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Species: Pheidole deceptrix   Forel, 1899 

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Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2022)

Pheidole deceptrix Forel, 1899e PDF: 66, pl. 3, fig. 20 (s.) GUATEMALA. Neotropic. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Senior synonym of Pheidole chiapasana: Longino, 2009 PDF: 25.
Senior synonym of Pheidole variceps: Longino, 2009 PDF: 25.
See also: Wilson, 2003a: 679
// Distribution


  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Americas: Belize, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):

Distribution Notes:

Mexico (Chiapas), Guatemala, Belize, Honduras.


This species is a montane specialist, ocurring in cloud forest habitats from 1300-2750m elevation. Nests are in the soil and under stones. Foragers, including major workers, come to baits on the forest floor, and workers are collected in Berlese and Winkler samples. Alate queens were collected 11 July 2007, at Cerro Huitepec in Chiapas. Males remain unknown.


The type major worker of P. deceptrix has the median and rear portion of the face with shallow foveolate sculpture overlain with sparse rugulae, and the postpetiole in dorsal view is trapezoidal. The associated minor worker has the face and mesosoma uniformly and densely foveolate. The type major worker of P. variceps has similar sculpture on the face but it fades posteriorly, leaving the vertex lobes smooth and shiny. The postpetiole in dorsal view is more transverse, with more acutely angulate sides. The minor worker has the face and mesosoma with a mix of smooth shiny areas and patches of faint foveolate sculpture. However, multiple collections from additional localities show continuous variation between these two forms. The variation is geographically structured, such that multiple collections from the same site show little variation compared to differences among sites. Longino interprets this as one polytypic species with slightly different forms in different mountain ranges.

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Scientific Name Status Publication Pages ModsID GoogleMaps
Pheidole deceptrix   Wilson, E. O., 2003, Pheidole in the New World. A dominant, hyperdiverse ant genus., Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press: 679, (download) 679 20017
Pheidole deceptrix   Longino, J. T., 2009, Additions to the taxonomy of New World Pheidole (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 2181, pp. 1-90: 25-26, (download) 25-26 22820

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 221 times found in cloud forest, 53 times found in mesophyll forest, 35 times found in 2ndary liquidambar forest, 24 times found in lowland rainforest, 16 times found in 2nd growth forest, 11 times found in mesophil forest, 13 times found in cloud forest at night, 6 times found in edge of cloud forest, 6 times found in pasture near cloud forest, 7 times found in ridgetop cloud forest, ...

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 223 times ex sifted leaf litter, 202 times at bait, 12 times forest litter, 7 times beating vegetation, 1 times under epiphytes, 2 times under rock, 2 times nest under rock, 1 times leaf litter forest floor, 2 times under stone, 1 times rotten treebase litter, 1 times nest in soil of cave mouth, ...

Collected most commonly using these methods: 200 times Baiting, 167 times MiniWinkler, 23 times search, 14 times Berlese, 17 times MaxiWinkler, 15 times Winkler, 13 times Night MiniWinkler, 6 times Berlese/Winkler, 4 times bait, 7 times Beating, 4 times Maxi Winkler, ...

Elevations: collected from 380 - 3180 meters, 1518 meters average

Collect Date Range: collected between 1973-08-26 00:00:00.0 and 2017-04-08 00:00:00.0

Type specimens: Holotype of Pheidole deceptrix: casent0901595; Lectotype major Pheidole deceptrix: jtlc000015315; paratype Pheidole chiapasana: jtlc000016345; paratype Pheidole variceps: jtlc000016568; syntype minor Pheidole deceptrix: jtlc000015320

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