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Species: Camponotus (Camponotus) herculeanus   (Linnaeus, 1758) 

Classification:
Download Data

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2020)

Formica herculeana Linnaeus, 1758 PDF: 579 (q.) Type-locality Sweden, after Linnaeus, 1761 PDF: 426. SWEDEN. Palearctic. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

[Misspelled as herculanea by Latreille, 1809 PDF: 126, Smith, 1858a PDF: 10; misspelled as hepculeanus by Kuznetsov-Ugamsky, 1929a PDF: 17; misspelled as helcureanus by Teranishi, 1940: 71, and subsequent pages.].
Combination in Camponotus: Mayr, 1861 PDF: 36 (in key).
Status as species: Linnaeus, 1761 PDF: 426; Scopoli, 1763 PDF: 312; Linnaeus, 1767 PDF: 962; Fabricius, 1775 PDF: 391; Fabricius, 1782: 488; Fabricius, 1787 PDF: 307; Gmelin, 1790 PDF: 2797; Christ, 1791 PDF: 514; Olivier, 1792: 491; Fabricius, 1793 PDF: 349; Latreille, 1798 PDF: 33; Fabricius, 1804 PDF: 395; Jurine, 1807 PDF: 272; Gravenhorst, 1807 PDF: 286; Latreille, 1809 PDF: 126; Leach, 1815: 147; Latreille, 1817a: 96; Billberg, 1820: 104; Brullé, 1833 PDF: 326; Losana, 1834 PDF: 309; Lepeletier de Saint-Fargeau, 1835 PDF: 209; Zetterstedt, 1838: 448; Schilling, 1839 PDF: 52; Nylander, 1846a PDF: 894; Nylander, 1846b PDF: 1044; Foerster, 1850a: 9; Schenck, 1852 PDF: 123; Mayr, 1855 PDF: 308 (redescription); Nylander, 1856b PDF: 56; Gredler, 1858 PDF: 3; Smith, 1858a PDF: 10, 53; Roger, 1859 PDF: 229; Duméril, 1860: 929; Mayr, 1861 PDF: 36 (in key); Meinert, 1861: 309; Mayr, 1863a PDF: 399; Roger, 1863b PDF: 1; Cresson, 1865b PDF: 426; Dours, 1873 PDF: 164; Forel, 1874 PDF: 39 (in key); André, 1874b: 176 (in key); Emery, 1878: 44; Emery & Forel, 1879 PDF: 447; Forel, 1879a PDF: 56; Provancher, 1881b PDF: 354; André, 1882b PDF: 142 (in key); Provancher, 1883 PDF: 597; Mayr, 1886d PDF: 419; Cresson, 1887 PDF: 255; Provancher, 1887: 228 (in key); Nasonov, 1889: 9; Forel, 1892j PDF: 306; Dalla Torre, 1893 PDF: 233; Emery, 1893k PDF: 674; Ruzsky, 1896 PDF: 67; Emery, 1896j PDF: 372 (in list); Ruzsky, 1902d PDF: 5; Forel, 1902k PDF: 699; Ruzsky, 1903c PDF: 205; Forel, 1904c PDF: 381; Ruzsky, 1905b: 214; Wasmann, 1906 PDF: 111; Forel, 1907h PDF: 19; Emery, 1908a PDF: 182; Wheeler, 1908i PDF: 625; Bondroit, 1910 PDF: 487; Santschi, 1911d PDF: 7; Karavaiev, 1912b PDF: 592; Forel, 1914a PDF: 266; Stitz, 1914 PDF: 95; Bruch, 1914 PDF: 228; Ruzsky, 1914b PDF: 100; Bruch, 1915 PDF: 535; Forel, 1915d: 68 (in key); Ruzsky, 1915b: 4; Donisthorpe, 1915f: 347; Emery, 1916a PDF: 225; Escherich, 1917: 330 (in key); Bondroit, 1918 PDF: 70; Nadig, 1918 PDF: 339; Menozzi, 1922d PDF: 142; Soudek, 1922b PDF: 95; Kuznetsov-Ugamsky, 1923b PDF: 241; Müller, 1923b PDF: 159; Wheeler, 1923c PDF: 5; Vashkevich, 1924b PDF: 146; Emery, 1925d PDF: 72; Kiseleva, 1925 PDF: 73; Ruzsky, 1925a PDF: 287; Essig, 1926 PDF: 868; Karavaiev, 1926e PDF: 191; Ruzsky, 1926 PDF: 108; Stärcke, 1926a PDF: 119 (in key); Karavaiev, 1927a PDF: 295; Donisthorpe, 1927c: 400; Menozzi, 1927b PDF: 92; Kuznetsov-Ugamsky, 1929b PDF: 36; Karavaiev, 