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Species: Tapinoma nigerrimum   (Nylander, 1856) 

Classification:
Download Data

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2020)

Formica nigerrima Nylander, 1856b PDF: 71 (w.) FRANCE. Palearctic. Primary type information: Neotype (designated by Seifert et al., 2017: 126), major worker, Prades-le-Lez - 1.5 SE, 88 m, France, 43.6843°N 3.8763°E, 30 April 2012, Kaufmann, SMN Görlitz; Neotype is top specimen on a pin with four workers. The neotype nest sample totals 18 males, 2 gynes, and 24 workers. Monodomous colony.Seifert et al. (2017) - As types are not present in the Nylander collection in Helsinki, a neotype was fixed. The descriptive statements in the original description allow to conclude on a Tapinoma nigerrimum complex species but not which of the four cryptic species Nylander could have seen. Yet, the type locality "Locus aridis prope Monspelium" (Dry locality near Montpellier) gives an indication. Accordingly, we fixed a neotype in the species accounting for any of the nine Tapinoma nigerrimum complex colonies found within a radius of less than 20 km around Montpellier under exclusion of the immediate shore line. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

[Unresolved junior primary homonym of Lasius nigerrimus (Christ, 1791) (Bolton, 1995b: 401).].
Combination in Tapinoma: Mayr, 1861 PDF: 41 (in key).
Subspecies of Tapinoma erraticum: Emery, 1878: 49; Emery & Forel, 1879 PDF: 454; Emery, 1880 PDF: 391; André, 1882c PDF: 223; Forel, 1886e PDF: clxvii; Nasonov, 1889: 27; Emery, 1891c: 15; Emery, in Dalla Torre, 1893 PDF: 164 (footnote); Medina, 1893 PDF: 105; Forel, 1894d PDF: 13; Forel, 1895e PDF: 227, 233; Forel, 1902a PDF: 154; Forel, 1904c PDF: 376; Forel, 1904d PDF: 12; Ruzsky, 1905b: 478; Forel, 1907h PDF: 15; Karavaiev, 1911a PDF: 41; Forel, 1911f PDF: 350; Krausse, 1912c PDF: 165; Karavaiev, 1912a PDF: 15; Emery, 1913a PDF: 40; Emery, 1914c PDF: 158; Emery, 1915f PDF: 1; Emery, 1916a PDF: 215; Wheeler & Mann, 1916 PDF: 172; Emery, 1916a PDF: 215; Stitz, 1917 PDF: 347; Crawley, 1920a PDF: 166; Menozzi, 1921 PDF: 32; Kuznetsov-Ugamsky, 1923b PDF: 251; Müller, 1923b PDF: 111; Ruzsky, 1923: 3; Emery, 1924a PDF: 8; Emery, 1924c PDF: 170; Finzi, 1924a PDF: 14; Wheeler, 1926a PDF: 5; Kutter, 1928: 66; Ceballos, 1956: 310; Tohmé & Tohmé, 2014 PDF: 137 (error).
Status as species: Emery, 1869b PDF: 10; Forel, 1876 PDF: 61; Mayr, 1877a: 11; Mayr, 1880 PDF: 30; Costa, 1883: 60; Emery, 1884: 377; Forel, 1890b PDF: lxviii; Dalla Torre, 1893 PDF: 166; Ruzsky, 1902d PDF: 20; Bondroit, 1918 PDF: 89; Emery, 1925b PDF: 46 (redescription); Donisthorpe, 1926b PDF: 17; Donisthorpe, 1927a PDF: 7; Kuznetsov-Ugamsky, 1927d PDF: 36; Menozzi, 1927b PDF: 91; Finzi, 1930b PDF: 16; Finzi, 1930d PDF: 316; Santschi, 1931a: 10; Santschi, 1932e PDF: 70; Santschi, 1932h PDF: 4; Grandi, 1935 PDF: 102; Zimmermann, 1935 PDF: 43; Santschi, 1936c PDF: 205; Santschi, 1939c PDF: 4; Athias-Henriot, 1947 PDF: 249; Consani & Zangheri, 1952 PDF: 42; Weber, 1952c PDF: 18; Baroni Urbani, 1964a PDF: 6; Cagniant, 1964 PDF: 90; Cagniant, 1966b PDF: 280; Bernard, 1967a PDF: 258 (redescription); Baroni Urbani, 1968e PDF: 476; Cagniant, 1968a PDF: 145; Collingwood & Yarrow, 1969 PDF: 76; Cagniant, 1970c PDF: 28; Hamann & Klemm, 1976 PDF: 673; Kutter, 1977c: 181; Collingwood, 1978 PDF: 87 (in key); Schembri & Collingwood, 1981 PDF: 423; Casevitz-Weulersse, 1990c PDF: 425; Le Moli & Rosi, 1991: 34; Shattuck, 1994 PDF: 150; Poldi et al., 1995: 6; Espadaler, 1997g PDF: 27; Collingwood & Prince, 1998: 20 (in key); Bračko, 2006 PDF: 144; Cagniant, 2006 PDF: 194; Casevitz-Weulersse & Galkowski, 2009 PDF: 478; Karaman, 2011b PDF: 65; Borowiec & Salata, 2012 PDF: 538; Kiran & Karaman, 2012 PDF: 4; Seifert, 2012a PDF: 145; Berville et al., 2013 PDF: 79; Borowiec, 2014 PDF: 168; Bračko et al., 2014 PDF: 18; Lebas et al., 2016: 118; Seifert et al., 2017 PDF: 126.
// Distribution

Distribution:

  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Africa: Morocco
    Europe: Croatia, France, Greece, Italy, Malta, Portugal, Spain
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Palearctic

Distribution Notes:

Coastal CRO

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 8 times found in Cultives, 8 times found in Ruderal, 4 times found in Urbano, 3 times found in Pinar, 3 times found in Jardín, 3 times found in Ruderal, Cultives, 2 times found in Pinus halepensis+pistacea lentiscus, 2 times found in anthropogenic, 2 times found in Plantación palmeras, 2 times found in Swimming pool, ...

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 17 times Foraging, 3 times nest under stone, 4 times Nbp, 3 times on ground, 3 times Forrajeando, 3 times foraging on the ground, 2 times Open nest in ground, 2 times Forrajenado, 1 times Flying, 1 times Corriendo sobre pavimento cerca cesped, 1 times Borde acequia, ...

Collected most commonly using these methods: 61 times Hand, 12 times search, 2 times pitfall.

Elevations: collected from 1 - 2250 meters, 720 meters average

Collect Date Range: collected between 1955-04-21 and 2017-09-04

Type specimens: Lectotype of Tapinoma magnum: casent0915547; neotype of Tapinoma nigerrimum: antweb1041293; paralectotype of Tapinoma magnum: antweb1038036; syntype of Tapinoma nigerrima ibericum: casent0911578; type: antweb1008477



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