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Species: Bothroponera crassa   (Emery, 1877) 

Classification:
Download Data

See Also:

Bothroponera crassa_cf, Bothroponera crassa_nr

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2020)

Ponera crassa Emery, 1877a PDF: 366, fig. (w.) ERITREA. Afrotropic. Primary type information: Eritrea [was part of Ethiopia]: Bogos, Sciotel, 15°30’0’’ N; 38°14’0’’ E, O. Beccari 1870 AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Combination in Bothroponera: Emery, 1892: 111.
Combination in Pachycondyla (Bothroponera): Emery, 1895b PDF: 177; Emery, 1901b PDF: 46.
Combination in Bothroponera: Wheeler, 1922: 73; Santschi, 1930a PDF: 53.
Combination in Pachycondyla: Brown, in Bolton, 1995b: 304.
Status as species: Joma & Mackay, 2017 PDF: 14 (redescription).

Distribution:

  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Africa: Cameroon, Central African Republic, Eritrea, Gabon, Kenya, Liberia, Mozambique, South Africa, Tanzania, Zambia
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Afrotropical

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 43 times found in rainforest, 1 times found in Grassland, 7 times found in Savanna, 5 times found in littoral rainforest, 2 times found in primary forest, 1 times found in miombo woodland, 1 times found in rainforest, seasonally flooded riparian, 1 times found in savannah woodland, 1 times found in coastal lowland rainforest.

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 24 times ex rotten log, 15 times sifted litter (leaf mold, rotten wood), 1 times leaf litter, 1 times ex soil, 1 times undergrowth, low canopy in forest, 1 times on low vegetation, 1 times Kakamega 2008 survey, leaf litter, 1 times ground foragers, 1 times ground forager(s), 1 times ex rotten stick on ground.

Collected most commonly using these methods: 8 times Pitfall trap, 14 times MW 50 sample transect, 5m, 1 times Winkler, 3 times pitfall trap, PF bucket, 2 times pitfall trap, PF 50 yogurt sample transect5m, 1 times Beat 25 sample transect, 10m, beating low vegetation, 1 times beating low vegetation, 1 times pitfall trap, Transect 35 0m, 1 times sweep.

Elevations: collected from 5 - 1500 meters, 486 meters average

Collect Date Range: collected between 1988-02-15 and 2016-08-07

Type specimens:



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