1930b PDF: 147; Arnol'di, 1933a: 602 (in key); Stitz, 1934: 4; Grandi, 1935 PDF: 102; Karavaiev, 1936: 177 (redescription); Ruzsky, 1936 PDF: 89; Kôno & Sugihara, 1939 PDF: 10; Teranishi, 1940: 71; Novák & Sadil, 1941 PDF: 110 (in key); Holgersen, 1942b PDF: 10; Holgersen, 1943c PDF: 172 (in key); Holgersen, 1944a PDF: 179; Ruzsky, 1946 PDF: 69; Creighton, 1950a PDF: 366; Donisthorpe, 1950e PDF: 1066; Röszler, 1950 PDF: 210; Yasumatsu & Brown, 1951 PDF: 30; Chapman & Capco, 1951 PDF: 220; Consani & Zangheri, 1952 PDF: 43; Cole, 1954f PDF: 271; Ceballos, 1956: 312; Smith, 1958c PDF: 142; Pisarski, 1961 PDF: 153; Dlussky, 1962 PDF: 181; Collingwood, 1962c PDF: 220; Bernard, 1967a PDF: 340 (redescription); Arnol'di, 1967 PDF: 1819 (redescription); Smith, 1967a PDF: 366; Kutter, 1968b: 60; Collingwood & Yarrow, 1969 PDF: 81; Dlussky & Pisarski, 1970 PDF: 86; Baroni Urbani, 1971c PDF: 175; Collingwood, 1971 PDF: 163; Banert & Pisarski, 1972 PDF: 352; Tarbinsky, 1976 PDF: 148 (redescription); Aktaç, 1977 PDF: 125; Van Boven, 1977 PDF: 131; Francoeur, 1977b PDF: 207; Kutter, 1977c: 204; Yensen et al., 1977 PDF: 183; Collingwood, 1978 PDF: 91 (in key); Collingwood, 1979 PDF: 90; Smith, 1979: 1426; Allred, 1982: 454; Wheeler & Wheeler, 1986g PDF: 60; Agosti & Collingwood, 1987a PDF: 58; Agosti & Collingwood, 1987b PDF: 283 (in key); Nilsson & Douwes, 1987: 68; MacKay et al., 1988: 105; Wang et al., 1989a: 224 (in key); Morisita et al., 1991: 41; Wang, 1992: 681; Atanassov & Dlussky, 1992: 210; Arakelian, 1994 PDF: 85; Radchenko, 1994b: 116 (in key); Wang & Wu, 1994 PDF: 31 (in key); Wheeler et al., 1994 PDF: 305; Bolton, 1995b: 103; Douwes, 1995: 92; Poldi et al., 1995: 7; Wu & Wang, 1995a: 182; Radchenko, 1996e: 1202 (in key); Espadaler, 1997g PDF: 27; Radchenko, 1997b PDF: 555; Gallé et al., 1998: 216; Czechowski et al., 2002 PDF: 95; Mackay & Mackay, 2002 PDF: 290; Zhang & Zheng, 2002 PDF: 218; Coovert, 2005 PDF: 166; Hansen & Klotz, 2005: 82; Radchenko, 2005b PDF: 158; Csosz & Markó, 2005 PDF: 228; Karaman & Karaman, 2005 PDF: 58; Bračko, 2006 PDF: 145; Markó et al., 2006 PDF: 66; Petrov, 2006 PDF: 109 (in key); Schultz et al., 2006 PDF: 203; Bračko, 2007 PDF: 19; Seifert, 2007: 262; Werner & Wiezik, 2007 PDF: 143; Zryanin & Zryanina, 2007 PDF: 232; Gratiashvili & Barjadze, 2008 PDF: 131; Casevitz-Weulersse & Galkowski, 2009 PDF: 479; Lapeva-Gjonova et al., 2010 PDF: 43; Boer, 2010: 18; Csosz et al., 2011 PDF: 58; Karaman, 2011b PDF: 70; Legakis, 2011 PDF: 30; Ran & Zhou, 2011: 67; Borowiec & Salata, 2012 PDF: 476; Czechowski et al., 2012: 240; Ellison et al., 2012: 121; Guénard & Dunn, 2012 PDF: 28; Kiran & Karaman, 2012 PDF: 7; Karaman & Aktaç, 2013 PDF: 52 (in key); Borowiec, 2014 PDF: 32; Lebas et al., 2016: 126; Radchenko, 2016: 328; Salata & Borowiec, 2018c 10.5281/zenodo.2199191 PDF: 43; Schär et al., 2018 10.1111/jbi.13380 PDF: 6; Seifert, 2018: 256; Mackay, 2019: 213 (redescription).
Material of the unavailable name Camponotus herculeanus shitkowi intermedius referred here by Radchenko, 1997b PDF: 555.
// Distribution

