Current View: All Antweb
Change View
Cite this page

Citing AntWeb


To cite this page, please use the following:

· For print:      Citation: AntWeb. Version 8.87. California Academy of Science, online at Accessed .

· For web:

Species: Camponotus (Tanaemyrmex) castaneus   (Latreille, 1802) 

Download Data

Current Valid Name:

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2023)

Formica castanea Latreille, 1802a PDF: 118, pl. 3, figs. 11, 12 (w.q.m.) U.S.A. (Pennsylvania). Nearctic. Primary type information: Primary type material: syntype worker(s), syntype queen(s), syntype male(s) (numbers not stated). Primary type localities: U.S.A.: Pennsylvania (Beauvois), U.S.A.: Carolina (Bosc). Primary type depository: MNHN (possibly MRSN). AntCat AntWiki

Taxonomic history

Wheeler, 1910g PDF: 321 (s.).
Combination in Camponotus: Roger, 1863b PDF: 6.
Junior synonym of Camponotus herculeanus: Smith, 1858a PDF: 53; Mayr, 1863a PDF: 399; Forel, 1874 PDF: 96 (in list); Emery & Forel, 1879 PDF: 447.
Status as species: Lepeletier de Saint-Fargeau, 1835 PDF: 215; Haliday, 1836: 329; Mayr, 1886d PDF: 420; Forel, 1886h PDF: 141; Cresson, 1887 PDF: 255; Dalla Torre, 1893 PDF: 223; Emery, 1893k PDF: 673; Emery, 1896j PDF: 372 (in list); Wheeler, 1905j PDF: 402; Wheeler, 1906g PDF: 22; Wheeler, 1910g PDF: 321 (redescription); Wheeler, 1910a PDF: 571; Wheeler, 1913d PDF: 117; Forel, 1914a PDF: 266; Forel, 1914d PDF: 288; Wheeler, 1916r: 600; Wheeler, 1917k PDF: 465; Emery, 1925d PDF: 74; Smith, 1930a PDF: 6; Wheeler, 1932a PDF: 13; Dennis, 1938 PDF: 300; Wesson & Wesson, 1940 PDF: 103; Buren, 1944a PDF: 294; Creighton, 1950a PDF: 375; Smith, 1951c PDF: 839; Smith, 1958c PDF: 143; Carter, 1962a PDF: 7 (in list); Smith, 1979: 1428; DuBois & LaBerge, 1988: 147; Deyrup et al., 1989 PDF: 100; Bolton, 1995b: 91; Deyrup, 2003 PDF: 44; Coovert, 2005 PDF: 164; Hansen & Klotz, 2005: 95; MacGown & Forster, 2005 PDF: 65; MacGown et al., 2007 PDF: 19; Ellison et al., 2012: 119; Deyrup, 2017: 187; Mackay, 2019: 182 (redescription).
// Distribution


  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Americas: Brazil, Canada, United States
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Nearctic, Neotropical

Distribution Notes:



Woodland, upland forest


The placement of this species in Tanaemyrmex is somewhat doubtful, as it appears much closer to Camponotus, especially C. americanus. Indeed, the status of the traditional Camponotus subgenera needs careful, worldwide revision.

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 27 times found in deciduous forest, 0 times found in peripheral to cultivated cotton, 10 times found in Black Belt Prairie, 20 times found in oak-hickory forest, Black Belt Prairie, 17 times found in pine flatwoods, 5 times found in cedar glade, 0 times found in cultivated cotton, 6 times found in oak-hickory forest, 1 times found in mixed pine-hardwood forest, 0 times found in along train tracks, ...

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 2 times ex rotten log, 4 times under rock, 4 times under log, 2 times hardwood trees, 3 times under stone, 3 times under rock on slight slope, 1 times base of tree, 2 times under rock on edge of steep ravine, 2 times under rock on edge of gorge, 2 times under moss clump, 2 times log stage 5, ...

Collected most commonly using these methods: 75 times pitfall trap, 6 times Lindgren Funnel baited with Typosan, 17 times Lindgren funnel, 9 times blacklight trap, 3 times malaise trap, 3 times Lindgren Funnel baited with Typosan and alpha pinene, 4 times Lindgren Funnel baited with alpha pinene, 0 times light trap, 1 times boxtrap, 5 times Search, 0 times brown sugar/yeast bait trap, ...

Elevations: collected from 5 - 1500 meters, 168 meters average

Collect Date Range: collected between 1903-08-08 00:00:00.0 and 2017-09-16 00:00:00.0

Type specimens:

See something amiss? Send us an email.
Log In to see maps.