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Species: Neoponera commutata   (Roger, 1860) 

Classification:
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Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2022)

Ponera commutata Roger, 1860 PDF: 311 (w.) SOUTH AMERICA. Neotropic. Primary type information: Type-material: 1 syntype worker, 1 syntype queen. Type-locality: none given. Type-depository: MNHN (if syntypes still in existence). Type notes: 1) Perhaps more syntypes originally, but Latreille, 1802: 220, pl. 7, figs. 44A , 44B, illustrates one of each caste. 2) In 1860 Roger nominated Neoponera commutata as the new species name for the Neotropical specimens of Paltothyreus tarsatus (Fabricius, 1798), sensu Latreille, 1802a PDF: 200 (misidentification). Neither Latreille nor Roger cited a Neotropical type-locality for the taxon. Two years earlier Smith, 1858a PDF: 94, had observed that this was a Neotropical species, not Afrotropical (see his discussion), and gave Guyana and Brazil (Pará) as localities. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Combination in Pachycondyla: Emery, 1890b PDF: 72; Brown, 1995a: 304.
Status as species: Mayr, 1863a PDF: 447; Mayr, 1884 PDF: 32; Emery, 1890b PDF: 72 (in key); Emery, 1892c PDF: 163; Emery, 1906c PDF: 114; Emery, 1911e PDF: 71; Mann, 1916 PDF: 410; Wheeler, 1916c PDF: 2; Wheeler, 1918b PDF: 24; Forel, 1921b PDF: 133; Borgmeier, 1923: 65; Wheeler, 1923a PDF: 2; Wheeler, 1925a PDF: 5; Menozzi, 1935b PDF: 190; Wheeler, 1936e PDF: 169 (redescription); Santschi, 1939f PDF: 160; Borgmeier, 1959a PDF: 313; Kempf, 1961b PDF: 494; Kempf, 1970b PDF: 327; Kempf, 1972b PDF: 249; Brandão, 1991 PDF: 381; Bolton, 1995b: 304; Wild, 2003 PDF: 7; Wild, 2007b PDF: 39; Mackay et al., 2008 PDF: 189; MacKay & MacKay, 2010 PDF: 257 (redescription); Bezděčková et al., 2015 PDF: 123; Feitosa, 2015c: 99; Fernández & Guerrero, 2019 PDF: 533; Troya & Lattke, 2022 10.1163/1876312X-bja10034 PDF: 26 (redescription).
[Note: Emery, 1892c PDF: 163, suggests that Neoponera commutata may be synonymous with Formica ovata Reich, 1793, but the latter is unidentifiable to genus (Bolton, 1995b: 304).]
// Distribution

Distribution:

  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Americas: Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Venezuela
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Neotropical

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 1 times found in premontane rainforest, 2 times found in tropical rainforest, 2 times found in rainforest, 2 times found in savanna and rainforest, 1 times found in premontane rainforest bordering major river, 1 times found in successional vegetation, crops and pasture, 1 times found in tropical moist forest, 1 times found in Cerrado, 1 times found in CloudForest, 1 times found in Lower-montaine wet, tropical forest, ...

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 1 times ground foragers, 2 times ground forager(s), 2 times at night; stray ants, 1 times at night; ground foragers, 2 times at day; stray ants, 1 times surface, 1 times strays, 1 times raiding column w termites, 1 times on ground, 1 times log nest, 1 times LeafLitter, ...

Collected most commonly using these methods: 11 times search, 2 times direct collection, 1 times yellow pan trap, 1 times epigaeic pitfall, 1 times Manual sampling, 1 times Pitfall72h.

Elevations: collected from 85 - 1000 meters, 382 meters average

Collect Date Range: collected between 1920-07-01 00:00:00.0 and 2018-02-26 00:00:00.0

Type specimens:



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