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Species: Formica clara   Forel, 1886 

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See Also:

Formica clara sinae

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2021)

Extant: 1 valid subspecies

Formica rufibarbis var. clara Forel, 1886h PDF: 206 (w.) SYRIA. Palearctic. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Ruzsky, 1902b PDF: 471 (q.m.).
As unavailable (infrasubspecific) name: Forel, 1894c PDF: 404; Emery, 1909b PDF: 198.
Status as species: Collingwood, 1961a PDF: 68; Dlussky, 1965a PDF: 37 (in key); Dlussky, 1967a PDF: 77; Pisarski, 1967a PDF: 416; Pisarski, 1969b: 312; Dlussky & Pisarski, 1970 PDF: 88; Dlussky, 1981b PDF: 17; Dlussky et al., 1990 PDF: 139; Bolton, 1995b: 193; Schultz et al., 2006 PDF: 205; Gratiashvili & Barjadze, 2008 PDF: 133; Casevitz-Weulersse & Galkowski, 2009 PDF: 481; Seifert & Schultz, 2009b PDF: 263 (redescription); Vonshak & Ionescu-Hirsch, 2009 PDF: 40; Lapeva-Gjonova et al., 2010 PDF: 48; Boer, 2010: 32; Csosz et al., 2011 PDF: 59; Legakis, 2011 PDF: 35; Borowiec & Salata, 2012 PDF: 492; Czechowski et al., 2012: 220; Guénard & Dunn, 2012 PDF: 31; Kiran & Karaman, 2012 PDF: 10; Borowiec, 2014 PDF: 73; Bharti et al., 2016 PDF: 27; Lebas et al., 2016: 198; Salata & Borowiec, 2018c 10.5281/zenodo.2199191 PDF: 45; Seifert, 2018: 308; Khalili-Moghadam et al., 2019 10.2478/pjen-2019-0013 PDF: 169.
// Distribution


  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Asia: Afghanistan, China, India, Iran, Syria
    Europe: Belgium, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Germany, Greece, Russia
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):

Distribution Notes:

Statewide, very rare, absent in the mountains.


Grassland, steppe and rock steppe. Nests in soil, under rocks and in small loam hills.

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Treatment Citation: Forel, A., 1886, Études myrmécologiques en 1886., Annales de la Societe Entomologique de Belgique 30, pp. 131-215

Var. claraHNS n. v.

[[ worker ]]. D'un rouge jaunatre d'ocre tres clair; front, vertex, abdomen et extremite des funicules brunatres. Pilosite un peu plus faible que chez la forme typique. Deuxieme article du funicule d'une idee plus court que le troisieme. Long. 4 a 5,5 mill.

Damas (M. le Dr Lortet).

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 14 times found in Unknown, 14 times found in heathlands, 13 times found in Rocks (rocky-calcareous grasslands), 8 times found in dry grassland, 2 times found in road in city, 2 times found in coniferous forest, 2 times found in Forest, 2 times found in Urban area, 2 times found in village, garden, 1 times found in pine forest and roadsides, ...

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 4 times on ground, 3 times ground foragers, 1 times on leaf litter, 1 times on lawn, 1 times lawn, 1 times foraging on ground, 1 times between saline plants, 1 times under stone, 1 times roadside.

Collected most commonly using these methods: 31 times Pitfall trap, 11 times Manual catch, 5 times search, 3 times by hand, 1 times Color trap.

Elevations: collected from 4 - 2950 meters, 862 meters average

Collect Date Range: collected between 1918-08-01 and 2019-07-19

Type specimens: Holotype of Formica lusatica: focol0761, antweb1041261; syntype of Formica clara: casent0911077; syntype of Formica rufibarbis clara: casent0917874

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