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Genus: Linepithema   Mayr, 1866 


Current Valid Name:

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2023)

Extant: 21 valid species

Linepithema Mayr, 1866a PDF: 496. Type-species: Linepithema fuscum, by monotypy. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Linepithema in Dolichoderidae: Ashmead, 1905c PDF: 384.
Linepithema in Dolichoderinae, Dolichoderini: Emery, 1913a PDF: 14; Forel, 1917 PDF: 247; all subsequent authors to the following.
Genus Linepithema references
Dalla Torre, 1893 PDF: 170 (catalogue); Emery, 1913a PDF: 15 (diagnosis, catalogue); Kempf, 1972b PDF: 135 (Neotropical catalogue); Dlussky & Fedoseeva, 1988: 78 (synoptic classification); Brandão, 1991 PDF: 354 (catalogue); Shattuck, 1992a PDF: 16 (diagnosis); Shattuck, 1992c PDF: 114 (diagnosis, review of genus); Shattuck, 1994 PDF: 122 (catalogue); Bolton, 1994: 26 (synoptic classification); Bolton, 1995a PDF: 1050 (census); Bolton, 1995b: 246 (catalogue); Shattuck, 1999: 76 (Australia synopsis); Wild, 2007a PDF: 19 (diagnosis, all species revision, keys); Escárraga & Guerrero, 2016 10.11646/zootaxa.4208.5.3 PDF: 446 (Colombia species key); Cantone, 2017 PDF: 120 (brief male diagnosis); Guerrero, 2019 PDF: 713 (Colombia species key); Borowiec & Salata, 2022 PDF: 38 (diagnosis); Cantone & Di Giulio, 2023 10.3897/zookeys.1160.95694 PDF: 125 (partial revision of Linepithema fuscum group based on males), 135 (description of male external genitalia of Linepithema humile (Linepithema humile group) and Linepithema neotropicum (Linepithema neotropicum group), 138 (key to Linepithema fuscum group males).

Taxon Page Images:

Linepithema tsachila workers feed from the extrafloral nectary of an Inga tree. Mindo, Ecuador.
Image © Alex Wild. // Distribution


  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Africa: Cameroon, Canary Islands, Lesotho, Macaronesia, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Saint Helena, South Africa
    Americas: Argentina, Bermuda, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, French Guiana, Grenada, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Martinique, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, United States, United States Virgin Islands, Uruguay, Venezuela
    Asia: Iran, Japan, North Korea, United Arab Emirates
    Europe: Austria, Balearic Islands, Belgium, Bulgaria, Channel Islands, France, Germany, Gibraltar, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Malta, Monaco, Montenegro, Poland, Portugal, Spain, United Kingdom
    Oceania: Australia, Hawaii, New Zealand, Norfolk Island, Vanuatu
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Afrotropical, Australasia, Indomalaya, Nearctic, Neotropical, Oceania, Palearctic
  Native biogeographic regions (according to species list records):
    Nearctic, Neotropical

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Scientific Name Status Publication Pages ModsID GoogleMaps
Linepithema nov. gen  Mayr, G., 1866, Myrmecologische Beitraege., Sitzungsberichte der Koenigliche Akademie der Wissenschaften, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe 53, pp. 484-517: 13, (download) 13 4365
Linepithema   Ward, P. S., 2005, A synoptic review of the ants of California (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 936, pp. 1-68: 26-27, (download) 26-27 21008

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