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Species: Formicoxenus nitidulus   (Nylander, 1846) 

Classification:
Download Data

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2021)

Myrmica nitidula Nylander, 1846b PDF: 1058 (w.) FINLAND. Palearctic. Primary type information: Type-material: holotype worker. Type-locality: Finland: Helsingfors (= Helsinki) (F.W. Maeklin). Type-depository: ZMHF. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Nylander, 1849 PDF: 34 (q.); Mayr, 1855 PDF: 419 (m.).
Combination in Formicoxenus: Mayr, 1855 PDF: 418.
Junior synonym of Stenamma westwoodii: Smith, 1871c: 4; André, 1874c: 203 (in list); Forel, 1874 PDF: 102 (in list); Emery & Forel, 1879 PDF: 456.
Status as species: Nylander, 1849 PDF: 34; Foerster, 1850a: 55; Mayr, 1855 PDF: 418 (redescription); Nylander, 1856b PDF: 94; Smith, 1857b PDF: 40; Smith, 1858a PDF: 121; Meinert, 1861 PDF: 328; André, 1882d PDF: 273 (in key); André, 1885d PDF: 844; Forel, 1886h PDF: 131; Nasonov, 1889: 28; Lameere, 1892: 66; Dalla Torre, 1893 PDF: 62; Wasmann, 1894: 162; Emery, 1895d PDF: 271; Ruzsky, 1896 PDF: 71; Saunders, 1896 PDF: 31; Wheeler, 1900c PDF: 48; Wheeler, 1901c PDF: 536; Ruzsky, 1902d PDF: 20; Ruzsky, 1902e PDF: 16; Ruzsky, 1905b: 551; Viehmeyer, 1906 PDF: 56; Wasmann, 1906 PDF: 120; Emery, 1908g PDF: 551; Bondroit, 1910 PDF: 499; Stitz, 1914 PDF: 66; Forel, 1915d: 18 (in key); Donisthorpe, 1915f: 83; Emery, 1916a PDF: 190; Ruzsky, 1916: 6; Escherich, 1917: 325; Bondroit, 1918 PDF: 141; Müller, 1921 PDF: 48; Soudek, 1922b PDF: 31; Müller, 1923b PDF: 99; Emery, 1924f PDF: 265; Ruzsky, 1925a PDF: 289; Ruzsky, 1925b PDF: 45; Betrem, 1926 PDF: 218; Stärcke, 1926a PDF: 84 (in key); Donisthorpe, 1927c: 89; Karavaiev, 1927a PDF: 293; Karavaiev, 1927d: 268 (in key); Lomnicki, 1928 PDF: 5; Kuznetsov-Ugamsky, 1929a PDF: 30; Kuznetsov-Ugamsky, 1929b PDF: 43; Gösswald, 1932 PDF: 96; Arnol'di, 1933a: 598 (in key); Karavaiev, 1934: 147 (redescription); Grandi, 1935 PDF: 101; Ruzsky, 1936 PDF: 93; Holgersen, 1940 PDF: 183; Novák & Sadil, 1941 PDF: 84 (in key); Holgersen, 1942b PDF: 7; Holgersen, 1944a PDF: 168; Ruzsky, 1946 PDF: 70; Van Boven, 1947b PDF: 172 (in key); Dlussky, 1963a PDF: 191 (in key); Bernard, 1967a PDF: 225 (redescription); Kutter, 1968b PDF: 60; Collingwood & Yarrow, 1969 PDF: 73; Baroni Urbani, 1971c PDF: 132; Collingwood, 1971 PDF: 160; Bolton & Collingwood, 1975: 3 (in key); Pisarski, 1975: 24; Van Boven, 1977 PDF: 85; Kutter, 1977c: 144; Arnol'di & Dlussky, 1978: 544 (in key); Collingwood, 1978 PDF: 76 (in key); Collingwood, 1979 PDF: 78; Francoeur et al., 1985 PDF: 380 (redescription); Agosti & Collingwood, 1987a PDF: 55; Agosti & Collingwood, 1987b PDF: 266 (in key); Nilsson & Douwes, 1987: 58; Radchenko, 1994b: 111 (in key); Bolton, 1995b: 207; Douwes, 1995: 90; Poldi et al., 1995: 5; Espadaler, 1997g PDF: 29; Gallé et al., 1998: 215; Czechowski et al., 2002 PDF: 39; Markó & Csosz, 2002 PDF: 115; Schulz & Sanetra, 2002 PDF: 159; Csosz & Markó, 2005 PDF: 239; Bračko, 2006 PDF: 136; Markó et al., 2006 PDF: 69; Petrov, 2006 PDF: 85 (in key); Bračko, 2007 PDF: 17; Seifert, 2007: 230; Radchenko, 2007 PDF: 32; Werner & Wiezik, 2007 PDF: 140; Zryanin & Zryanina, 2007 PDF: 231; Casevitz-Weulersse & Galkowski, 2009 PDF: 488; Lapeva-Gjonova et al., 2010 PDF: 19; Boer, 2010: 47; Csosz et al., 2011 PDF: 57; Legakis, 2011 PDF: 16; Borowiec & Salata, 2012 PDF: 497; Czechowski et al., 2012: 125; Kiran & Karaman, 2012 PDF: 19; Borowiec, 2014 PDF: 80; Lebas et al., 2016: 278; Radchenko, 2016: 200; Steiner et al., 2017: 10; Salata & Borowiec, 2018c 10.5281/zenodo.2199191 PDF: 45; Seifert, 2018: 198; Werner et al., 2018 PDF: 7.
Material of the nomen nudum Myrmica lucidula Smith, 1857 referred here by Donisthorpe, 1915f: 83; Emery, 1924f PDF: 265; Donisthorpe, 1927c: 89; Francoeur et al., 1985 PDF: 380; Bolton, 1995b: 207.
// Distribution

