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Species: Cyphomyrmex major   Forel, 1901 

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Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2023)

Cyphomyrmex rimosus var. major Forel, 1901d PDF: 125 (w.) GUATEMALA. Neotropic. Primary type information: Primary type material: lectotype worker (by designation of Snelling & Longino, 1992 PDF: 490). Primary type locality: lectotype Guatemala: (no further data) (W.M. Wheeler?). Primary type depository: MHNG. Secondary type information: Secondary type material: 2 paralectotype workers. Secondary type locality: same as for lectotype. Secondary type depository: MHNG. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Lectotype designation: Snelling & Longino, 1992 PDF: 490.
// Distribution


  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Americas: Bolivia, Brazil, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Venezuela
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):

Distribution Notes:

Guatemala (type locality), Costa Rica. Costa Rica: Atlantic slope to 1100m elevation.


Natural History:

This species occurs in wet forest. It appears to be a specialist inhabitant of mature forest canopy. Almost all of my collections have been from nests beneath epiphyte mats or strays in recent treefalls. This behavior extends to Venezuela, where I also collected it beneath epiphytes in a treefall. I have never collected it in Winkler samples or other sampling methods that focus on the ground fauna.


In Costa Rica, C. major has an allopatric or parapatric distribution with C. dixus, a Pacific slope species with similar morphology and nesting habits.


Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Treatment Citation: Snelling, R. R. & Longino, J. T., 1992, Revisionary notes on the fungus-growing ants of the genus Cyphomyrmex, rimosus-group (Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Attini)., Insects of Panama and Mesoamerica: selected studies., Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 479-494

Cyphomyrmex major ForelHNS new status (Figs. 30.5, 30.13)

Cyphomyrmex rimosus var. major ForelHNS, 1901:125; [[worker]]

This form is based on worker specimens from an unknown locality in Guatemala. Specimens subsequently recorded by Forel (1912) under this name from the State of Sao Paulo, Brazil, are probably not conspecific. The only specimens of C. majorHNS that we have seen are three cotypes from the Forel collection (MHNG). The three workers are mounted on a single card; the right-hand specimen is the best preserved of the three and is here designated as the Lecotype and has been appropriately marked and labelled.

Although similar to C. vorticisHNS and C. salvini, C. majorHNS differs from both in the shape of the prolonged portion of the occipital corners. In C. vorticisHNS and C. salviniHNS the occipital corner is distinctly spine-like, especially in lateral view; in C. majorHNS the occipital corner projects upward as a broad lobe (Fig. 30.5). The body hairs are slender and not at all scale-like in C. vorticisHNS; in both C. majorHNS and C. salviniHNS they are broadly scale-like C. majorHNS is further distinguished from C. salviniHNS, by the broader, more obtuse mesosomal tubercles (Fig. 30.13), rather than acutely conical (see Kempf, 1966, Fig. 16).

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 5 times found in rainforest, 6 times found in mature wet forest, 1 times found in mature rainforest, 1 times found in 2nd growth forest, 1 times found in 2º lowland tropical rainforest, 2 times found in montane wet forest, 2 times found in Primary wet forest, 1 times found in SAT, 1 times found in Sura 700 m, 1 times found in CCL 840M, ...

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 5 times ex sifted leaf litter, 1 times nest under epiphyte mat, 2 times beating vegetation, 1 times on treefall, 1 times Nest under epiphyte mat in treefall, 1 times Malaise trap, 1 times in canopy, 1 times foragers on treefall, 1 times edge Rio Peje, 1 times bajo de M/07, 1 times Virola canopy, foragers, ...

Collected most commonly using these methods: 7 times search, 5 times MiniWinkler, 5 times Fogging, 1 times hand collection, 2 times Malaise, 2 times Beating, 1 times flight intercept trap, 1 times pan traps.

Elevations: collected from 50 - 1160 meters, 326 meters average

Collect Date Range: collected between 1985-03-17 00:00:00.0 and 2017-10-07 00:00:00.0

Type specimens: Lectotype of Cyphomyrmex major: casent0909379; Nontype: casent0745147, casent0745148, casent0745149, casent0745150, casent0745151

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