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Species: Pheidole alpinensis   Forel, 1912 

Classification:
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Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2023)

Pheidole emeryi var. alpinensis Forel, 1912g PDF: 231 (s.w.q.) BRAZIL (Rio de Janeiro). Neotropic. Primary type information: Primary type material: lectotype major worker (by designation of Wilson, 2003a: 650). Primary type locality: lectotype Brazil: Rio de Janeiro, Teresópolis, Colonia Alpina (Goeldi) (by restriction of Kempf, 1972b PDF: 203). Primary type depository: MHNG. Secondary type information: Secondary type material: 1 paralectotype minor worker. Secondary type locality: same as for lectotype. Secondary type depository: MHNG. Type notes: 1) Original description also includes a syntype queen. 2) Other original syntype locality: Brazil: São Paulo, Alto da Serra (Lüderwaldt). AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Lectotype designation: Wilson, 2003a: 650.
Subspecies of Pheidole tristis: Kempf, 1972b PDF: 203; Bolton, 1995b: 316.
Status as species: Wilson, 2003a: 650 (redescription).
// Distribution

Distribution:

  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Americas: Brazil
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Neotropical

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Treatment Citation: Wilson, E. O., 2003, Pheidole in the New World. A dominant, hyperdiverse ant genus., Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press

Pheidole alpinensisHNS Forel, new status

Pheidole emeryi var. alpinensisHNS Forel 1912g: 231.

Types Mus. Hist. Nat. Geneve.

Etymology Named after the type locality.

Diagnosis A large, reddish brown (major) or reddish yellow (minor) member of the tristisHNS group with very prominent subangulate humeri, large subangulate postpetiolar node, small subpetiolar process, and weakly shagreened first gastral tergite, in both major and minor.

Close to tristisHNS, and less similar to alpinensisHNS, exarataHNS, excubitorHNS, germainiHNS, grantaeHNS, obrimaHNS, rogeriHNS, stultaHNS, and zosterHNS, differing in many details of body form, sculpturing, and pilosity, as illustrated, as well as in color.

Measurements (mm) Lectotype major: HW 1.74, HL 2.00, SL 0.84, EL 0.20, PW 0.86.

Paralectotype minor: HW 0.76, HL 0.84, SL 0.80, EL 0.14, PW 0.48.

color Major: concolorous reddish brown.

Minor: concolorous reddish yellow.

Range Known only from the type locality.

Biology Unknown.

figure Upper: lectotype, major. Lower: paralectotype minor. BRAZIL: Colonia Alpina, Teresiopolis, Rio de Janeiro. Scale bars = 1 mm.

Specimen Habitat Summary

Type specimens: Lectotype of Pheidole alpinensis: casent0908093; paralectotype of Pheidole alpinensis: casent0908094



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