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Species: Crematogaster (Crematogaster) laeviuscula   Mayr, 1870 

Classification:
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Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2022)

Crematogaster laeviuscula Mayr, 1870b PDF: 993 (w.) U.S.A. (Oklahoma). Nearctic. Primary type information: Type-material: syntype workers (number not stated). Type-locality: U.S.A.: Oklahoma, Fort Cobb, “on the border between Texas and the Indian Territories” (Norton). Type-depository: NHMW. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

[Misspelled as leviuscula by Dalla Torre, 1893 PDF: 83, and others.]
Status as species: Mayr, 1886d PDF: 463; Dalla Torre, 1893 PDF: 83; Wheeler, 1919h PDF: 111; Smith, 1930a PDF: 4; Dennis, 1938 PDF: 283; Enzmann, 1946c PDF: 93; Creighton, 1950a PDF: 210; Smith, 1951c PDF: 809; Buren, in Smith, 1958c PDF: 126; Buren, 1968b PDF: 92 (in key); Smith, 1979: 1379; Johnson, 1988: 322 (redescription); Bolton, 1995b: 156; Mackay & Mackay, 2002 PDF: 93; Morgan & Mackay, 2017 PDF: 196 (redescription); Ward & Blaimer, 2022 PDF: 902.
// Distribution

Distribution:

  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Africa: Botswana, South Africa
    Americas: Mexico, United States
    Asia: Indonesia
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Afrotropical, Australasia, Nearctic, Neotropical

Distribution Notes:

SE

Biology:

Habitat: Swampy to mesic, remnant, re-grown and even disturbed wooded areas, also edges of fens, ponds and streams. Nests are in decomposing wood and hollow plant stems.

Natural History: C. laeviuscula nests near the ground, most often in a moist, decomposing stump or log, but forages mostly above ground on plants and in tree canopies, traveling in columns up and down tree trunks for access. Sexuals are reared in early summer.

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 11 times found in Mixed hardwood forest, 7 times found in Riparian woodland, 5 times found in live oak woodland, 2 times found in desert gallery forest, 2 times found in desert wash, 4 times found in sand dunes, 2 times found in postoak/grass parkland, 1 times found in Lakeside pine sage forest, 1 times found in disturbed grassland, 4 times found in Bottomland forest, ...

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 7 times under rock, 6 times in Quercus virginiana, 2 times nest under rock, 3 times dead branch, 1 times nest under rock at base of Populus and under bark, 1 times nest in dry wood, 1 times nest in dead Populus log, 1 times under stone, 3 times log stage 3, 1 times log nest, 2 times lab colony, ...

Collected most commonly using these methods: 25 times direct collection, 10 times hand collecting, 5 times search, 2 times Winkler, 1 times hand coll., 2 times hand collected, 2 times pitfall, 2 times ex trap nest, 1 times Malaise trap, 1 times pitfall trap, 1 times Berlese, ...

Elevations: collected from 2 - 3000 meters, 331 meters average

Collect Date Range: collected between 1870-12-31 and 2021-03-11

Type specimens: syntype clara: jtl055884; syntype laeviuscula: jtl055973; syntype of Crematogaster bicolor: casent0901443; Type of unavailable quadrinomial: Crematogaster lineolata laeviuscula clara: casent0902142



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