Distribution:

  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Europe: Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, Germany, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Spain, Sweden
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Palearctic

Distribution Notes:

W, Centr. & E SLO

Biology:

Xenobiotic, in nests of Formica rufa and F. pratensis

Notes:

(Dutch vernacular name: glanzende gastmier)

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Treatment Citation: Collingwood, C. A., 1979, The Formicidae (Hymenoptera) of Fennoscandia and Denmark., Fauna Entomologica Scandinavica 8, pp. 1-174

24. Formicoxenus nitidulusHNS (Nylander, 1846)

Figs. 102, 103.

Myrmica nitidula NylanderHNS, 1946b: 1056.

Worker. Reddish yellow to brown: whole surface of body smooth and shining with scattered acute pale hairs. Antennal club 3 segmented as long as rest of funiculus; propodeal spines short, set horizontally. Length: 2.8-3.4 mm.

Queen. Very like the worker, somewhat darker; eyes larger and ocelli present. Forewings with 1 cubital cell and 1 discoidal cell with open radial cell. Length: 3.4-3.6 mm.

Male. Worker like but with additional antennal and gaster segments; ocelli present. Antennae with funiculus relatively longer, terminating in 4 segmented club. Length: 2.8-3.2 mm.

Distribution. Throughout Denmark and Fennoscandia; local in England and Scotland. - Range: Spain to Eastern Siberia, North Italy to latitude 70° N.

Biology. This ant occurs only in the nests of Formica rufaHNS and allied mound building species. It is ignored by its host among which the inquiline species moves freely. Individual nests contain only a few individuals, up to about 100, but often several nests are present within one mound of the host. Nests are located in fragments of wood, hollow twigs, bases of old bracken stems and in the earth floor of the FormicaHNS mound. Intermediate forms between queen and worker are common and individuals normally remain concealed within the nests but may wander on the mound surface on warm dull days. It is not known to feed on the FormicaHNS brood but in captivity will destroy LeptothoraxHNS larvae. Males and winged females may be found during July and August, mating occurring on the surface of the FormicaHNS mound.

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 12 times found in Unknown, 1 times found in Pinusmugo+prado, 1 times found in closed forest, 1 times found in heathlands, 1 times found in mixed forest, 1 times found in pine forest.

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 1 times Log into Formica nest, 2 times Formica polyctena nest, 1 times mound, forest edge.

Collected most commonly using these methods: 1 times hand collection, 4 times Manual catch, 3 times search, 1 times Hand, 1 times Pitfall trap.

Elevations: collected from 1650 - 1910 meters, 1877 meters average

Collect Date Range: collected between 1905-04-01 and 2017-06-22

Type specimens: Nontype: casent0745166, casent0745167, casent0745168, casent0745169, casent0745170; type of Myrmica nitidula: focol2046



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