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Species: Monomorium floricola   (Jerdon, 1851) 

Classification:
Download Data

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2021)

Atta floricola Jerdon, 1851 PDF: 107 (w.) INDIA (Kerala). Indomalaya. Primary type information: Type-material: syntype workers (number not stated). Type-locality: India: Tellicherry (= Thalaserry) (T.C. Jerdon). Type-depository: no type-material known to exist.. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

[Duplicated in Jerdon, 1854a PDF: 49.]
Forel, 1893j PDF: 388 (q.m.); Wheeler, 1905c PDF: 88 (q.m.); Donisthorpe, 1914a PDF: 136 (gynandromorph); Crawley, 1920d PDF: 217 (gynandromorph); Wheeler & Wheeler, 1955c PDF: 121 (l.)
Combination in Monomorium: Mayr, 1879 PDF: 671
Status as species: Smith, 1858a PDF: 163; Mayr, 1863a PDF: 396; Mayr, 1879 PDF: 671; Forel, 1893j PDF: 388; Dalla Torre, 1893 PDF: 66; Emery, 1894d PDF: 151; Emery, 1895d PDF: 275; Forel, 1895a PDF: 49; Forel, 1895b PDF: 125; Forel, 1897b PDF: 300; Forel, 1899a PDF: 119; Forel, 1899b PDF: 79; Emery, 1900: 680; Forel, 1900h PDF: 284; Forel, 1901c: 12; Forel, 1901m PDF: 81; Dahl, 1901 PDF: 19; Forel, 1903a PDF: 687; Rothney, 1903: 97; Bingham, 1903 PDF: 211; Wheeler, 1905c PDF: 87, 123; Wheeler, 1906h PDF: 310; Forel, 1907d PDF: 19; Wheeler, 1907b PDF: 272; Wheeler, 1908a PDF: 127; Emery, 1908j PDF: 682; Forel, 1908a PDF: 65; Forel, 1909i PDF: 225; Yano, 1910a PDF: 419; Wheeler, 1910a PDF: 562; Wheeler, 1911a PDF: 22; Wheeler, 1911b PDF: 169; Emery, 1911f PDF: 531; Wheeler, 1912a PDF: 45; Forel, 1912h PDF: 3; Forel, 1913g PDF: 191; Forel, 1913l PDF: 53; Wheeler, 1913b PDF: 485; Wheeler & Mann, 1914 PDF: 19; Santschi, 1914d PDF: 354; Emery, 1914f PDF: 410; Viehmeyer, 1914c PDF: 528; Forel, 1915a PDF: 27; Forel, 1915b PDF: 71; Viehmeyer, 1916a PDF: 132; Crawley, 1916b PDF: 369; Wheeler, 1916f PDF: 324; Santschi, 1919a PDF: 326; Wheeler, 1919f PDF: 84; Mann, 1920b PDF: 406; Crawley, 1920d PDF: 217; Mann, 1921 PDF: 443; Emery, 1922c PDF: 172; Wheeler, 1922: 863, 1026; Wheeler, 1922e PDF: 8; Wheeler, 1923d PDF: 4; Wheeler, 1924b PDF: 108; Crawley, 1924a PDF: 399; Stärcke, 1926a PDF: 86 (in key); Borgmeier, 1927c PDF: 98; Menozzi, 1927c PDF: 268; Wheeler, 1927h PDF: 87; Cheesman & Crawley, 1928 PDF: 518; Santschi, 1928a PDF: 46; Santschi, 1928c PDF: 68; Santschi, 1928h PDF: 125; Wheeler, 1929h PDF: 60; Menozzi, 1930h PDF: 327; Menozzi & Russo, 1930 PDF: 156; Smith, 1930a PDF: 3; Stärcke, 1930 PDF: 374; Wheeler, 1930b PDF: 99; Wheeler, 1932a PDF: 9; Wheeler, 1932g PDF: 16; Wheeler, 1933f PDF: 143; Wheeler, 1934i: 12; Donisthorpe, 1935 PDF: 633; Menozzi, 1935b PDF: 196; Wheeler, 1935g: 23; Wheeler, 1936g PDF: 9; Smith, 1937 PDF: 833; Teranishi, 1940: 32, 61; Wheeler, 1942 PDF: 198; Menozzi, 1942a PDF: 169; Eidmann, 1944 PDF: 449, 469; Donisthorpe, 1946i PDF: 31; Donisthorpe, 1948d PDF: 596; Weber, 1948b PDF: 82; Kusnezov, 1949a PDF: 425; Donisthorpe, 1950a PDF: 339; Creighton, 1950a PDF: 219; Smith, 1951c PDF: 810; Azuma, 1951 PDF: 87; Chapman & Capco, 1951 PDF: 164; Azuma, 1953 PDF: 2; Smith, 1958c PDF: 128; Wilson, 1964b PDF: 7; Ettershank, 1966 PDF: 89; Linsley & Usinger, 1966 PDF: 174; Smith, 1967a PDF: 356; Wilson & Taylor, 1967b PDF: 64; Taylor, 1967b PDF: 1094; Kempf, 1970a PDF: 23; Kempf, 1972b PDF: 144; Alayo, 1974 PDF: 14 (in key); Taylor, 1976a: 86; Smith, 1979: 1382; Onoyama, 1980a PDF: 198; Bolton, 1987 PDF: 390 (redescription); Taylor, 1987a PDF: 40; Deyrup et al., 1989 PDF: 96; Brandão, 1991 PDF: 357; Ogata, 1991b PDF: 107; Morisita et al., 1992: 39; Perrault, 1993 PDF: 333; Dlussky, 1994a: 54; Douwes, 1995: 89; Bolton, 1995b: 262; Wu & Wang, 1995a: 89; Tang et al., 1995: 69; Dorow, 1996a PDF: 78; Tiwari, 1999 PDF: 54; Deyrup et al., 2000: 297; Mathew & Tiwari, 2000 PDF: 303; Zhou, 2001a PDF: 116; Wetterer, 2002 PDF: 129; Blard et al., 2003 PDF: 130; Deyrup, 2003 PDF: 45; Imai et al., 2003 PDF: 134; Lin & Wu, 2003: 66; Wetterer & Vargo, 2003 PDF: 417; Ghosh et al., 2005 PDF: 27; Jaitrong & Nabhitabhata, 2005 PDF: 28; MacGown & Forster, 2005 PDF: 69; Heterick, 2006 PDF: 122 (redescription); Wetterer, 2006 PDF: 415; Fernández, 2007b: 134; Clouse, 2007b PDF: 247; Wild, 2007b PDF: 33; Framenau & Thomas, 2008 PDF: 68; Terayama, 2009 PDF: 153; Boer, 2010: 62; Mohanraj et al., 2010 PDF: 6; Solis et al., 2010 PDF: 15; Wetterer, 2010b PDF: 19; Pfeiffer et al., 2011 PDF: 47; Branstetter & Sáenz, 2012 PDF: 258; Ellison et al., 2012: 256; Guénard & Dunn, 2012 PDF: 45; Sarnat & Economo, 2012 PDF: 88; Sarnat et al., 2013 PDF: 71; Ramage, 2014 PDF: 164; Jaitrong et al., 2016 PDF: 36; Wetterer et al., 2016 PDF: 12; Deyrup, 2017: 74; Steiner et al., 2017: 13; Dekoninck et al., 2019 PDF: 1154; Fernández & Serna, 2019 PDF: 808; Lubertazzi, 2019 10.3099/MCZ-43.1 PDF: 130; Dias et al., 2020 10.3897/zookeys.967.54432 PDF: 77.
// Distribution

