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Mexico to tropical South America (Lattke 1995). Costa Rica: La Selva and Osa Peninsula.
This species inhabits lowland rainforest, and is known from isolated workers, usually encountered in fresh treefalls or Malaise traps. Relative to the morphologically similar G. tornata, it appears to be more arboreal. In contrast to G. tornata, G. sulcata is rarely collected in Winkler samples.
Brown, W. L., Jr. 1958. Contributions toward a reclassification of the Formicidae. II. Tribe Ectatommini (Hymenoptera). Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology 118:175-362.
Gentry, A. H. 1990. Herbarium taxonomy versus field knowledge; is there an attainable solution? Flora Malesiana Bulletin Special Volume 1:31-35.
Lattke, J. E. 1995. Revision of the ant genus Gnamptogenys in the New World (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Journal of Hymenoptera Research 4:137-193.
Smith, F. 1858. Catalogue of hymenopterous insects in the British Museum. VI. Formicidae. 216pp., 14 pls.
Central, Guairá, Misiones, Pte. Hayes (ALWC, IFML, INBP).
Found most commonly in these habitats: 6 times found in rainforest, 3 times found in lowland tropical rain forest, 3 times found in tropical wet forest, 2 times found in montane wet forest, 2 times found in rainforest edge, 1 times found in mature rainforest, 1 times found in Tropical hardwood forest, 1 times found in Tropical rain forest, 1 times found in Pasture, fencerows, stream edge with a few tall trees, 1 times found in tropical rainforest, ...
Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 5 times on low vegetation, 5 times Malaise trap, 2 times stray foragers, 3 times ex sifted leaf litter, 1 times foragers on ground, 2 times beating vegetation, 1 times Foraging ants, 1 times forager, 1 times ex rot pocket, 1 times ex Malaise trap, 1 times decaying palm fruit stalk & sub-litter on ground, ...
Collected most commonly using these methods: 8 times Malaise, 3 times hand collecting, 4 times search, 3 times beating, 3 times Winkler, 2 times direct collection, 1 times HandCollection, 1 times beating vegetation (1 hour), 1 times Winkler48h, 1 times beating vegetation (15 minutes), 00 am-12 times beating vegetation, 11, ...
Elevations: collected from 5 - 1260 meters, 383 meters average
Collect Date Range: collected between 1936-07-20 00:00:00.0 and 2021-05-18 00:00:00.0
Type specimens: syntype of Ectatomma sulcatum cearensis: casent0907190; syntype of Gnamptogenys lineata: casent0915918; syntype of Gnamptogenys sulcata: casent0900550; syntype of Ponera tornata: casent0915919; type of Ponera tornata: focol0880, focol0881, focol0882