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Species: Monomorium subopacum   (Smith, 1858) 

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Monomorium subopacum planidorsum

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2020)

Extant: 1 valid subspecies

Myrmica subopaca Smith, 1858a PDF: 127 (w.q.) PORTUGAL (Madeira Is.). Afrotropic. Primary type information: Portugal (Madeira Is.), coll. T.V. Wollaston; CASENT0010948; BMNH. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Combination in Monomorium: Mayr, 1862 PDF: 753; in Monomorium (Xeromyrmex): Wheeler, 1922: 871.
Senior synonym of Monomorium mediterraneum: Mayr, 1862 PDF: 753; Bolton, 1987 PDF: 360; of Monomorium obscuripes: Santschi, 1927e PDF: 241; of Monomorium italica: Baroni Urbani, 1968e PDF: 450; of Monomorium cabrerae, Monomorium glyciphila, Monomorium liberta, Monomorium surcoufi and material of the unavailable name Monomorium senegalensis referred here: Bolton, 1987 PDF: 360.
of Monomorium intermedium Hohmann et al., 1993: 155; of Monomorium adoneum, Monomorium apuleii, Monomorium ebraicum: Heterick, 2006 PDF: 103 (Lectotype designation).
Current subspecies: nominal plus Monomorium subopacum planidorsum.


  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Africa: Algeria, Cabo Verde, Macaronesia, Madagascar, Morocco, Reunion, Senegal, South Africa, Tunisia
    Asia: Israel, Lebanon, Oman, Saudi Arabia, Sri Lanka, United Arab Emirates
    Europe: Greece, Italy, Malta, Portugal, Spain
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Afrotropical, Indomalaya, Malagasy, Palearctic
  Native to (according to species list records):
    Afrotropical, Palearctic bioregions

Distribution Notes:

Canary Islands, Madeira,

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Scientific Name Status Publication Pages ModsID GoogleMaps
Monomorium subopacum   Mayr, G., 1862, Myrmecologische Studien., Verhandlungen der Zoologisch-Botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien 12, pp. 649-776: 753, (download) 753 4445
Monomorium (Xeromyrmex) salomonis subsp. subopacum var. liberta   Santschi, F., 1923, Descriptions de nouveaux formicides Ethiopiens et notes diverses. - I., Revue de Zoologie Africaine 11, pp. 259-295: 281, (download) 281 3603
Monomorium subopacum   Heterick, B. E., 2006, A revision of the Malagasy ants belonging to genus Monomorium Mayr, 1855 (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences 57, pp. 69-202: 103-107, (download) 103-107 21061
Monomorium subopacum   Fernández, F., 2007, Two new South American species of Monomorium Mayr with taxonomic notes on the genus., Advances in ant systematics (Hymenoptera: Formicidae): Homage to E. O. Wilson - 50 years of contributions. (Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute 80), pp. 128-145: 138, (download) 138 21280
Monomorium subopacum   Emery, C., 1893, Voyage de M. Ch. Alluaud aux iles Canaries. Formicides., Annales de la Société Entomologique de France 62, pp. 81-88: 82, (download) 82 3764
Monomorium subopacum   Espadaler, X., 2007, The ants of El Hierro (Canary Islands)., Advances in ant systematics (Hymenoptera: Formicidae): Homage to E. O. Wilson - 50 years of contributions., Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute, 80, pp. 113-127: 119, (download) 119 21278
Monomorium salomonis   Forel, A., 1890, Fourmis de Tunisie et de l'Algérie orientale., Annales de la Societe Entomologique de Belgique, Comptes-rendus des Seances 34, pp. 61-76: 75, (download) 75 3926

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 56 times found in urban/garden, 6 times found in rocky wash with Tamarix and Juniper, 2 times found in Acacia Juniper woodland, 2 times found in Rocky brush along wash, 3 times found in Bushes, 2 times found in roadside, 1 times found in park/garden, 2 times found in sandy beach area, 2 times found in Pinus halepensis+pistacea lentiscus, 1 times found in town/park/garden, ...

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 43 times ground forager(s), 17 times ground nest, 5 times under stone, 6 times on low vegetation, 3 times under rock, 5 times Foraging, 1 times ex nest in stones and sand, 1 times ex rotten log, 1 times on the path to the beach, 1 times on a wall of the Plant Protection Service, Ambatondrazaka (D.P.V.), 1 times Nido en arena, ...

Collected most commonly using these methods: 6 times water traps, 20 times Hand, 3 times Pitfall trap, 1 times pitfall traps, 1 times search, 1 times a la lumiere, 1 times Pitfall.

Elevations: collected from 1 - 1930 meters, 502 meters average

Type specimens: Holotype of Monomorium mintiribe: casent0922332; Lectotype of Monomorium mediterraneum: casent0916009; Lectotype of paraphacota surcoufi: casent0010881; paralectotype of paraphacota surcoufi: casent0010892; paratype of Monomorium mintiribe: casent0922333, casent0922334; syntype of Monomorium (Xeromyrmex) subopacum adoneum: casent0913858; syntype of Monomorium (Xeromyrmex) subopacum apuleii: casent0913859; syntype of Monomorium (Xeromyrmex) subopacum liberta: casent0913857

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