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Species: Camponotus (Myrmosericus) cruentatus   (Latreille, 1802) 

Classification:
Download Data

Current Valid Name:



Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2022)

Extant: 1 valid subspecies

Formica cruentata Latreille, 1802a PDF: 116, pl. 3, fig. 10 (w.) "L'HABITATION EST INCONNUE. JE SOUPÇONNE QU'ELLE EST D'AFRIQUE.". Afrotropic. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Roger, 1862b PDF: 255 (q.m.); Emery, 1916a PDF: 230 (s.)
Combination in Camponotus: Mayr, 1861 PDF: 36 (in key).
Status as species: Smith, 1858a PDF: 30; Roger, 1859 PDF: 228; Mayr, 1861 PDF: 36 (in key); Roger, 1862b PDF: 255; Mayr, 1863a PDF: 398; Roger, 1863b PDF: 1; Mayr, 1865 PDF: 33; Dours, 1873 PDF: 164; André, 1874b: 177 (in key); Emery, 1878a PDF: viii (in list); Emery & Forel, 1879 PDF: 448; Forel, 1879a PDF: 77; André, 1882b PDF: 147 (in key); Forel, 1890b PDF: lxvii; Saunders, 1890 PDF: 202; Emery, 1891c: 20; Dalla Torre, 1893 PDF: 227; Medina, 1893 PDF: 104; Forel, 1894d PDF: 3; Emery, 1896j PDF: 372 (in list); Forel, 1909c PDF: 106; Karavaiev, 1912a PDF: 20; Emery, 1916a PDF: 225; Stitz, 1917 PDF: 350; Bondroit, 1918 PDF: 74; Santschi, 1919e PDF: 247; Menozzi, 1922c PDF: 331; Emery, 1925d PDF: 105; Santschi, 1925g PDF: 356; Menozzi, 1927b PDF: 92; Menozzi, 1928a PDF: 128; Santschi, 1929e PDF: 163; Santschi, 1931a: 12; Santschi, 1932e PDF: 71; Santschi, 1932h PDF: 4; Grandi, 1935 PDF: 102; Santschi, 1936c PDF: 208; Schmitz, 1950 PDF: 13; Ceballos, 1956: 311; Cagniant, 1964 PDF: 91; Cagniant, 1966b PDF: 281; Bernard, 1967a PDF: 339 (redescription); Cagniant, 1968a PDF: 146; Collingwood & Yarrow, 1969 PDF: 81; Cagniant, 1970c PDF: 34; Baroni Urbani, 1971c PDF: 188; Collingwood, 1978 PDF: 91 (in key); Taylor & Brown, 1985: 112; Cagniant, 1985b PDF: 81; Agosti & Collingwood, 1987b PDF: 283 (in key); Cagniant, 1991b PDF: 42; Bolton, 1995b: 95; Poldi et al., 1995: 7; Cagniant, 1996b: 96; Espadaler, 1997g PDF: 27; Collingwood & Prince, 1998: 24 (in key); Cagniant, 2006 PDF: 194; Petrov, 2006 PDF: 109 (in key); Casevitz-Weulersse & Galkowski, 2009 PDF: 479; Borowiec, 2014 PDF: 29; Lebas et al., 2016: 142.
Senior synonym of Camponotus gigas (Leach, 1825): Dalla Torre, 1893 PDF: 227; Emery, 1896j PDF: 372; Emery, 1925d PDF: 105; Bolton, 1995b: 95.
Material of the unavailable name Camponotus bucephala referred here by Roger, 1859 PDF: 228; Mayr, 1861 PDF: 36; Bolton, 1995b: 95.
// Distribution

Distribution:

  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Africa: Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia
    Europe: Andorra, France, Gibraltar, Italy, Monaco, Portugal, Spain
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Afrotropical, Palearctic

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Treatment Citation: Forel, A., 1890, Fourmis de Tunisie et de l'Algérie orientale., Annales de la Societe Entomologique de Belgique, Comptes-rendus des Seances 34, pp. 61-76

Camponotus cruentatusHNS,

variété un peu plus terne que la forme du midi de la France, avec la tête des [[worker]] major un peu plus rétrécie à ses angles postérieurs. Bois de chênes des montagnes des environs de Souk-Ahras vers 1400 mètres, sous les pierres.

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 1 times found in Q. ilex+C. siliqua, 4 times found in Encinar, 2 times found in Pinar, 2 times found in Rural, 1 times found in jaral, 1 times found in Jardín desatendido, gramíneas secas, etc, 1 times found in Pinus halepensis Forest, 2 times found in Mediterranean forest (Quercus pyrenaea, Pinus, Castanea sativa, etc.), 1 times found in Robledal de Quercus pyrenaica aclarado con prados, 1 times found in parking lot, ...

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 6 times Foraging, 2 times nbp, 4 times foraging on the ground, 1 times Piscina, flotando, 1 times nido suelo, 2 times Nido, 1 times Forrajeando al borde del camino, 1 times under stone, 1 times Trepando sabina, 1 times Sobre pino, 1 times Open nest in ground, ...

Collected most commonly using these methods: 23 times Hand, 11 times search, 2 times Pitfall, 2 times Net.

Elevations: collected from 30 - 1750 meters, 777 meters average

Collect Date Range: collected between 1901-12-31 00:00:00.0 and 2020-08-13 00:00:00.0

Type specimens: syntype of Camponotus cruentatus cruentior: casent0911763, casent0911764; syntype of Camponotus cruentatus lindbergi: casent0911765, casent0911766



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