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Species: Paltothyreus tarsatus   (Fabricius, 1798) 

Classification:
Download Data

See Also:

Paltothyreus tarsatus delagoensis, Paltothyreus tarsatus medianus, Paltothyreus tarsatus robustus, Paltothyreus tarsatus striatidens, Paltothyreus tarsatus striatus, Paltothyreus tarsatus subopacus

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2021)

Extant: 6 valid subspecies

Formica tarsata Fabricius, 1798 PDF: 280 (w.) SENEGAL. Afrotropic. Primary type information: Type-material: holotype(?) worker. [Note: no indication of number of specimens is given.] Type-locality: Senegal: Gorée I. (no collector’s name). Type-depository: ZMUC. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Latreille, 1802c: 202 (q.); Mayr, 1866b PDF: 894 (m.).
Combination in Paltothyreus: Mayr, 1862 PDF: 736.
Combination in Pachycondyla: Brown, 1995a: 310.
Status as species: Latreille, 1802a PDF: 200; Fabricius, 1804 PDF: 408; Lepeletier de Saint-Fargeau, 1835 PDF: 194; Haliday, 1836: 329; Smith, 1858a PDF: 94; Roger, 1860 PDF: 310; Roger, 1861b PDF: 166; Mayr, 1862 PDF: 736; Roger, 1863b PDF: 17; Mayr, 1863a PDF: 440; Mayr, 1866b PDF: 894; Forel, 1891c PDF: 136 (redescription); Forel, 1892e PDF: 352; Emery, 1892: 111; Emery, 1892f PDF: 557; Dalla Torre, 1893 PDF: 32; Mayr, 1893b PDF: 200; Forel, 1894b PDF: 74; Emery, 1894j: 46; Emery, 1895b PDF: 177; André, 1895a PDF: 3; Mayr, 1895 PDF: 125; Mayr, 1896 PDF: 231; Emery, 1896i PDF: 155; Emery, 1897f PDF: 597; Emery, 1899a PDF: 500; Mayr, 1907b PDF: 8; Forel, 1907i PDF: 75; Forel, 1909b PDF: 51, 64; Santschi, 1910c PDF: 350; Forel, 1910e PDF: 3; Stitz, 1910: 129; Emery, 1911e PDF: 62; Stitz, 1911b: 377; Forel, 1911f PDF: 361; Emery, 1912c: 1; Forel, 1913b PDF: 308; Forel, 1913f PDF: 666; Forel, 1913i PDF: 347; Santschi, 1914b PDF: 47; Santschi, 1914d PDF: 313; Santschi, 1914e: 4; Arnold, 1915: 44 (redescription); Stitz, 1916: 371; Santschi, 1919h PDF: 79; Wheeler, 1922: 60, 763; Stitz, 1923: 143; Viehmeyer, 1923 PDF: 86; Menozzi, 1933a: 96; Santschi, 1939f PDF: 160; Menozzi, 1942a PDF: 166; Weber, 1943d PDF: 294; Eidmann, 1944 PDF: 469; Bernard, 1953b PDF: 187; Hölldobler, 1980: 86; Bolton, 1995b: 310; MacKay & MacKay, 2010 PDF: 545 (redescription); Hita Garcia et al., 2013 PDF: 221.
// Distribution

Distribution:

  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Africa: Benin, Botswana, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Congo, Democratic Republic of Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, South Africa, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe
    Asia: Indonesia
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Afrotropical

