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Species: Monomorium ebeninum   Forel, 1891 

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Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2022)

Monomorium minutum r. ebeninum Forel, 1891c PDF: 165 (in text) (w.) VIRGIN IS (St Thomas I.), Guatemala. Neotropic. Primary type information: Type-material: syntype workers (number not stated). Type-localities: Virgin Is: St Thomas I., x.1878 (A. Forel), and Guatemala (no further data, apparently lost). Type-depository: MHNG. Type notes: 1) This taxon is based on specimens of Monomorium carbonarium (Smith, 1858), sensu Forel, 1881 PDF: 8, misidentification. Six syntype workers from St Thomas I., dated 14.x.1878, constitute the type-series. 2) The lectotype queen designated by DuBois, 1986 PDF: 106, should be set aside as no queen is mentioned in the original type-series, and the lectotype’s locality, St Vincent, does not occur in either of Forel’s publications (1881, 1891b). AntCat AntWiki

Taxonomic history

[Misspelled as ebininum by Ettershank, 1966 PDF: 88.
Forel, 1893j PDF: 388 (q.); Forel, 1897b PDF: 300 (m.); Wheeler, 1905c PDF: 88 (q.m.)
// Distribution


  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Americas: Bahamas, Barbados, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Puerto Rico, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Trinidad and Tobago, United States, United States Virgin Islands
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Nearctic, Neotropical
  Native to (according to species list records):
    Neotropical bioregion

Distribution Notes:

Mexico south to Costa Rica, many Caribbean islands. Uncertain whether native in Costa Rica.


Natural History:

In Costa Rica this is a moderately common species in disturbed areas in the seasonally dry northwest portion of the country. I have collected it in Santa Rosa National Park, where I observed workers recruiting to a dead grasshopper on an asphalt road. I also have records from Curu on the Nicoya Peninsula and La Pita on the road from the PanAmerican highway to Monteverde. I have never found a nest of the species.

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 7 times found in tropical dry forest, 5 times found in dry forest, 1 times found in scrubby 2nd growth, 3 times found in disturbed semi-moist woodland, 2 times found in littoral scrub, 1 times found in weedy veg., 1 times found in secondary broadleaf forest, 3 times found in mature wet forest, 2 times found in roadside vegetation, 2 times found in 2º wet forest, ...

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 8 times sweeping, 13 times ex sifted leaf litter, 8 times at bait, 1 times on treetrunk, 3 times on tree trunk, 1 times nest under bark of pine tree, 3 times beating vegetation, 2 times sifted litter, 1 times hollow under limestone rock, 2 times foragers in sand, 1 times foragers, ...

Collected most commonly using these methods: 8 times sweeping, 7 times hand collecting, 7 times search, 5 times Winkler, 5 times baiting, 5 times hand collection, 3 times maxiWinkler, 3 times direct collection, 4 times MiniWinkler, 3 times bait, 3 times beating, ...

Elevations: collected from 2 - 1560 meters, 257 meters average

Collect Date Range: collected between 1878-10-14 00:00:00.0 and 2016-07-16 00:00:00.0

Type specimens: Lectotype of Monomorium ebeninum: casent0908695; paralectotype of Monomorium ebeninum: casent0908696

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