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Species: Iridomyrmex purpureus   (Smith, 1858) 

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See Also:

Iridomyrmex purpureus_cf

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2021)

Formica purpurea Smith, 1858a PDF: 40 (w.) AUSTRALIA. Australasia. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Lowne, 1865a PDF: 275 (m.); Imai et al., 1977 PDF: 345 (k.)
Combination in Iridomyrmex: Mayr, 1862 PDF: 702
Senior synonym of Iridomyrmex detectus: Lowne, 1865a PDF: 275.
Senior synonym of Iridomyrmex smithii: Mayr, 1870b PDF: 955.
Senior synonym of Iridomyrmex aeneum: Mayr, 1876 PDF: 81.
Senior synonym of Iridomyrmex horni: Clark, 1930c PDF: 20; Shattuck, 1993a PDF: 128.
// Distribution


  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Oceania: Australia
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 16 times found in Mallee, 11 times found in Dry sclerophyll, 6 times found in grazed Euc. dieback area, 3 times found in Mulga, 3 times found in urban parkland, 3 times found in Black Box, 3 times found in wet sclerophyll, 3 times found in Saltbush, 3 times found in Savanna, 3 times found in Riparian woodland, ...

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 9 times small nest, 8 times large nest, 11 times ground strays, 5 times On ground, 7 times ground foragers, 3 times Ground nest, 3 times trunk strays, 3 times tending J.lithochroa, 3 times stray ground foragers, 3 times Nest series, 3 times Limestone path, ...

Collected most commonly using these methods: 10 times Pitfall, 3 times Pitfalls, 1 times By hand, 3 times direct collection, 2 times malaise trap, 2 times at light, 2 times Malaise, 1 times 2 m Townes malaise, 1 times 9pm, 1 times Swept, 1 times ex black box flight intercept, ...

Elevations: collected from 6 - 1167 meters, 362 meters average

Collect Date Range: collected between 1904-07-31 and 2017-01-05

Type specimens: Holotype of Iridomyrmex purpureus: casent0172039; paralectotype of Camponotus horni: casent0903079; paratype of Iridomyrmex purpureus: casent0172040; syntype of Iridomyrmex detectus castrae: casent0909519; type of Iridomyrmex detectus castrae: focol2826, focol2827; unpublished name: Iridomyrmex detectus rufoaeneus: casent0909520

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