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Species: Odontomachus hastatus   (Fabricius, 1804) 

Classification:
Download Data

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2021)

Myrmecia hastata Fabricius, 1804 PDF: 426 (w.) CENTRAL AMERICA. Neotropic. Primary type information: Type-material: holotype(?) worker. Type-locality: none given, “Habitat in America meridionali Dom. Smidt. Mus. Dom. Lund”. Type-depository: ZMUC. Type notes: No indication of number of specimens is given. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Combination in Odontomachus: Illiger, 1807 PDF: 194
Status as species: Mayr, 1862 PDF: 711; Roger, 1861a PDF: 31; Roger, 1863b PDF: 22; Mayr, 1863a PDF: 437; Emery, 1878a PDF: ix (in list); Emery, 1890c PDF: 44; Emery, 1892f PDF: 559 (in key); Dalla Torre, 1893 PDF: 51; Emery, 1894l PDF: 50; Forel, 1895b PDF: 118; Forel, 1899b PDF: 19; Forel, 1907h PDF: 1; Forel, 1908c PDF: 36; Emery, 1911e PDF: 113; Stitz, 1913 PDF: 207; Wheeler, 1916c PDF: 3; Luederwaldt, 1918 PDF: 36; Borgmeier, 1923: 80; Wheeler, 1925a: 10; Wheeler, 1942 PDF: 156; Kempf, 1960e: 391; Kempf, 1962b PDF: 17 (in key); Kempf, 1970b PDF: 328; Kempf, 1972b PDF: 171; Kempf & Lenko, 1976 PDF: 60; Brown, 1976c PDF: 104; Bolton, 1995b: 295; Rodriguez, 2008 PDF: 164; Branstetter & Sáenz, 2012 PDF: 262; Bezděčková et al., 2015 PDF: 124; Feitosa, 2015c: 99; Fernández & Guerrero, 2019 PDF: 539.
// Distribution

Distribution:

  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Americas: Belize, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guatemala, Guyana, Nicaragua, Panama, Peru, Suriname
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Neotropical

Distribution Notes:

Tropical Central and South America (Brown 1976). Costa Rica: throughout in wet forest to 900m.

Biology:

Natural History:

This is a large, aggressive species that nests in large epiphyte clumps or dead branches, from the low arboreal zone to the subcanopy. It usually occurs in the shaded conditions of mature wet forest.

References:

Brown, W. L., Jr. 1976. Contributions toward a reclassification of the Formicidae. Part VI. Ponerinae, tribe Ponerini, subtribe Odontomachiti. Section A. Introduction, subtribal characters. Genus Odontomachus. Studia Entomol. 19:67-171.

Fabricius, J. C. 1804. Systema Piezatorum. Brunsvigae: C. Reichard. xiv + 15-439 + 30pp. Ants - p. 395-428.

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Scientific Name Status Publication Pages ModsID GoogleMaps
Odontomachus hastatus   Forel, A., 1908, Fourmis de Costa-Rica, récoltées par M. Paul Biolley., Bulletin de la Societe Vaudoise des Sciences Naturelles 44, pp. 35-72: 36, (download) 36 4014
Odontomachus hastatus   Mayr, G., 1862, Myrmecologische Studien., Verhandlungen der Zoologisch-Botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien 12, pp. 649-776: 711, (download) 711 4445

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 48 times found in montane wet forest, 16 times found in rainforest, 7 times found in wet forest, 5 times found in mature wet forest, 6 times found in premontane rainforest, 3 times found in Primary wet forest, 3 times found in cloud forest, 1 times found in edge of river; premontane rainforest, 2 times found in forest, 1 times found in Primary forest and second growth habitats, ...

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 8 times Malaise trap, 7 times Sobre Vegetacion, 5 times beating veg., 4 times pan trap, 2 times strays, 1 times foragers on log, 3 times nocturnal strays, 1 times nest in rotten wood, 2 times bajo de M/13, 2 times bajo de M/05, 2 times at night; stray ants, ...

Collected most commonly using these methods: 34 times Malaise, 25 times Search, 17 times flight intercept trap, 11 times Fogging, 7 times Sweeping, 6 times beating, 6 times Blacklight, 5 times Foggin, 4 times Pan Trap, 2 times at light, 1 times litter sample, ...

Elevations: collected from 2 - 1350 meters, 365 meters average

Collect Date Range: collected between 1927-07-19 and 2020-02-15

Type specimens: syntype of Odontomachus maxillaris: casent0900583; type of Myrmecia hastata: focol1059



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