Distribution:

  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Africa: Benin, Cameroon, Comoros, Ghana, Grande Glorieuse, Ivory Coast, Madagascar, Mauritius, Mayotte, Nigeria, Reunion, Seychelles, South Africa, Tanzania, Togo
    Americas: Anguilla, Bahamas, Barbados, Brazil, Cayman Islands, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, French Guiana, Galapagos Islands, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Mexico, Panama, Paraguay, Puerto Rico, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, United States, Venezuela
    Asia: Borneo, China, India, Indonesia, Japan, Krakatau Islands, Laos, Malaysia, Nicobar Island, Oman, Philippines, South Korea, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam
    Europe: United Kingdom
    Oceania: Australia, Cook Islands, Fiji, French Polynesia, Guam, Hawaii, Kiribati, Marshall Islands, Micronesia, New Caledonia, Niue, Norfolk Island, Northern Mariana Islands, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tokelau, Tonga, Vanuatu, Wallis and Futuna
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Afrotropical, Australasia, Indomalaya, Malagasy, Nearctic, Neotropical, Oceania, Palearctic
  Native to (according to species list records):
    Australasia, Indomalaya bioregions

Distribution Notes:

Cabo Verde

Biology:

Natural History:

This species is very common and occurs in and around houses and in low second growth vegetation almost anywhere in the country where ants occur. It nests opportunistically in any small cavity, usually in the low arboreal zone, and may become a house pest. Almost all the nests I have observed have been polygynous, with up to 7 dealate queens.