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Scientific Name Status Publication Pages ModsID GoogleMaps
Paltothyreus tarsatus   Wheeler, W. M., 1922, The ants collected by the American Museum Congo Expedition., Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 45, pp. 39-269: 61-62, (download) 61-62 20597
Paltothyreus tarsatus   Forel, A., 1909, Fourmis du Musée de Bruxelles. Fourmis de Benguela récoltées par M. Creighton Wellman, et fourmis du Congo récoltées par MM. Luja, Kohl et Laurent., Annales de la Societe Entomologique de Belgique 53, pp. 51-73: 51, (download) 51 4018
Paltothyreus tarsatus   Mayr, G., 1893, Formiciden von Herrn Dr. Fr. Stuhlmann in Ost-Afrika gesammelt., Jahrbuch der Hamburgischen Wissenschaftlichen Anstalten 10, pp. 193-201: 8, (download) 8 4386
Paltothyreus tarsatus   Forel, A., 1909, Fourmis du Musée de Bruxelles. Fourmis de Benguela récoltées par M. Creighton Wellman, et fourmis du Congo récoltées par MM. Luja, Kohl et Laurent., Annales de la Societe Entomologique de Belgique 53, pp. 51-73: 64, (download) 64 4018
Paltothyreus tarsatus   Mayr, G., 1862, Myrmecologische Studien., Verhandlungen der Zoologisch-Botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien 12, pp. 649-776: 736, (download) 736 4445
Paltothyreus tarsatus   Forel, A., 1891, Histoire naturelle des Hymenopteres. Deuxieme partie: Les Formicides., Histoire Physique, Naturelle et Politique de Madagascar., Paris: L'Imprimerie Nationale, pp. 1-231: 136-137, (download) 136-137 6734
Paltothyreus tarsatus   Forel, A., 1907, Ameisen von Madagaskar, den Comoren und Ostafrika., Ameisen von Madagaskar, den Comoren und Ostafrika (Reise in Ostafrika in den Jahren 1903 - 1905 mitteln der Hermann und Elise geb. Heckmann Wentzel-Stiftung ausgeführt von Professor Dr. Alfred, pp. 75-92: 75, (download) 75 8171
Paltothyreus tarsatus   Forel, A., 1892, Liste der aus dem Somaliland von Hrn. Prof. Dr. Conr. Keller aus der Expedition des Prinzen Ruspoli im August und September 1891 zurà ¼ ckgebrachten Ameisen., Mitteilungen der Schweizerischen Entomologischen Gesellschaft 8, pp. 349-354: 352, (download) 352 3934
Paltothyreus tarsatus   Mayr, G., 1895, Afrikanische Formiciden., Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien 10, pp. 124-154: 126, (download) 126 4387
Paltothyreus tarsatus   Mayr, G., 1866, Diagnosen neuer und wenig gekannter Formiciden., Verhandlungen der Zoologisch-Botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien 16, pp. 885-908: 894, (download) 894 4366
Paltothyreus tarsatus   Santschi, F., 1914, Formicidae., Voyage de Ch. Alluaud et R. Jeannel en Afrique Orientale (1911 - 1912). Résultats scientifiques. Hyménoptères 2, pp. 41-148: 47-48, (download) 47-48 8111

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 27 times found in Primary Forest, 9 times found in Savannah, 9 times found in Gallery For., 6 times found in rainforest, open times found in savanna, 1 times found in Miombo woodland, 2 times found in Savanna, 2 times found in Prim. unlog. For., 2 times found in Frag. degr. For., 2 times found in 2° wet forest, ...

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 4 times leaf litter, 6 times Litter, 4 times Foraging ground, 2 times saw nest/nest entrance, 3 times yellow pan trap, 2 times pitfall trap, 1 times nests in sand, 1 times in soil, 1 times stray workers, 2 times sifted litter (leaf mold, rotten wood), 1 times On tree trunk, ...

Collected most commonly using these methods: 22 times Pitfall trap, 22 times Hand, 17 times Winkler, 5 times Hand collected, 6 times Pitfall, 5 times By Hand, 3 times search, 2 times hand collecting, 3 times yellow pan trap, YP 25 trap transect, 1 times Pitfall trap, 48 hours, 2 times Human dung trap, ...

Elevations: collected from 5 - 2200 meters, 447 meters average

Collect Date Range: collected between 1887-12-31 and 2019-11-11

Type specimens: Holotype of Pachycondyla simillima: casent0900680; Holotype of Ponera pestilentia: casent0900679; Holotype of Ponera spiniventris: casent0900681



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