Current View: All Antweb
Cite this page

Citing AntWeb


To cite this page, please use the following:

· For print:      Citation: AntWeb. Version 8.86.1. California Academy of Science, online at Accessed .

· For web:

Species: Hypoponera lea   (Santschi, 1937) 

Download Data

Note: Not a Valid Taxon Name

Current Valid Name:

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2023)

Ponera lea Santschi, 1937g PDF: 73, fig. 2a-d (w.) SIERRA LEONE. Afrotropic. Primary type information: Type-material: 3 syntype workers. Type-locality: Sierra Leone: Njala, 21.xii.1926, on palm (E. Hargreaves). Type-depository: NHMB. Type notes: Only 1 syntype remains in NHMB, which consists of just a few leg fragments; other 2 syntypes lost or destroyed (Bolton & Fisher, 2011 PDF: 112). AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Combination in Hypoponera: Bolton, 1995b: 215
Status as species: Santschi, 1938b PDF: 79; Bernard, 1953b PDF: 200 (in key); Bolton, 1995b: 215.
Unidentifiable taxon, incertae sedis in Hypoponera: Bolton & Fisher, 2011 PDF: 112 (discussion).
// Distribution


  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Africa: Sierra Leone
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Treatment Citation: Bolton, B. & Fisher, B. L., 2011, Taxonomy of Afrotropical and West Palaearctic ants of the ponerine genus Hypoponera Santschi (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 2843, pp. 1-118

Hypoponera lea (Santschi)HNS

Ponera lea SantschiHNS, 1937a: 73, fig. 2. Syntype worker (leg fragments only), SIERRA LEONE: Njala, 21.xii.26, on palm (E. Hargreaves) (NMHB) [examined]. [Redescribed and refigured: Santschi, 1938: 78, fig. 1. Combination in HypoponeraHNS: Bolton, 1995: 215.]

In the original description Santschi states that there are three workers in the type-series of this taxon. Only one is now present in NHMB and the specimen unfortunately was destroyed at some time in the past so that only a few fragments of legs remain on the mount. The whereabouts of the other two syntypes are not known. From the original description and figure it could easily be argued that lea is yet another synonym of punctatissimaHNS, but the conclusion is rendered insecure by the redescription and new figure issued by Santschi in 1938, supposedly based on the same specimens. In the original (1937) figure there is no mesonotal-mesopleural suture indicated and the petiole node in profile appears relatively lower, longer and more broad-topped, generally resembling punctatissimaHNS. In the later (1938) figure, a mesonotal-mesopleural suture is very conspicuous and the node in profile appears higher, shorter and more narrowly rounded dorsally, altogether more like dulcisHNS. Despite Santschi’s (1938) statement that lea is closely related to cognataHNS (a junior synonym of punctatissimaHNS), a large element of doubt remains, because while the mesonotal-mesopleural suture is absent in workers of punctatissimaHNS, it is present in those of dulcisHNS. The possibility cannot be dismissed that the original syntype series of lea was mixed, and that Santschi has drawn one of each in his two mentions of the species. It is therefore necessary to treat lea as a species inquirenda until one or both of the other syntypes can be located, a lectotype designated, and the name placed in the synonymy of one or the other species.

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 1 times on palm.

Collect Date Range: collected on 1926-11-21 00:00:00.0

Type specimens: syntype of Ponera lea: casent0915199

See something amiss? Send us an email.
Log In to see maps.