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Genus: Bothroponera   Mayr, 1862 


Current Valid Name:

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2023)

Extant: 43 valid species, 3 valid subspecies

Bothroponera Mayr, 1862 PDF: 713 (diagnosis in key), 717. Type-species: Ponera pumicosa, by subsequent designation of Emery, 1901b PDF: 42. AntCat AntWiki

Taxonomic history

Bothroponera in Ponerinae: Mayr, 1862 PDF: 713 (in key) [Poneridae]; Mayr, 1865 PDF: 13 [Poneridae]; Dalla Torre, 1893 PDF: 35 [Ponerinae].
Bothroponera in Ponerinae, Ponerini: Emery, 1895l PDF: 767; Emery, 1911e PDF: 75 [subtribe Pachycondylini]; Forel, 1917 PDF: 237 [subtribe Pachycondylini]; Wheeler, 1922: 648; subsequent authors.
Bothroponera as subgenus of Ponera: Emery, 1895l PDF: 767; Emery, 1897: 551; Forel, 1900f PDF: 325.
[Bothrponera: incorrect subsequent spelling by Forel, 1917 PDF: 237.]
Genus Bothroponera catalogues
Mayr, 1863a PDF: 397; Roger, 1863b PDF: 16; Dalla Torre, 1893 PDF: 35; Emery, 1901b PDF: 45 (species list); Emery, 1911e PDF: 75 (Pachycondyla (Bothroponera)); Wheeler, 1922: 769 (Afrotropical); Wheeler, 1922: 1007 (Malagasy); Chapman & Capco, 1951 PDF: 49 (Asia); Taylor & Brown, 1985: 21 (Australia); Taylor, 1987a PDF: 9 (Australia, New Caledonia, New Zealand); Bolton, 1995b: 302 (as part of Pachycondyla); Schmidt & Shattuck, 2014 10.11646/zootaxa.3817.1.1 PDF: 76 (species checklist); Fisher & Bolton, 2016: 217 (Afrotropical, Malagasy checklist).
Genus Bothroponera references
Mayr, 1865 PDF: 13 (diagnosis); Mayr, 1867a PDF: 82 (diagnosis); Emery, 1887f PDF: 18 (footnote) (Asia, Australia key); Forel, 1900f PDF: 322 (India, Sri Lanka Ponera (Bothroponera) species key); Emery, 1901b PDF: 42 (diagnosis); Bingham, 1903 PDF: 96 (India, Sri Lanka, Burma Bothroponera species key); Emery, 1911e PDF: 75 (Pachycondyla (Bothroponera) diagnosis); Arnold, 1915: 55 (South Africa Pachycondyla (Bothroponera) species key); Wheeler, 1922: 69, 72 (diagnosis, Afrotropical species key); Arnold, 1952a PDF: 461 (South Africa species key); Rakotonirina & Fisher, 2013a PDF: 105 (Madagascar Pachycondyla wasmannii group key); Joma & Mackay, 2013 10.1155/2013/917847 PDF: 6 (Bothroponera cavernosa complex key); Schmidt & Shattuck, 2014 10.11646/zootaxa.3817.1.1 PDF: 74 (diagnosis, synopsis); Joma & Mackay, 2015 10.13102/sociobiology.v62i4.845 PDF: 543 (Bothroponera pumicosa complex key); Fisher & Bolton, 2016: 216 (diagnosis); Joma & Mackay, 2017 PDF: 10 (Bothroponera sulcata complex key); Cantone, 2017 PDF: 253 (brief male diagnosis); Joma & Mackay, 2020 10.3157/061.146.0206 PDF: 364 (Bothroponera talpa species complex key).
Genus Bothroponera references note
Some Bothroponera references are listed under Pachycondyla, sensu lato.

Taxon Page Images:

// Distribution


  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Africa: Angola, Botswana, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Comoros, Congo, Democratic Republic of Congo, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Africa, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe
    Asia: China, India, Myanmar, Philippines, Sri Lanka
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Afrotropical, Indomalaya, Malagasy
  Native biogeographic regions (according to species list records):
    Afrotropical, Indomalaya, Malagasy

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Scientific Name Status Publication Pages ModsID GoogleMaps
Pachycondyla   Clark, J., 1930, New Formicidae, with notes on some little-known species., Proceedings of the Royal Society of Victoria 43, pp. 2-25: 11, (download) 11 6104
Bothroponera   Wheeler, W. M., 1922, The ants collected by the American Museum Congo Expedition., Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 45, pp. 39-269: 69-73, (download) 69-73 20597
Bothroponera   Forel, A., 1891, Histoire naturelle des Hymenopteres. Deuxieme partie: Les Formicides., Histoire Physique, Naturelle et Politique de Madagascar., Paris: L'Imprimerie Nationale, pp. 1-231: 127-128, (download) 127-128 6734
Bothroponera n. g.  Mayr, G., 1862, Myrmecologische Studien., Verhandlungen der Zoologisch-Botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien 12, pp. 649-776: 717, (download) 717 4445

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