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Genus: Myrmecia   Fabricius, 1804 


Current Valid Name:

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2023)

Extant: 93 valid species

Myrmecia Fabricius, 1804 PDF: 423. Type-species: Formica gulosa. AntCat AntWiki

Taxonomic history

Myrmecia in Poneridae, Myrmicidae: Smith, 1858a PDF: 143.
Myrmecia in Myrmicinae: Mayr, 1865 PDF: 18 [Myrmicidae]; Mayr, 1866b PDF: 896 [Myrmicidae].
Myrmecia in Myrmicidae, Myrmeciidae: Emery, 1877b PDF: 81.
Myrmecia in Poneridae, Myrmeciinae: Ashmead, 1905c PDF: 382.
Myrmecia in Ponerinae, Myrmeciini: Forel, 1893b PDF: 162 [Myrmecii]; Emery, 1895l PDF: 766 [Myrmecii]; Wheeler, 1910a PDF: 134 [Myrmecii]; Emery, 1911e PDF: 17; Forel, 1917 PDF: 235; Wheeler, 1922: 640; Clark, 1934c PDF: 50; Donisthorpe, 1943g: 665.
Myrmecia in Myrmeciinae: Clark, 1951 PDF: 16 (in key); Brown, 1954e PDF: 23; all subsequent authors.
[For genus references see Myrmeciinae]

Taxon Page Images:

Predator and prey: Myrmecia pyriformis with a European hornet. Yandoit, Victoria, Australia.
Image © Alex Wild. // Distribution


  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Oceania: Australia, New Caledonia, New Zealand
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
  Native biogeographic regions (according to species list records):

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Treatment Citation: Smith, F., 1858, Catalogue of the hymenopterous insects in the collection of the British Museum. Part VI. Formicidae., London: British Museum, pp. -1--1


FormicaHNS, pt., Fabr. Ent. Syst. ii. 363 (1793).

MyrmeciaHNS, Fabr. Syst. Piez. 423 (1804).

Mandibles elongate, porrect, serrated on the inner edge alternately with large and small teeth, tips curved inwards and acute at the apex; maxillary palpi 6-jointed, the labial palpi 4-jointed; antennae filiform, as long as the head and thorax; eyes large, ovate, prominent, situated forwards at the sides of the head, nearly touching the base of the mandibles; ocelli present in all the sexes. Thorax elongate; anterior wings with one complete marginal, three complete submarginal, and two discoidal cells. Abdomen with two ovate nodes in the petiole. Pupae enclosed in cocoons.

This genus of Ants appears to be confined to the continent of Australia and to Tasmania.

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