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Species: Brachyponera sennaarensis   (Mayr, 1862) 

Classification:
Download Data

See Also:

Brachyponera sennaarensis decolor, Brachyponera sennaarensis ruginota

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2020)

Extant: 2 valid subspecies

Ponera sennaarensis Mayr, 1862 PDF: 721 (w.) SUDAN. Afrotropic. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Combination in Pachycondyla: Brown, in Bolton, 1995b: 309.
Status as species: Roger, 1863b PDF: 16; Mayr, 1863a PDF: 450; Emery, 1877: 366; Mayr, 1879 PDF: 662 (in key); Emery, 1881b PDF: 528; André, 1884f: 538; Emery, 1892: 111; Emery, 1892f PDF: 557; Dalla Torre, 1893 PDF: 42; Emery, 1893h PDF: 256; Forel, 1894b PDF: 75; Mayr, 1895 PDF: 125; Emery, 1895b PDF: 177; Emery, 1895g PDF: 337; Emery, 1897f PDF: 597; Emery, 1899d PDF: 474; Mayr, 1904b PDF: 2; Forel, 1907d PDF: 5; Forel, 1907i PDF: 75; Forel, 1910c PDF: 245; Santschi, 1910c PDF: 350; Stitz, 1910: 130; Emery, 1911e PDF: 84; Karavaiev, 1911b PDF: 3; Forel, 1913a PDF: 108; Forel, 1913b PDF: 307; Forel, 1913i PDF: 347; Santschi, 1914b: 50; Santschi, 1914d PDF: 318; Arnold, 1915: 72 (redescription); Stitz, 1916: 372; Wheeler, 1922: 84, 777; Stitz, 1923: 144; Viehmeyer, 1923 PDF: 86; Menozzi, 1930b PDF: 80; Menozzi, 1931a PDF: 154; Santschi, 1933b PDF: 96; Santschi, 1935b: 261; Santschi, 1937a PDF: 49; Santschi, 1937d PDF: 215; Finzi, 1939a PDF: 154; Menozzi, 1939c: 99; Menozzi, 1942a PDF: 166; Weber, 1943d PDF: 298; Eidmann, 1944 PDF: 469; Bernard, 1950c PDF: 285; Menozzi & Consani, 1952 PDF: 60; Prins, 1963 PDF: 99; Collingwood, 1985 PDF: 240; Bolton, 1995b: 309; Collingwood & Agosti, 1996 PDF: 310; Collingwood et al., 1997 PDF: 506; Collingwood et al., 2004 PDF: 478; Paknia et al., 2008 PDF: 155; Collingwood et al., 2011 PDF: 408; Hita Garcia et al., 2013 PDF: 221; Wetterer, 2013a PDF: 13; Borowiec, 2014 PDF: 141 (see note in bibliography); Bharti et al., 2016 PDF: 49; Sharaf et al., 2017 10.1080/00222933.2016.1271157 PDF: 51; Sharaf et al., 2018 10.20362/am.010004 PDF: 33; Madl, 2019 PDF: 16.
Current subspecies: nominal plus B. s. decolor, B. s. ruginota.
// Distribution

Distribution:

  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Africa: Benin, Chad, Ethiopia, Ghana, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Mali, Mozambique, Senegal, South Africa, Sudan, Zambia, Zimbabwe
    Asia: Iran, Oman, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Yemen
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Afrotropical, Malagasy, Palearctic
  Native to (according to species list records):
    Afrotropical bioregion

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 14 times found in Cultives, 11 times found in Savannah, 3 times found in roadside desert 7pm, 7 times found in Savannah For., 2 times found in date farm, 4 times found in Lydenburgia - Euclea Open Woodland (in Sekhukhune Mountain Bushveld), 2 times found in forest edge, 1 times found in Rocky brush along wash, 4 times found in Gallery For., 4 times found in Ruderal, ...

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 9 times ground forager(s), 3 times on the ground, 1 times sitting under palm tree, 1 times ground nest, 1 times under stone, 2 times Sandy terr., 2 times on tree, 1 times Nest und. stone, 1 times Und.veg.on road border, 1 times Und. stone, 1 times Nest in soil, ...

Collected most commonly using these methods: 44 times Hand, 7 times Hand collected, 6 times Pitfall trap, 1 times light trap, 3 times search, 5 times Pitfall, 5 times Winkler, 2 times water traps, 1 times Malaise, 1 times pitfall trap, Transect 26 150m, 1 times baited pitfall, ...

Elevations: collected from 15 - 2163 meters, 485 meters average

Collect Date Range: collected between 1905-03-23 and 2019-11-06

Type specimens: syntype of Pachycondyla sennaarensis: casent0902474; syntype of Ponera sennaarensis: casent0915669; type of Euponera (Brachyponera) sennaarensis var. gibbonota: focol0971; type of Euponera (Brachyponera) sennaarensis var. recticephala: focol0972, focol0973, focol0974; type of Ponera sorghi: focol0975



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