Notes:

(Dutch vernacular name: Aziatische faraomier)

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Scientific Name Status Publication Pages ModsID GoogleMaps
Monomorium floricola   Fernández, F., 2007, Two new South American species of Monomorium Mayr with taxonomic notes on the genus., Advances in ant systematics (Hymenoptera: Formicidae): Homage to E. O. Wilson - 50 years of contributions. (Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute 80), pp. 128-145: 134, (download) 134 21280
Monomorium floricola   Forel, A., 1893, Formicides de l'Antille St. Vincent. Récoltées par Mons. H. H. Smith., Transactions of the Entomological Society of London 1893, pp. 333-418: 388-389, (download) 388-389 3948
Monomorium floricola   Wild, A. L., 2007, A catalogue of the ants of Paraguay (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 1622, pp. 1-55: 33, (download) 33 21367
Monomorium floricola   Forel, A., 1895, Nouvelles fourmis de diverses provenances, surtout d'Australie., Annales de la Societe Entomologique de Belgique 39, pp. 41-49: -1, (download) -1 3954
Monomorium floricola   Heterick, B. E., 2006, A revision of the Malagasy ants belonging to genus Monomorium Mayr, 1855 (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences 57, pp. 69-202: 122-125, (download) 122-125 21061

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 27 times found in coastal scrub, 42 times found in tropical moist forest, 21 times found in dry forest, 28 times found in rainforest, 21 times found in urban garden, 21 times found in urban/garden, 1 times found in port of entry/city, 2 times found in La Selva, 9 times found in tropical dry forest, 9 times found in Semideciduous seasonal forest, ...

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 53 times ex dead twig above ground, 66 times ex sifted leaf litter, 37 times on low vegetation, 23 times Malaise trap, 2 times recruiting to bait, 10 times sifted litter (leaf mold, rotten wood), 11 times ground forager(s), 8 times ex rotten log, 5 times ex rot pocket above ground, 1 times unshaded tree, 3 times 1 square meter of sifted leaf litter, ...

Collected most commonly using these methods: 57 times MiniWinkler, 16 times search, 19 times M, 2 times H, 13 times Winkler, 8 times GC, 4 times 9 MaxiWinks, mixed samples, 9 times hand collected|aspirator>bait trap|peanut butter, 10 times Malaise, 4 times Hand collected, 8 times hand collected|aspirator>bait trap|peanut butter, maple syrup, ...

Elevations: collected from 1 - 1980 meters, 159 meters average

Collect Date Range: collected between 1926-08-05 and 2019-11-10

Type specimens: Lectotype of Monomorium specularis: casent0916008; Not Provided: casent0171072, casent0181591, casent0181656, casent0181676, casent0181677, casent0181694, casent0181700, casent0181762, casent0181795, casent0181846, casent0181854, casent0181857, casent0181859, casent0181860, casent0181867, casent0181873, casent0181882, casent0181886, casent0181888, casent0181893, casent0181902, casent0181904, casent0181918, casent0181920, casent0181921, casent0181925, casent0181930, casent0181933, casent0181942, casent0181944, casent0181948, casent0181949, casent0181952, casent0181967, casent0181968, casent0181970, casent0181972, casent0181977, casent0181979, casent0181982, casent0181983, casent0181988, casent0181991, casent0181997, casent0181999, casent0186611, casent0186751, casent0186795, casent0186968, casent0248868, casent0248881; paralectotype of Mononorium angusticalava: casent0010954; syntype of Monomorium angusticlava: castype06928; syntype of Monomorium floricola furina: casent0908699; syntype of Monomorium floricola philippinensis: casent0908698; syntype of Monomorium floricola furina: casent0917813



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