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Species: Crematogaster (Orthocrema) vicina   André, 1893 

Classification:
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Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2022)

Crematogaster vicina André, 1893b PDF: 151 (w.) JAMAICA. Neotropic. Primary type information: Type-material: syntype workers (number not stated). Type-locality: Jamaica: Moneague (T.D.A. Cockerell). Type-depository: MNHN. AntCat AntWiki

Taxonomic history

Wheeler, 1917g PDF: 461 (q.m.)
Status as species: Wheeler, 1905c PDF: 126; Wheeler, 1908b PDF: 161; Longino, 2003a PDF: 129.
Senior synonym of Crematogaster vicina wighti: Wheeler, 1917g PDF: 461 (in text); Bolton, 1995b: 165; Longino, 2003a PDF: 129.
// Distribution

Distribution:

  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Americas: Jamaica
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Neotropical

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Treatment Citation: Longino, J. T., 2003, The Crematogaster (Hymenoptera, Formicidae, Myrmicinae) of Costa Rica., Zootaxa 151, pp. 1-150

Crematogaster vicinaHNS REVISED STATUS

Crematogaster vicina AndreHNS, 1893b:151. Syntype worker: Jamaica, Montego Bay (M. Cockerell). Wheeler, W.M. 1917:461: description of queen, male. Emery, 1922:134: combination in C. (Orthocrema)HNS. Forel, 1912:212: race of brevispinosaHNS.

Crematogaster vicina var. wighti WheelerHNS, W.M. 1908a:161. Syntype worker: Jamaica, St. Margaret's Bay , procession on ground in woods (Wight). Synonymy by Wheeler, W.M. 1917:461.

I cannot distinguish this species from torosaHNS on morphological grounds. It appears to be the only crinosaHNS complex species on Jamaica, and it is very abundant there. The workers build large, completely exposed carton nests that wrap around relatively narrow gauge stems on small trees. This nesting behavior is unique and highly distinctive within the crinosaHNS complex. All other crinosaHNS complex nests I have seen have been in dead wood, with at most small carton baffles around nest entrances and forming partitions inside the nest. Thus the population has been on Jamaica long enough to evolve this distinctive nesting behavior (or retained a primitive nesting behavior that has been lost everywhere else).

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 4 times found in low forest on karst, 3 times found in Wet forest on karst, 4 times found in scrub forest, 3 times found in low scrub forest, 2 times found in montane roadside, 1 times found in roadside, 2 times found in scrubby secondgrowth veg., 1 times found in farmland in karst area, 1 times found in Montane Pine/Mahogany Forest, 1 times found in pasture edge, ...

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 16 times in carton nest, 1 times carton nest in backyard citrus tree, 1 times workers on tree trunk, 1 times under bromeliad, 1 times Sta.502., 1 times nocturnal strays, 1 times diurnal strays, 1 times columns on vegetation, 1 times 15.

Collected most commonly using these methods: 22 times search, 1 times direct collection.

Elevations: collected from 5 - 1520 meters, 590 meters average

Collect Date Range: collected between 1941-04-23 and 2010-12-21

Type specimens:



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