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Species: Hypoponera nitidula   (Emery, 1890) 

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Current Valid Name:

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2023)

Ponera nitidula Emery, 1890c PDF: 43 (w.) COSTA RICA. Neotropic. Primary type information: Type-material: syntype workers (number not stated). Type-locality: Costa Rica: (no further data), 1889 (A. Alfaro). Type-depository: MSNG. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

[Also described as new by Emery, 1894l PDF: 49.]
Combination in Hypoponera: Kempf, 1972b PDF: 123
// Distribution


  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Americas: Belize, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):

Distribution Notes:

Mexico, Honduras, Costa Rica (type locality). Costa Rica: throughout the country in wet forest habitats, low and middle elevations. Hitoy Cerere Biological Reserve, La Selva Biological Station and northern slope Volcan Barba to 1100m, Turrialba, Penas Blancas, Pitilla in Guanacaste Conservation Area, Carara, Wilson Botanical Garden. Unknown from the Osa Peninsula and vicinity.


Natural History:

This species occurs in mature wet forest habitats, and inhabits leaf litter on the forest floor. I most often collect it in Winkler samples of sifted litter.


Emery, C. 1890. Studi sulle formiche della fauna neotropica. I-V. Bullettino della Societa Entomologica Italiana 22:38-80.

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 299 times found in mature wet forest, 280 times found in montane wet forest, 117 times found in lowland rainforest, 108 times found in tropical moist forest, 86 times found in 2ndary liquidambar forest, 81 times found in tropical rainforest, 79 times found in ridgetop cloud forest, 71 times found in mesophyll forest, 63 times found in mesophil forest, 52 times found in 2º wet forest, ...

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 1282 times ex sifted leaf litter, 137 times Hojarasca, 131 times at bait, 68 times sifted litter, 6 times foragers at cookie bait, 9 times ex sifted litter, 5 times forest litter, 2 times strays, 4 times Sobre Vegetacion, 4 times Camino toma de Agua, 3 times Malaise trap, ...

Collected most commonly using these methods: 1048 times MiniWinkler, 156 times Winkler, 151 times MaxiWinkler, 132 times Mini Winkler, 128 times Baiting, 53 times Berlese, 9 times hand collecting, 13 times search, 8 times Search & Berles, 9 times Night MiniWinkler, 4 times Sweeping, ...

Elevations: collected from 5 - 1800 meters, 589 meters average

Collect Date Range: collected between 1975-07-09 00:00:00.0 and 2022-01-17 00:00:00.0

Type specimens:

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