Current View: All Antweb
Change View
Cite this page

Citing AntWeb


To cite this page, please use the following:

· For print:      Citation: AntWeb. Version 8.55.2. California Academy of Science, online at Accessed .

· For web:

Species: Temnothorax exilis   (Emery, 1869) 

Download Data

See Also:

Temnothorax exilis_cf, Temnothorax exilis_cf_do01, Temnothorax exilis_cf_gr01, Temnothorax exilis_cf_gr02

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2021)

Leptothorax exilis Emery, 1869b PDF: 15, pl. 1, fig. 9 (w.) ITALY. Palearctic. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Emery, 1916a PDF: 183, 186 (q.m., respectively).
Combination in Temnothorax: Bolton, 2003 PDF: 271.
Status as species: Emery, 1880 PDF: 392; Emery, 1881b PDF: 529; Dalla Torre, 1893 PDF: 124; Forel, 1913d PDF: 433; Emery, 1916a PDF: 174; Bondroit, 1918 PDF: 137; Menozzi, 1921 PDF: 27; Santschi, 1923f PDF: 331; Müller, 1923b PDF: 89; Finzi, 1924a PDF: 13; Emery, 1924f PDF: 254; Santschi, 1929e PDF: 153; Grandi, 1935 PDF: 101; Zimmermann, 1935 PDF: 30; Bernard, 1956a PDF: 162; Ceballos, 1956: 306; Bernard, 1967a PDF: 208 (redescription); Baroni Urbani, 1969e PDF: 332; Collingwood & Yarrow, 1969 PDF: 70; Baroni Urbani, 1971c PDF: 106; Baroni Urbani, 1971d PDF: 1041; Baroni Urbani, 1974a PDF: 234; Baroni Urbani, 1976b PDF: 213; Agosti & Collingwood, 1987a PDF: 55; Agosti & Collingwood, 1987b PDF: 275 (in key); Casevitz-Weulersse, 1990c PDF: 418 (in key); Collingwood, 1993b PDF: 194; Bolton, 1995b: 238; Poldi et al., 1995: 4; Bolton, 2003 PDF: 271; Bračko, 2006 PDF: 141; Petrov, 2006 PDF: 98 (in key); Bračko, 2007 PDF: 18; Gratiashvili & Barjadze, 2008 PDF: 142; Casevitz-Weulersse & Galkowski, 2009 PDF: 494; Legakis, 2011 PDF: 18; Karaman, 2011b PDF: 30; Borowiec & Salata, 2012 PDF: 541; Kiran & Karaman, 2012 PDF: 25; Borowiec, 2014 PDF: 177; Bračko et al., 2014 PDF: 15; Lebas et al., 2016: 350; Salata et al., 2018 10.3161/00034541ANZ2018.68.4.004 PDF: 778 (redescription); Salata & Borowiec, 2018c 10.5281/zenodo.2199191 PDF: 49.
Material of the unavailable name Leptothorax exilis obscurior esmirensis referred here by Baroni Urbani, 1971d PDF: 1041; Bolton, 1995b: 238.
// Distribution


  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Africa: Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia
    Asia: Turkey
    Europe: France, Greece, Italy, Spain
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):

Distribution Notes:

Few localities in Coastal SLO


Xerothermous shrub

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 4 times found in Pinar, 2 times found in seashore with frygana and Pinus trees, 2 times found in limestone gorge, 2 times found in oak forest, 1 times found in Prado altamontaña, 1 times found in shrubs on roadside, 1 times found in wooded limestone gorge, 1 times found in deciduous forest with springs.

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 2 times Platanus trunk, 2 times on limestone rocks, 2 times nbp, 2 times from herbs, 1 times two males born in captivity from two workers' rearing 04/06-92, 1 times sur olivier, 1 times on wall of ancient aqueduct, 1 times on shrubs, 1 times on rocks, 1 times Nido en grieta piedra.

Collected most commonly using these methods: 6 times Hand, 2 times sweep, 1 times search.

Elevations: collected from 13 - 947 meters, 322 meters average

Collect Date Range: collected between 1877-07-01 and 2016-05-05

Type specimens: syntype of Leptothorax tuberum obscurior nitidulus: casent0909024; syntype of Leptothorax exilis boccaris: casent0912926; syntype of Leptothorax exilis creticus: casent0909027; syntype of Leptothorax exilis darii: casent0909025; syntype of Leptothorax exilis obscurior esmirensis: casent0912928; syntype of Leptothorax exilis specularis: casent0904757; syntype of Temnothorax exilis: casent0904756; type of Leptothorax tuberum r. obscurior var. nitidulus: focol0203; unpublished name: Leptothorax fertoni: casent0913639

See something amiss? Send us an email.