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Species: Crematogaster (Orthocrema) levior   Longino, 2003 

Download Data

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2021)

Crematogaster levior Longino, 2003a PDF: 132 (w.) BRAZIL. Neotropic. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

// Distribution


  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Americas: Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Peru, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, Venezuela
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Treatment Citation: Longino, J. T., 2003, The Crematogaster (Hymenoptera, Formicidae, Myrmicinae) of Costa Rica., Zootaxa 151, pp. 1-150

Crematogaster leviorHNS NEW SPECIES

Crematogaster limata r. parabiotica ForelHNS (part): Forel, 1904b:683.

Crematogaster limata subsp. parabiotica var. levior ForelHNS, 1911b:274. Worker: Brazil, Amazonas (H. W. Bates) [MHNG, ZSMC] (examined). Unavailable name.

Crematogaster parabiotica ForelHNS (part): Wheeler, W.M. 1921a; Wheeler, W.M. and Darlington, 1930:109.

Crematogaster cf. limata parabiotica ForelHNS (part): Davidson 1988, Seidel et al. 1990, Davidson et al. 1990.

Holotype worker

Brazil, Amazonas (H. W. Bates) [ZSMC]. There are two workers on one card. The holotype has been indicated with a black arrow drawn on the card.


Amazonian portions of Brazil, Guianas, Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia.

Description of worker

Pronotal dorsum almost entirely smooth and shiny, with no trace of carinulae, or with faint traces along anterolateral margins; other characters as in carinataHNS.


Holotype: HL 0.587, [HW, HC not visible], SL 0.586, EL 0.142, WL 0.672, SPL 0.130, PTH 0.141, PTL 0.201, PTW 0.152, PPL 0.145, PPW 0.147, OI 24, SI 100, PTHI 70, PTWI 76, PPI 101, SPI 19.


Crematogaster leviorHNS occurs in lowland wet forest habitats, where it cohabits large ant gardens with Camponotus femoratusHNS. See carinataHNS.

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 7 times found in rainforest, 6 times found in lowland rainforest, 4 times found in 2nd growth rainforest, 2 times found in primary lowland rainforest, 2 times found in savanna forest, 3 times found in tropical moist forest, 3 times found in wet forest, 2 times found in rainforest edge, 1 times found in second growth vegetation, 2 times found in lowland tropical forest, ...

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 4 times ex sifted leaf litter, 5 times invader of Triplaris, 4 times ex sifted litter, 1 times canopy fogging, 2 times on low vegetation, 1 times in dead stick, 1 times ex ant garden, 1 times on Passiflora, 2 times invaders of Triplaris., 2 times ex Cordia nodosa, 1 times colony in internode of Cecropia sciatophylla, with two founding Azteca queens, ...

Collected most commonly using these methods: 12 times search, 10 times Winkler, 4 times Canopy Fogging, 1 times baits, 1 times beating vegetation, 1 times Pitfall, 1 times Winkler48h, 1 times 6L sifted litter, extracted in Winkler sack over 44 hours, 1 times baiting.

Elevations: collected from 20 - 414 meters, 286 meters average

Collect Date Range: collected between 1957-01-01 and 2018-08-30

Type specimens: Holotype Crematogaster levior: jtl328117; type of Crematogaster (Orthocrema) limata subsp. parabiotica var. levior: focol1625, focol1626; type of Crematogaster limata subsp. parabiotica var. levior: focol0656-1, focol0656-2

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