality: U.S.A.: Illinois (no collector’s name). Primary type depository: NHRS (perhaps also NHMW). Type notes: Original description implies that more than one major worker is represented, and that type material is in NHRS. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Senior synonym of Pheidole vinelandica buccalis: Cole, 1956c PDF: 114 (in text); Smith, 1967a PDF: 353; Wilson, 2003a: 561.
Senior synonym of Pheidole longula: Wilson, 2003a: 561.
Senior synonym of Pheidole vinelandica: Wilson, 2003a: 561.
Material of the unavailable names Pheidole vinelandica longula castanea, Pheidole vinelandica longula huachucana referred here by Wilson, 2003a: 561.
// Distribution


  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Americas: United States
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):

Distribution Notes:



Sand prairie, sandy old field, or other sandy or other highly-drained, acid soil habitats (loess hills), sandy floodplain


Wilson (2003:561) states that the types are in NHMV but the original description says "im Stockholmer Museum".

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Scientific Name Status Publication Pages ModsID GoogleMaps
Pheidole bicarinata   Ward, P. S., 2005, A synoptic review of the ants of California (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 936, pp. 1-68: -1, (download) -1 21008
Pheidole bicarinata   Wilson, E. O., 2003, Pheidole in the New World. A dominant, hyperdiverse ant genus., Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press: 561-562, (download) 561-562 20017

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 0 times found in cultivated cotton, 0 times found in peripheral to cultivated cotton, 79 times found in nest on roadside, 10 times found in foredunes, 19 times found in Black Belt Prairie, 0 times found in open sand/red clay, 17 times found in nest on trail in cut over area in mixed forest, 15 times found in sandy floodplain hardwod forest, 0 times found in upland hardwood forest, 0 times found in mixed pine/hardwood forest, ...

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 17 times under stone, 8 times under rock, 6 times nest under stone, 5 times nest in soil, 4 times log stage 2, 2 times in soil, 0 times carrion, 4 times ground foragers, 2 times nocturnal foragers, 1 times log stage 5, 1 times log stage 4, ...

Collected most commonly using these methods: 0 times pitfall trap, 33 times search, 8 times general collecting, 10 times bait, 8 times direct collection, 3 times hand collecting, 0 times Lindgren funnel trap baited with Typosan, 5 times box trap, 0 times hand collected, 1 times Berlese funnel, 0 times D-vac sample, ...

Elevations: collected from 80 - 2377 meters, 1411 meters average

Collect Date Range: collected between 1891-07-01 00:00:00.0 and 2022-04-27 00:00:00.0

Type specimens: Not Provided: casent0283269, casent0283402, casent0339745; syntype of Pheidole bicarinata: casent0916050; syntype of Pheidole bicarinata vinelandica: casent0908244, casent0908245; syntype of Pheidole vinelandica laeviuscula: casent0904438, casent0904439; syntype of Pheidole vinelandica longula: casent0904436, casent0904437; syntype of Pheidole vinelandica nebrascensis: casent0908246, casent0908247; worker: mem223056, mem223057, mem223058, mem223076, mem223077, mem223078, mem223079, mem223080, mem223081, mem223082, mem223086, mem223087, mem223088, mem223089, mem223090, mem223091, mem223092, mem223124, mem223125, mem223126, mem223127, mem223150, mem223151, mem223152, mem223153, mem223181, mem223199, mem223200, mem223201, mem223202, mem223478, mem223479, mem223480, mem223481, mem223482

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