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Species: Leptothorax muscorum   (Nylander, 1846) 

Classification:
Download Data

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2020)

Myrmica muscorum Nylander, 1846b PDF: 1054 (w.q.m.) FINLAND. Palearctic. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Combination in Leptothorax: Mayr, 1855 PDF: 439.
Combination in Mychothorax: Bondroit, 1920a PDF: 153.
Status as species: Foerster, 1850a: 59; Mayr, 1855 PDF: 439 (redescription); Nylander, 1856b PDF: 90; Gredler, 1858 PDF: 25; Smith, 1858a PDF: 118; Mayr, 1861 PDF: 58 (in key); Roger, 1863b PDF: 26; Mayr, 1863a PDF: 427; Dours, 1873 PDF: 168; André, 1874b: 189 (in key); André, 1883a: 294 (in key); Nasonov, 1889: 31; Dalla Torre, 1893 PDF: 125; Emery, 1895d PDF: 318; Wheeler, 1901c PDF: 519; Ruzsky, 1902d PDF: 21; Ruzsky, 1903c PDF: 207; Ruzsky, 1905b: 616; Wasmann, 1906 PDF: 119 (in key); Bondroit, 1910 PDF: 497; Karavaiev, 1912b PDF: 582; Stitz, 1914 PDF: 62; Forel, 1915d: 26 (in key); Emery, 1916a PDF: 176; Karavaiev, 1916a PDF: 503; Ruzsky, 1916: 6; Wheeler, 1917a PDF: 511; Bondroit, 1918 PDF: 121; Bondroit, 1920a PDF: 153; Ruzsky, 1920 PDF: 77; Müller, 1923b PDF: 88 (in key); Emery, 1924f PDF: 262; Menozzi, 1925d PDF: 33; Ruzsky, 1925b PDF: 45; Stärcke, 1926a PDF: 93 (in key); Lomnicki, 1928 PDF: 5; Karavaiev, 1931c PDF: 107; Karavaiev, 1931e PDF: 212; Arnol'di, 1933a: 598 (in key); Karavaiev, 1934: 145 (redescription); Grandi, 1935 PDF: 101; Ruzsky, 1936 PDF: 94; Novák, in Novák & Sadil, 1941 PDF: 89 (in key); Holgersen, 1943c PDF: 172 (in key); Holgersen, 1944a PDF: 172; Novák, in Kratochvíl et al., 1944 PDF: 112; Ruzsky, 1946 PDF: 70; Van Boven, 1947b PDF: 178 (in key); Röszler, 1950 PDF: 225; Brown, 1955a PDF: 47; Bernard, 1956a PDF: 161; Smith, 1958c PDF: 134; Buschinger, 1966c PDF: 165; Francoeur & Béique, 1966a PDF: 142; Beck et al., 1967: 71; Bernard, 1967a PDF: 200 (redescription); Smith, 1967a PDF: 360; Kutter, 1968b: 60; Collingwood & Yarrow, 1969 PDF: 69; Pisarski, 1969a PDF: 229; Pisarski, 1969b: 297; Dlussky & Pisarski, 1970 PDF: 86; Baroni Urbani, 1971c PDF: 99; Collingwood, 1971 PDF: 160; Banert & Pisarski, 1972 PDF: 351; Hunt & Snelling, 1975 PDF: 22; Pisarski, 1975: 23; Aktaç, 1977 PDF: 122; Van Boven, 1977 PDF: 101; Francoeur, 1977b PDF: 207; Kutter, 1977c: 130; Yensen et al., 1977 PDF: 183; Collingwood, 1978 PDF: 83 (in key); Arnol'di & Dlussky, 1978: 543 (in key); Wheeler & Wheeler, 1978b PDF: 391; Collingwood, 1979 PDF: 72; Smith, 1979: 1397; Pisarski & Krzysztofiak, 1981 PDF: 157; Espadaler & Collingwood, 1982 PDF: 41; Allred, 1982: 484; Kupyanskaya, 1986b PDF: 96; Wheeler & Wheeler, 1986g PDF: 53; Agosti & Collingwood, 1987a PDF: 55; Agosti & Collingwood, 1987b PDF: 273 (in key); Nilsson & Douwes, 1987: 60; MacKay et al., 1988: 90; Loiselle et al., 1990 PDF: 323; Kupyanskaya, 1990a: 139; Atanassov & Dlussky, 1992: 132; Blacker, 1992 PDF: 7; Arakelian, 1994 PDF: 55; Radchenko, 1994b: 111 (in key); Radchenko, 1994e PDF: 147 (in key); Wheeler et al., 1994 PDF: 303; Bolton, 1995b: 241; Douwes, 1995: 89; Poldi et al., 1995: 4; Radchenko, 1995a: 25; Gallé et al., 1998: 215; Czechowski et al., 2002 PDF: 42; Mackay & Mackay, 2002 PDF: 129; Bolton, 2003 PDF: 270; Radchenko, 2004 PDF: 130; Coovert, 2005 PDF: 79; Bračko, 2006 PDF: 136; Markó et al., 2006 PDF: 69; Petrov, 2006 PDF: 95 (in key); Bračko, 2007 PDF: 17; Seifert, 2007: 225; Radchenko, 2007 PDF: 31; Werner & Wiezik, 2007 PDF: 140; Zryanin & Zryanina, 2007 PDF: 231; Gratiashvili & Barjadze, 2008 PDF: 139; Casevitz-Weulersse & Galkowski, 2009 PDF: 488; Lapeva-Gjonova et al., 2010 PDF: 20; Boer, 2010: 50; Csosz et al., 2011 PDF: 57; Legakis, 2011 PDF: 16; Karaman, 2011b PDF: 27; Borowiec & Salata, 2012 PDF: 510; Czechowski et al., 2012: 132; Guénard & Dunn, 2012 PDF: 44; Kiran & Karaman, 2012 PDF: 19; Borowiec, 2014 PDF: 99; Lebas et al., 2016: 284; Radchenko, 2016: 210; Salata & Borowiec, 2018c 10.5281/zenodo.2199191 PDF: 46; Seifert, 2018: 192; Schär et al., 2018 10.1111/jbi.13380 PDF: 6.
Material of the unavailable name Leptothorax muscorum uvicensis referred here (not previously recorded).
// Distribution

