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Species: Odontomachus chelifer   (Latreille, 1802) 

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Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2023)

Formica chelifera Latreille, 1802a PDF: 188, pl. 8, fig. 51 (w.) SOUTH AMERICA (no locality given). Neotropic. Primary type information: Type-material: syntype workers (number not stated). Type-locality: unknown. Latreille states, “J’ignore sa patrie......Je ne connois point son lieu natal”. Type-depository: MNHN. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

[Misspelled as cheliferus by Smith, 1858a PDF: 77.]
Combination in Odontomachus: Latreille, 1809 PDF: 128
Status as species: Leach, 1815: 147; Lepeletier de Saint-Fargeau, 1835 PDF: 186; Le Guillou, 1842 PDF: 318; Smith, 1858a PDF: 77; Roger, 1861a PDF: 27; Roger, 1863b PDF: 22; Mayr, 1863a PDF: 436; Mayr, 1865 PDF: 63 (footnote); Forel, 1886a PDF: 217; Emery, 1888c PDF: 353; Emery, 1890b PDF: 65; Emery, 1890c PDF: 44; Emery, 1892f PDF: 560 (in key); Dalla Torre, 1893 PDF: 49; von Jhering, 1894 PDF: 381; Emery, 1894l PDF: 50; Forel, 1895b PDF: 118; Emery, 1896h PDF: 625; Forel, 1899b PDF: 19; Emery, 1904b PDF: 595; Forel, 1905e PDF: 156; Emery, 1906c PDF: 118; Forel, 1908a PDF: 64; Forel, 1909a PDF: 252; Emery, 1911e PDF: 114; Forel, 1912d PDF: 28; Forel, 1914e PDF: 9; Bruch, 1914 PDF: 213; Wheeler, 1916c PDF: 3; Gallardo, 1918c PDF: 96; Luederwaldt, 1918 PDF: 36; Mann, 1922 PDF: 18; Borgmeier, 1923: 77; Wheeler, 1925a PDF: 10; Eidmann, 1936a PDF: 37; Kempf, 1962b PDF: 17 (in key); Kempf, 1972b PDF: 170; Kempf & Lenko, 1976 PDF: 59; Brown, 1976c PDF: 103; Brandão, 1991 PDF: 364; Bolton, 1995b: 295; Wild, 2007b PDF: 39; Rodriguez, 2008 PDF: 161; Branstetter & Sáenz, 2012 PDF: 262; Bezděčková et al., 2015 PDF: 124; Feitosa, 2015c PDF: 99; Fernández & Guerrero, 2019 PDF: 538.
// Distribution


  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Americas: Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guatemala, Guyana, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, Venezuela
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):

Distribution Notes:

Southern Mexico to Northern Argentina (Brown 1976). Costa Rica: wet to moist forest of both slopes to mid-elevations; more abundant at mid-elevations than in the lowlands.


Natural History:

This strikingly large species I have only seen as foragers in wet forest, on the forest floor, and often nocturnal. I have never seen a nest.


Brown, W. L., Jr. 1976. Contributions toward a reclassification of the Formicidae. Part VI. Ponerinae, tribe Ponerini, subtribe Odontomachiti. Section A. Introduction, subtribal characters. Genus Odontomachus. Studia Entomol. 19:67-171.

Latreille, P. A. 1802. Histoire Naturelle de Fourmis, et recueil de memoires et d'observations sur les abeilles, les araignees, les faucheurs, et autres insectes. 445 pp. Paris.

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Scientific Name Status Publication Pages ModsID GoogleMaps
Odontomachus chelifer   Wild, A. L., 2007, A catalogue of the ants of Paraguay (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 1622, pp. 1-55: 39, (download) 39 21367
Odontomachus chelifer   Forel, A., 1905, Miscellanea myrmicologiques, II (1905)., Annales de la Societe Entomologique de Belgique 49, pp. 155-185: 156, (download) 156 4001

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 23 times found in wet forest, 20 times found in rainforest, 17 times found in montane wet forest, 10 times found in Semideciduous seasonal forest, 10 times found in Forest, 8 times found in tropical rainforest, 7 times found in lowland rainforest, 3 times found in mature moist forest, 4 times found in tropical wet forest, 3 times found in Primary wet forest, ...

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 16 times pan trap, 10 times Malaise trap, 11 times ex sifted leaf litter, 10 times at bait, 4 times nocturnal strays, 5 times ground foragers, 3 times flight intercept trap, 4 times strays, 1 times nocturnal ground foragers, 2 times nocturnal foragers, 1 times nocturnal forager, ...

Collected most commonly using these methods: 18 times Malaise, 15 times Search, 18 times Pan Trap, 11 times epigaeic pitfall, 9 times Baiting, 6 times flight intercept trap, 6 times MaxiWinkler, 4 times blacklight, 4 times winkler, 2 times miniWinkler, 2 times direct collection, ...

Elevations: collected from 30 - 1500 meters, 498 meters average

Collect Date Range: collected between 1961-06-21 00:00:00.0 and 2020-01-20 00:00:00.0

Type specimens: syntype of Odontomachus chelifer emacerata: casent0915242; syntype of Odontomachus haematodus theresiae: casent0907426; syntype of Odontomachus chelifer leptocephalus: casent0904002

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