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Species: Formica pratensis   Retzius, 1783 

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See Also:

Formica pratensis nuda, Formica pratensis rufoides, Formica pratensis staerckei

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2020)

Extant: 3 valid subspecies

Formica pratensis Retzius, 1783 PDF: 75 (w.) NO LOCALITY GIVEN. Afrotropic. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Forel, 1874 PDF: 52 (q.m.).
Senior synonym of Formica nigricans (and its junior synonyms Formica cordieri, Formica pratensoides, Formica thyssei): Dlussky, 1967a PDF: 84; Kutter, 1977c: 272; Seifert, 1992a PDF: 225.
Senior synonym of Formica rufa grouvellei: Seifert, 1996a PDF: 200.
// Distribution


  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Europe: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, France, Germany, Greece, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Russia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Afrotropical, Palearctic

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Scientific Name Status Publication Pages ModsID GoogleMaps
Formica pratensis   Forel, A., 1904, Note sur les fourmis du Musée Zoologique de l'Académie Impériale des Sciences à St. Pétersbourg., Yezhegodnik Zoologicheskogo Muzeya Imperatorskoi Akademii Nauk 8, pp. 368-388: 18, (download) 18 3994
Formica pratensis   Collingwood, C. A., 1979, The Formicidae (Hymenoptera) of Fennoscandia and Denmark., Fauna Entomologica Scandinavica 8, pp. 1-174: 152-153, (download) 152-153 6175

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 164 times found in Unknown, 124 times found in heathlands, 31 times found in Forest, 23 times found in Anthropogenic, 17 times found in dry grassland, 13 times found in Rocks (rocky-calcareous grasslands), 9 times found in dunes & inland dunes, 6 times found in shrubs, 5 times found in Wet grassland, 4 times found in xerothermous open grassland, sand, ...

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 4 times Forrajeando, 3 times on the ground, 3 times thatched nest, 2 times nido, 2 times nest mound, 2 times tending aphids on yarrow, 1 times Sobre Salix sp., 1 times Sobre Rosa canina, 1 times Sobre Quercus pirenaica, 1 times Sobre Cyrsium vulgare, 1 times Sobre ?, ...

Collected most commonly using these methods: 190 times Pitfall trap, 83 times Manual catch, 16 times Hand, 15 times search, 3 times Malaise trap, 2 times beating, 2 times insect net, 1 times Color trap.

Elevations: collected from 92 - 2200 meters, 1009 meters average

Collect Date Range: collected between 1870-06-15 and 2020-03-19

Type specimens: syntype of Formica pratensis cordieri: casent0915374; type of Formica cordieri: antweb1008390

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