Distribution:

  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Americas: Canada, United States
    Asia: Kyrgyzstan, Mongolia
    Europe: Belgium, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Italy, Norway, Poland, Russia, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Nearctic, Palearctic

Distribution Notes:

Mostly Alpine SLO, above 1000 m alt.

Biology:

Forests & alpine grasslands

Notes:

no records during last 50 years

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Scientific Name Status Publication Pages ModsID GoogleMaps
Camponotus clarus   Forel, A., 1886, Études myrmécologiques en 1886., Annales de la Societe Entomologique de Belgique 30, pp. 131-215: 11-12, (download) 11-12 3923
Camponotus herculeanus   Collingwood, C. A., 1979, The Formicidae (Hymenoptera) of Fennoscandia and Denmark., Fauna Entomologica Scandinavica 8, pp. 1-174: 90-91, (download) 90-91 6175
Camponotus herculeanus   Forel, A., 1904, Note sur les fourmis du Musée Zoologique de l'Académie Impériale des Sciences à St. Pétersbourg., Yezhegodnik Zoologicheskogo Muzeya Imperatorskoi Akademii Nauk 8, pp. 368-388: 14, (download) 14 3994

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 33 times found in Spruce-fir forest, 17 times found in mixed montane forest, 15 times found in Aspen forest, 14 times found in Spruce- tamarack forest, 12 times found in coniferous forest, 10 times found in Mixed Canyon forest, 6 times found in conifer forest, 6 times found in Aspen-lodgepole pine forest, 5 times found in subalpine forest, 6 times found in Ponderosa pine forest, ...

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 28 times log stage 3, 17 times log stage 4, 12 times log stage 2, 5 times foragers, 5 times in dead wood, 8 times under rock, 3 times under dead wood, 3 times under stone, 6 times under log, 5 times log stage 5, 2 times ex sifted litter, dead wood, ...

Collected most commonly using these methods: 52 times search, 4 times Hand, 2 times winkler, 1 times Davis sifter, 2 times Manual catch, 1 times mixed.

Elevations: collected from 8 - 3810 meters, 2006 meters average

Collect Date Range: collected between 1900-11-30 and 2020-09-07

Type specimens: syntype of Camponotus herculeanus jacutica: casent0917141, casent0917142; syntype of Camponotus herculeanus whymperi: casent0909954; syntype of Camponotus sachalinensis: casent0909955



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