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Species: Carebara urichi   (Wheeler, 1922) 

Classification:
Download Data

See Also:

Carebara urichi_nr

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2021)

Spelaeomyrmex urichi Wheeler, 1922e PDF: 45, fig. 1 (w.) TRINIDAD. Neotropic. Primary type information: Type-material: 11 syntype workers. Type-locality: Trinidad: Guacharo Cave (F.M. Urich). Type-depository: MCZC. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Fernández, 2004a PDF: 206 (s.q.m.); Fischer et al., 2014 PDF: 99 (s.w.)
Combination in Erebomyrma: Wilson, 1962a PDF: 63; Wilson, 1986b PDF: 61.
Combination in Oligomyrmex: Ettershank, 1966 PDF: 124; Bolton, 1995b: 300.
Combination in Carebara: Fernández, 2004a PDF: 205.
// Distribution

Distribution:

  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Americas: Belize, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guatemala, Guyana, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Peru, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, Venezuela
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Afrotropical, Neotropical

Distribution Notes:

Mexico to southern Brazil (Fern‡ndez 2004). Costa Rica: wet forest habitats on both slopes to 1300m elevation.

Biology:

Natural History:

This species is mainly known from Winkler samples of sifted litter from the forest floor. It is relatively common in Winkler samples from lowland and mid-elevation wet forest habitats. It is less often collected using other methods. Nichole Barger made one collection of urichi while baiting at La Selva Biological Station. Bill Eberhard observed a flight of males from a nest in the ground near his home in Cerros de Escazu. Nevermann found the type series of nevermanni (now a junior synonym of urichi) in a rotten log, in company with Pachycondyla stigma.

References:

Fern‡ndez C., F. 2004. The American species of the myrmicine ant genus Carebara Westwood (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Caldasia 26:191-238.

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 343 times found in mature wet forest, 150 times found in montane wet forest, 56 times found in tropical rainforest, 43 times found in tropical wet forest, 46 times found in 2ndary liquidambar forest, 31 times found in lowland rainforest, 31 times found in tropical moist forest, 31 times found in lowland wet forest, 29 times found in mesophil forest, 22 times found in wet forest, ...

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 719 times ex sifted leaf litter, 119 times Hojarasca, 78 times at bait, 7 times ex sifted litter, 2 times leaf litter, 1 times nest in clay soil, 3 times sifted litter (leaf mold, rotten wood), 1 times sifted leaf litter, 1 times ex rotten log, 1 times Cerca del Refugio Cascante, 1 times Cerca de; Cañon del rio Peje hacia Cascante, ...

Collected most commonly using these methods: 582 times MiniWinkler, 111 times Mini Winkler, 63 times Winkler, 92 times MaxiWinkler, 75 times Baiting, 19 times Berlese, 5 times search, 11 times Baited pitfall, 4 times Search & Berles, 3 times bait, 3 times Hypogaeic pitfall, ...

Elevations: collected from 5 - 1520 meters, 486 meters average

Collect Date Range: collected between 1953-01-01 and 2021-05-04

Type specimens: syntype morai: jtl021855, jtl021856; syntype of Erebomyrma morai: casent0902390; Syntypes morai: jtl056024



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