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Genus: Nesomyrmex   Wheeler, 1910 


Current Valid Name:

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2023)

Extant: 83 valid species, 1 valid subspecies

Fossil: 2 valid species

Nesomyrmex Wheeler, 1910d PDF: 259. Type-species: Nesomyrmex clavipilis, by monotypy. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

[Replacement name for Goniothorax Emery, 1896; junior homonym of Goniothorax Milne-Edwards, 1879 PDF: 103 (Crustacea): Smith, 1950a PDF: 30; Bolton, 2003 PDF: 249.]
[Note: Nesomyrmex Wheeler, 1910 is the oldest junior synonym of Goniothorax Emery, 1896 (a junior homonym) and hence is the first available replacement name (Smith, 1950a PDF: 30; Bolton, 1995b: 30; Bolton, 2003 PDF: 249, 272).]
Nesomyrmex in Myrmicinae, Leptothoracini: Forel, 1917 PDF: 244; subsequent authors.
Nesomyrmex as junior synonym of Goniothorax Emery, 1896: Emery, 1924f PDF: 249; Donisthorpe, 1943g: 674.
Nesomyrmex as junior synonym of Leptothorax: Brown, 1973b PDF: 183 [provisional]; Bolton, 1982 PDF: 319; Ogata, 1991b PDF: 94; Bolton, 1994: 105; Bolton, 1995b: 39.
Nesomyrmex as senior synonym of Caulomyrma: Forel, 1915c PDF: 364 [provisional]; Emery, 1915e PDF: 24; Wheeler, 1922: 679; Donisthorpe, 1943g: 631; Bolton, 2003 PDF: 249, 272.
Nesomyrmex as senior synonym of Ireneopone: Bolton, 2003 PDF: 250, 272.
Nesomyrmex as senior synonym of Limnomyrmex: Brown, 1971a PDF: 4; Bolton, 2003 PDF: 250, 272.
Nesomyrmex as senior synonym of Meia: Bolton, 1994: 105; Bolton, 2003 PDF: 250, 272.
Nesomyrmex as senior synonym of Tetramyrma: Bolton, 2003 PDF: 249, 272.
Genus Nesomyrmex catalogues
Fisher & Bolton, 2016: 334 (Afrotropical, Malagasy checklist).
Genus Nesomyrmex references
Bolton, 2003 PDF: 272 (Nesomyrmex genus diagnosis, component species); Mbanyana & Robertson, 2008 PDF: 36 (southern Africa species revision, key); Csosz & Fisher, 2015 PDF: 38, 43 (Malagasy species group key, Nesomyrmex hafahafa group key); Baccaro et al., 2015 10.5281/zenodo.32912 PDF: 276 (Nesomyrmex in Brazil); Csosz & Fisher, 2016a 10.7717/peerj.1796 PDF: 1 (Nesomyrmex angulatus group revision), 10 (Malagasy Nesomyrmex angulatus group key); Csosz & Fisher, 2016b 10.1371/journal.pone.0152454 PDF: 1 (Nesomyrmex sikorai group revision), 12 (Malagasy Nesomyrmex sikorai group key); Csosz & Fisher, 2016c 10.3897/zookeys.603.8271 PDF: 105 (Nesomyrmex madecassus group revision), 114 (Malagasy Nesomyrmex madecassus group key); Fisher & Bolton, 2016: 333 (diagnosis); Csosz & Fisher, 2016d 10.3897/zookeys.616.9532 PDF: 125 (Nesomyrmex brevicornis group revision), 130, 133 (Malagasy species group key, Nesomyrmex madecassus group key); Hita Garcia et al., 2017 PDF: 6, 12 (Afrotropical species groups key, Nesomyrmex angulatus group key); Sharaf et al., 2017 10.5852/ejt.2017.280 PDF: 25 (Arabian Peninsula species key); Cantone, 2017 PDF: 220 (brief male diagnosis); Fernández & Serna, 2019 PDF: 824 (Colombia species key); Sharaf et al., 2020 10.1080/00222933.2020.1762013 PDF: 355 (Arabia species key). [Note: prior to 2003 references are included under Leptothorax.]

Taxon Page Images:

Nesomyrmex anduzei Gamboa, Panama.
Image © Alex Wild. // Distribution


  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Africa: Algeria, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Comoros, Democratic Republic of Congo, Djibouti, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Ghana, Kenya, Libya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Mayotte, Mozambique, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, South Africa, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Tunisia, Uganda, Zimbabwe
    Americas: Argentina, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, French Guiana, Grenada, Guatemala, Guyana, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, United States, Venezuela
    Asia: Israel, Oman, Saudi Arabia, Yemen
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Afrotropical, Malagasy, Nearctic, Neotropical, Palearctic
  Native biogeographic regions (according to species list records):
    Afrotropical, Malagasy, Nearctic, Neotropical, Palearctic

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Scientific Name Status Publication Pages ModsID GoogleMaps
Nesomyrmex   Mbanyana, N. & Robertson, H. G., 2008, Review of the ant genus Nesomyrmex (Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Myrmicinae) in southern Africa., African Natural History 4, pp. 35-55: 36, (download) 36 23052
Nesomyrmex   Wild, A. L., 2007, A catalogue of the ants of Paraguay (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 1622, pp. 1-55: 34, (download) 34 21367
Nesomyrmex   Wild, A. L., 2007, A catalogue of the ants of Paraguay (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 1622, pp. 1-55: 34, (download) 34 21367

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