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Species: Forelius pruinosus   (Roger, 1863) 

Classification:
Download Data

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2020)

Tapinoma pruinosum Roger, 1863a PDF: 165 (w.) CUBA. Neotropic. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Combination in Iridomyrmex: Wheeler, 1913b PDF: 497.
Subspecies of Tapinoma anale: Emery, 1913a PDF: 26.
Status as species: Roger, 1863b PDF: 14; Mayr, 1863a PDF: 455; Dalla Torre, 1893 PDF: 166; Emery, 1895d PDF: 333; Wheeler, 1905c PDF: 110; Wheeler, 1905j PDF: 389; Wheeler, 1910a PDF: 569; Emery, 1913a PDF: 42; Wheeler, 1913b PDF: 497; Wheeler, 1913d PDF: 116; Santschi, 1930e PDF: 81; Smith, 1930a PDF: 5; Wheeler, 1932a PDF: 12; Wheeler, 1934g PDF: 178; Cole, 1936a PDF: 37; Cole, 1937b PDF: 136; Cole, 1942 PDF: 373; Creighton, 1950a PDF: 342; Smith, 1951c PDF: 836; Smith, 1958c PDF: 140; Carter, 1962a PDF: 7 (in list); Smith, 1967a PDF: 364; Kempf, 1972b PDF: 126; Alayo, 1974 PDF: 42; Yensen et al., 1977 PDF: 183; Smith, 1979: 1419; Snelling & George, 1979: 166; Petralia & Vinson, 1980 PDF: 386; Dlussky, 1981b PDF: 48; Allred, 1982: 478; Wheeler & Wheeler, 1986g PDF: 57; DuBois & LaBerge, 1988: 144; Deyrup et al., 1989 PDF: 99; Shattuck, 1994 PDF: 95; Bolton, 1995b: 190; Cuezzo, 2000 PDF: 261 (redescription); Mackay & Mackay, 2002 PDF: 258; Deyrup, 2003 PDF: 45; Ward, 2005 PDF: 9; Coovert, 2005 PDF: 108; Guerrero & Fernández, 2008 PDF: 57; Branstetter et al., 2012 PDF: 254; Deyrup, 2017: 170; Guerrero, 2019 PDF: 710.
// Distribution

Distribution:

  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Americas: Bahamas, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, El Salvador, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, United States
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Nearctic, Neotropical

Distribution Notes:

NEARCTIC: Cuba, USA (CA)

Biology:

Grassland or very open woodland with bare ground exposed, occasionally ruderal. Nests in soil or under rocks

Comments:

Snelling list recognizes F. analis (André 1893) as distinct from F. pruinosus, and lists both from California (as does Cuezzo, 2000).

Notes:

Established

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Scientific Name Status Publication Pages ModsID GoogleMaps
Forelius pruinosus   Guerrero, R. J. & Fernández, F., 2008, A new species of the ant genus Forelius (Formicidae: Dolichoderinae) from the dry forest of Colombia., Zootaxa 1958, pp. 51-60: 57-59, (download) 57-59 22407
Forelius pruinosus   Ward, P. S., 2005, A synoptic review of the ants of California (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 936, pp. 1-68: -1, (download) -1 21008

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 43 times found in pine/oak dune woodland, 5 times found in desert, 11 times found in xerophyl scrub, 21 times found in on trail in pine/oak dune woodland, nest in soil, 19 times found in xeric dune scrub, 19 times found in nest in sand near turkey oak/longleaf pine, 0 times found in scrub/dune habitat, 14 times found in in sandy open area with longleaf pine & turkey oak, 7 times found in desert scrub, 11 times found in turkey/oak sandhill scrub, nest in sand, ...

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 13 times under stone, 12 times under rock, 5 times nest under rock, 3 times at bait, 5 times nest in soil, 5 times ground nest, 3 times ground forager(s), 5 times ground forager, 3 times pitfall trap, 2 times stray foragers, 3 times ground foragers, ...

Collected most commonly using these methods: 30 times search, 19 times hand collecting, 33 times malaise trap, 16 times pitfall, 18 times direct collection, 5 times pitfall trap, 5 times general collecting, 2 times bait, 4 times peanut butter bait, 1 times beat sheet, 3 times hand collection, ...

Elevations: collected from 1 - 2438 meters, 1188 meters average

Collect Date Range: collected between 1929-09-11 and 2020-06-05

Type specimens: not part of type series: casent0915583; syntype of Tapinoma anale: casent0922449



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