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Species: Pheidole schmalzi   Emery, 1894 

Classification:
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Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2022)

Pheidole dimidiata var. schmalzi Emery, 1894d PDF: 161 (s.w.) BRAZIL (Santa Catarina). Neotropic. Primary type information: Primary type material: lectotype major worker (by designation of Wilson, 2003a: 504). Primary type locality: lectotype Brazil: Santa Catarina, Joinville (Schmalz). Primary type depository: MSNG. Secondary type information: Secondary type material: paralectotype worker (caste not stated). Secondary type locality: same as for lectotype. Secondary type depository: MSNG. Type notes: Wilson, 2003a: 504 (in text) says, “Lectotype and paralectotype of Pheidole schmalzi: MSNG”. Caste of the lectotype is not stated, and is here assumed to be the major. Original description indicated syntype major workers, syntype minor workers (numbers not stated). AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Lectotype designation: Wilson, 2003a: 504.
Status as species: Wilson, 2003a: 504 (redescription).
Senior synonym of Pheidole rata: Wilson, 2003a: 504.
Senior synonym of Pheidole rehi: Wilson, 2003a: 504.
// Distribution

Distribution:

  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Americas: Bolivia, Brazil, Venezuela
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Neotropical

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Treatment Citation: Wilson, E. O., 2003, Pheidole in the New World. A dominant, hyperdiverse ant genus., Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press

Pheidole schmalzi EmeryHNS, new status

Pheidole dimidiata var. schmalzi EmeryHNS 1894d: 161. Syn.: Pheidole rehiHNS Forel 1900h: 285, n. syn. Pheidole rataHNS Borgmeier 1929: 206, n. syn.

Types Lectotype and paralectotype of schmalziHNS: Mus. Civ. Hist. Nat. Genova.

Etymology Named after the collector "Signor Schmalz."

diagnosis A medium-sized reddish yellow to brown member of the flavensHNS group; both major and minor are immediately recognizable by the large, "sharkfin" shape of the humerus in dorsal-oblique view, meaning that the anterior margin is straight and the posterior margin convex in profile, tipped with an acute or right angle. Very similar to anguliferaHNS, and in varying degree also to arhuacaHNS, caulicolaHNS, chalcaHNS, chalcoidesHNS, mincanaHNS, saganaHNS, tambopataeHNS, and tragicaHNS in overall appearance but distinctive in the humeral shape and other traits in body shape, sculpture, pilosity, and color.

Measurements (mm) Lectotype major: HW 0.94, HL 0.94, SL 0.46, EL 0.10, PW 0.48. Paralectotype minor: HW 0.50, HL 0.54, SL 0.58, EL 0.08, PW 0.34.

color Lectotype major of schmalziHNS: body and appendages light brown, waist and gaster dark brown ( rehiHNS syntype major is yellowish brown; rataHNS syntype major is light reddish yellow).

Paralectotype minors of schmalziHNS: body light to medium brown, appendages light brown.

Syntype minors of synonymous rehiHNS and rataHNS: light brown.

Range Santa Catarina and Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; Bolivia; Venezuela.

Biology Unknown.

figure Upper: major (syntype of synonymous P. rataHNS Borgmeier). Lower: minor (syntype of synonymous P. rataHNS Borgmeier). BRAZIL: Petropolis, Rio de Janeiro, type locality of synonymous P. rataHNS. (Type locality of schmalziHNS: Joinville, Santa Catarina, Brazil.) Scale bars = 1 mm.

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 2 times d' Orchidees imp à Hamburg.

Type specimens: Lectotype of Pheidole dimidiata schmalzi: casent0904430; Lectotype of Pheidole rehi: casent0908265; paralectotype of Pheidole dimidiata schmalzi: casent0904431; paralectotype of Pheidole rehi: casent0908266; syntype of Pheidole rata: casent0913412, casent0913413



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