Distribution:

  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Americas: Canada, United States
    Europe: Belgium, Czech Republic, Finland, Netherlands, Norway, Russia, Spain
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Nearctic, Palearctic

Distribution Notes:

Alpine & Dinaric SLO

Biology:

Open forests, alpine grasslands

Notes:

(Dutch vernacular name: mosslankmier)

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Treatment Citation: Collingwood, C. A., 1979, The Formicidae (Hymenoptera) of Fennoscandia and Denmark., Fauna Entomologica Scandinavica 8, pp. 1-174

18. Leptothorax muscorumHNS (Nylander, 1846) Figs. 93-95.

Myrmica muscorum NylanderHNS, 1846b: 1054.

Worker. Pale brown to brown with antennal clubs and head often slightly darker. Propodeal spines short but distinct. General appearance more slender than L. acervorumHNS. Head striate, alitrunk rugose and gaster smooth. Appendage hairs few and adpressed. Clypeus in some Scandinavian series have a distinct median concavity as described for L. gredleri MayrHNS (Buschinger, 1966) but they are not otherwise different from the typical species. Length: 2.4-3.2 mm. Queen. As worker, normally darker. Length: 2.7-3.2 mm.

Male. Brownish black; occasional semi-erect hairs on tibiae but much shorter and less profuse than in L. acervorumHNS. Antennae 12 segmented with very short scape.

Distribution. South to Central Fennoscandia not uncommon, till about latitude 63°. Local in Denmark. Absent from British Isles. - Range: Appenines to Central Scandinavia and Pyrenees to Urals, not found in British Isles but common in continental Europe.

Biology. This species is similar to L. acervorumHNS but smaller and more slender. In Scandinavia, it Ls restricted to sheltered valleys in woodland areas where it nests in stony banks, tree stumps or under bark. Its habits are similar to those of L. acervorumHNS with small colonies having one or occasionally two queens. Males and alate queens are found in July and August.

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 62 times found in Unknown, 36 times found in Aspen forest, 27 times found in heathlands, 17 times found in spruce-fir forest, 16 times found in Mixed montane forest, 12 times found in Tundra heath, 11 times found in Meadow, 10 times found in Lodgepole pine forest, 9 times found in Aspen-lodgepole pine forest, 8 times found in Spruce-tamarack forest, ...

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 36 times under rock, 17 times log stage 4, 14 times log stage 3, 10 times log stage 2, 5 times log stage 5, 4 times under wood, 3 times rotting stump, 3 times log stage 3 in meadow, 3 times dead stick, 2 times under exfoliated rock, 2 times stump, log stage 2, ...

Collected most commonly using these methods: 43 times Pitfall trap, 7 times Manual catch, 1 times Hand, 1 times Malaise trap, 1 times pitfall, 1 times search.

Elevations: collected from 30 - 3810 meters, 2488 meters average

Collect Date Range: collected between 1910-06-25 and 2016-06-21

Type specimens:



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