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Species: Iridomyrmex bicknelli   Emery, 1898 

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Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2023)

Iridomyrmex bicknelli Emery, 1898b: 236, figs. 6, 7 (w.) AUSTRALIA (Tasmania). Australasia. Primary type information: Primary type material: syntype workers (number not stated). Primary type locality: Australia: Tasmania (C. Bicknell). Primary type depositories: MHNG, MSNG. Type notes: Shattuck, 1994 PDF: 101, cites only 1 worker syntype MHNG. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Replacement name for Iridomyrmex gracilis (Lowne, 1865). [Junior primary homonym of Pseudomyrmex gracilis (Fabricius, 1804).]
[Note: Iridomyrmex bicknelli junior synonym of Iridomyrmex gracilis (Lowne, 1865) (synonymy by Heterick & Shattuck, 2011 PDF: 49); hence Iridomyrmex bicknelli first available replacement name.]
Junior synonym of Iridomyrmex gracilis (Lowne, 1865): Heterick & Shattuck, 2011 PDF: 49.
// Distribution


  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Oceania: Australia
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 12 times found in Grazed Euc. dieback area, 7 times found in Mallee, 7 times found in Dry sclerophyll, 6 times found in Dune, 5 times found in Heath, 3 times found in sandplain heath, 2 times found in Paddock areas, 2 times found in low mallee, 2 times found in Chenopod, 2 times found in granite mountain, ...

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 5 times nest in soil under stone, 2 times Nest, 2 times On ground, 1 times day strays, 2 times On Leptospermum flowers, 1 times Foraging on ground, 2 times Under stones alluvial soil, 2 times Under stone, 2 times trunk strays, 1 times Melaleuca in dry rill, 2 times in soil under stone, ...

Collected most commonly using these methods: 18 times Pitfall, 5 times Pitfalls, 5 times pitfall trap, 4 times traps, 4 times By hand, 3 times Pitfall traps, 2 times trap, 2 times Malaise, 1 times 2 m Townes malaise, 2 times beating, 2 times direct collection, ...

Elevations: collected from 2 - 1400 meters, 366 meters average

Collect Date Range: collected between 1862-09-01 00:00:00.0 and 2016-12-27 00:00:00.0

Type specimens: syntype of Formica gracilis: casent0903081; syntype of Iridomyrmex bicknelli: casent0905053; syntype of Iridomyrmex bicknelli splendidus: casent0909505; type of Iridomyrmex bicknelli: focol2834; Type of unavailable quadrinomial: Iridomyrmex gracilis papuanus cinerea: casent0905046

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