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Mexico to Brazil (Kempf 1958). Costa Rica: seasonally dry portions of Guanacaste and Puntarenas Provinces.
This species prefers dry forest or scrubby habitats. It nests in live or dead stems. I have the following nest collections:
Nest in dead stick.
A sprawling vine had soft pith and was commonly inhabited by ants. A series of nest collections made, all from live stems.
Small treefall that had been down long enough for leaves to be dry and brown. Nest in hard dead wood.
Andrade, M. L. de, and C. Baroni Urbani. 1999. Diversity and adaptation in the ant genus Cephalotes, past and present (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Stuttgarter Beitrage zur Naturkunde Serie B (Geologie und Palaontologie) 271:1-889.
Kempf, W. W. 1958. New studies of the ant tribe Cephalotini (Hym. Formicidae). Stud. Entomol. (n.s.)1:1-168.
Klug, F. 1824. Entomologische Monographien. Berlin: Reimer, 242 pp.
Found most commonly in these habitats: 4 times found in dry forest, 1 times found in 2nd growth seasonal dry forest, 1 times found in secondgrowth dry forest, 1 times found in moist forest, 1 times found in moist forest and second growth veg., 1 times found in edge of mangrove, 1 times found in isolated tree in pasture, 1 times found in seasonally dry scrubby vegetation, 2 times found in Secondary forest in city park, 2 times found in tropical rainforest, ...
Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 1 times nest in dead vine stem, 3 times on low vegetation, 3 times nest in twig above ground, 1 times nest in dead stick, 1 times nest in dead branch treefall, 1 times in dead stick, 3 times dead twig above ground, 1 times nocturnal foragers, 1 times nest in dead acacia tree, 1 times ex live stems sprawling vine, 1 times ex dead twig of Prosopis, ...
Collected most commonly using these methods: 8 times search, 2 times Beating, 1 times miniWinkler, 1 times sweep, 1 times beating low vegetation, 1 times beating vegetation (2 hours), 45-3 times beating vegetation, 2.
Elevations: collected from 5 - 1207 meters, 268 meters average
Collect Date Range: collected between 1940-12-30 and 2018-09-02
Type specimens: Holotype of Cryptocerus araneolus: casent0900252; syntype of Cryptocerus discocephalus: casent0919602; syntype of Cryptocerus varians marginata: casent0904929; type of Cryptocerus pallens: focol2147