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Species: Neivamyrmex sumichrasti   (Norton, 1868) 

Classification:
Download Data

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2021)

Eciton sumichrasti Norton, 1868a PDF: 62, pl. 2, fig. 7 (w.) MEXICO (Veracruz). Neotropic. Primary type information: Type-material: syntype workers (number not stated). Type-localities: Mexico: Córdoba (Sumichrast), and Orizaba (Sumichrast). Type-depository: ANSP. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Mann, 1926 PDF: 99 (q.)
Combination in Eciton (Acamatus): Emery, 1894d PDF: 182 (in text).
Combination in Neivamyrmex: Borgmeier, 1955 PDF: 491.
Status as species: Norton, 1868b PDF: 45; Norton, 1868c PDF: 6; Mayr, 1886b PDF: 120 (in key); Mayr, 1886d PDF: 440; Cresson, 1887 PDF: 259; Dalla Torre, 1893 PDF: 6; Emery, 1894d PDF: 183 (in key); Emery, 1895d PDF: 259; Forel, 1899b PDF: 27; Forel, 1901d PDF: 124; Wheeler, 1908h PDF: 410; Emery, 1910b PDF: 25; Wheeler, 1910a PDF: 562; Wheeler, 1914c PDF: 41; Mann, 1926 PDF: 99; Wheeler, 1934g PDF: 159 (redescription); Borgmeier, 1955 PDF: 491 (redescription); Kempf, 1972b PDF: 160; Watkins, 1976 PDF: 15 (in key); Watkins, 1982 PDF: 212 (in key); Bolton, 1995b: 291; Branstetter & Sáenz, 2012 PDF: 254.
// Distribution

Distribution:

  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Americas: Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Neotropical

Distribution Notes:

Southern Mexico (type locality) to Costa Rica. Costa Rica: Cordillera de Talamanca to Cordillera de Tilar‡n at mid-elevation.

Biology:

Natural History:

This species is a montane specialist, occurring in cloud forest habitats. It is common in the Monteverde area, from 1300m on the Pacific side, across the divide, and down to 900m on the Atlantic side. I also have records from Fila Cruces near San Vito, and the 1500m site (Finca Murillo) on the Barva transect. Raiding columns are normally seen during the day, and it may be a primarily diurnal forager.

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 24 times found in cloud forest, 7 times found in montane wet forest, 2 times found in lowland tropical rain forest, 3 times found in mature wet forest, 3 times found in wet forest, 2 times found in 2∫ cloud forest, 5 times found in ridgetop cloud forest, 1 times found in coffee finca, 4 times found in tropical moist forest, 3 times found in lowland wet forest, ...

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 23 times ex sifted leaf litter, 8 times column on ground, 11 times at bait, 4 times column on trail, 1 times foraging trail, 1 times Neivamyrmex raid, 1 times diurnal column, 1 times column on road, 1 times column on dead tree, 2 times column, 2 times white pan trap, ...

Collected most commonly using these methods: 25 times search, 6 times hand collecting, 11 times Baiting, 12 times MiniWinkler, 9 times MaxiWinkler, 2 times white pan trap, 1 times sweep, 1 times Winkler, 1 times beating, 1 times Berlese/Winkler, 1 times Malaise, ...

Elevations: collected from 130 - 2164 meters, 1186 meters average

Collect Date Range: collected between 1941-08-03 and 2018-03-18

Type specimens:



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