Current View: Bolton World Catalog
Change View
Cite this page

Citing AntWeb


To cite this page, please use the following:

· For print:      Citation: AntWeb. Version 8.77.3. California Academy of Science, online at Accessed .

· For web:

Species: Pheidole centeotl   Wheeler, 1914 

Download Data

Current Valid Name:

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2022)

Pheidole (Allopheidole) centeotl Wheeler, 1914c PDF: 46 (s.w.q.) MEXICO (Hidalgo). Neotropic. Primary type information: Primary type material: lectotype major worker (by designation of Wilson, 2003a: 568). Primary type locality: lectotype Mexico: Hidalgo, Guerrero Mill, 1913 (W.M. Mann). Primary type depository: MCZC. Secondary type information: Secondary type material: 1 paralectotype supermajor worker, 1 paralectotype minor worker. Secondary type locality: same as for lectotype. Secondary type depository: MCZC. Type notes: Original description cites majors, minors and queens: “many specimens”. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Lectotype designation: Wilson, 2003a: 568.
Status as species: Emery, 1922c PDF: 105; Kempf, 1972b PDF: 188; Bolton, 1995b: 319; Wilson, 2003a: 568 (redescription); Longino, 2019 PDF: 107.
// Distribution


  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Americas: Mexico
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Nearctic, Neotropical

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Treatment Citation: Wilson, E. O., 2003, Pheidole in the New World. A dominant, hyperdiverse ant genus., Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press

Pheidole centeotl WheelerHNS

Pheidole centeotl WheelerHNS 1914c: 46.

Types Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard.

Etymology Unknown.

diagnosis A member of the piliferaHNS group with 3 worker castes (major, supermajor, minor) similar to macclendoniHNS of Arizona and Texas, differing as follows.

Major: propodeal spines much shorter; humerus in dorsal-oblique view less prominent; postpetiolar node seen from above subangulate and diamond-shaped; light reddish brown, not yellow.

Supermajor: occipital cleft deeper, its sides rising more steeply to the occipital lobes on either side.

Minor: propodeal spine well-developed; carinulae present on frontal lobes, and those mesad to the eye extend posteriorly beyond the eye by as much as an Eye Length.

Measurements (mm) Lectotype major: HW 1.10, HL 1.20, SL 0.62, EL 0.14, PW 0.56.

Paralectotype supermajor: HW 1.84, HL 2.06, SL 0.80, EL 0.22, PW 0.80.

Paralectotype minor: HW 0.60, HL 0.66, SL 0.56, EL 0.12, PW 0.38.

Color Major: body light to medium reddish brown, appendages light reddish brown.

Supermajor: light to medium reddish brown.

Minor: concolorous light reddish brown.

Range I have seen series of centeotlHNS from the following central and southeastern states of Mexico: Hidalgo, Michoacan, Morelos, Puebla, and Veracruz, all collected at elevations of 2200-2400 m.

Biology Mann (in Wheeler 1914c) found numerous colonies of this species nesting under stones on a hillside in oak-pine woodland near Molino Guerrero (an ore mill), on the eastern slope of the mountain range east of Pachuca. A colony collected by Robert J. Hamton near Jalapa, Veracruz, was nesting beneath a stone in pine forest at 2350 m. Winged reproductives were in a nest at 2200 m near Cuemavaca on 26 May 1986 (W. P. MacKay).

figure Upper: lectotype, major (body and full head), next to paralectotype, supermajor (partial head only). Lower: paralectotype, minor. MEXICO: Molino Guerrero (Guerrero Mill), Hidalgo, 2600-2900 m (William M. Mann). Scale bars = 1 mm.

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 1 times found in gas station, 1 times found in Matorral y cactáceas columnares, 1 times found in synanthropic.

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 1 times in planter, 1 times foragers on tree trunk, 1 times En la trampa.

Collected most commonly using these methods: 2 times search, 1 times Pitfall.

Elevations: collected from 560 - 2256 meters, 1172 meters average

Collect Date Range: collected between 1952-01-15 00:00:00.0 and 2008-08-01 00:00:00.0

Type specimens:

See something amiss? Send us an email.