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Species: Acropyga smithii   Forel, 1893 

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Current Valid Name:

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2023)

Acropyga (Rhizomyrma) smithii Forel, 1893j PDF: 349 (q.) ST VINCENT AND THE GRENADINES (St Vincent I.). Neotropic. Primary type information: Primary type material: holotype queen. Primary type locality: St Vincent & the Grenadines: St Vincent I., Morne à Garou, 1500 ft, 27.x., no. 47g (H.H. Smith). Primary type depository: BMNH. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Status as species: Wheeler, 1905c PDF: 132; Emery, 1925d PDF: 30; Wheeler, 1935f PDF: 328; Donisthorpe, 1936b PDF: 110 (in list); Weber, 1944b PDF: 95 (redescription); Kempf, 1972b PDF: 18; Bolton, 1995b: 58; LaPolla, 2004a PDF: 43 (redescription); Branstetter & Sáenz, 2012 PDF: 255; Fernández & Ortiz-Sepúlveda, 2019 PDF: 732.
Senior synonym of Acropyga kathrynae: LaPolla, 2004a PDF: 43.
Senior synonym of Acropyga urichi: LaPolla, 2004a PDF: 43.
// Distribution


  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Americas: Belize, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, French Guiana, Guatemala, Guyana, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Peru, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Trinidad and Tobago, Venezuela
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):

Distribution Notes:

The species has a large range from Central America (Belize, Honduras and Panama) southwards probably throughout tropical South America. It has not been recorded from Costa Rica.


Natural History:

Acropyga smithii is known to inhabit rainforests and cacao plantations. It occurs in the soil and litter; Weber (1944) reported nests from red clay soils down to a depth of 7.5 cm. Queens have been recorded from under the bark of a rotten log. Weber (1944) reported that at least two queens were found in one nest, indicating that this species may be polygynous. Winged reproductives have been collected from January-May.

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 51 times found in tropical rainforest, 30 times found in mature wet forest, 11 times found in 2º tropical rainforest, 12 times found in tropical wet forest, 6 times found in 2º lowland tropical rainforest, 4 times found in montane wet forest, 2 times found in wet forest, 1 times found in disturbed tropical wet forest, 1 times found in old cacao plantation, 1 times found in 1º tropical rainforest, ...

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 113 times ex sifted leaf litter, 4 times nest in clay bank, 3 times Hojarasca, 1 times Ex hojarasca, 1 times sifted litter (leaf mold, rotten wood), 1 times LeafLitter, 1 times in excavated soil of clay bank, 1 times in chambers in shallow clay soil. Abundant alate queens, males. Some tiny Hemiptera crawlers in collection..

Collected most commonly using these methods: 95 times MiniWinkler, 17 times MaxiWinkler, 6 times search, 3 times Mini Winkler, 1 times Winkler, 1 times Winkler48h.

Elevations: collected from 20 - 1350 meters, 318 meters average

Collect Date Range: collected between 1985-08-14 00:00:00.0 and 2020-02-12 00:00:00.0

Type specimens: Holotype of Acropyga smithii: casent0903181

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