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Species: Formica clara   Forel, 1886 

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See Also:

Formica clara sinae

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2020)

Extant: 1 valid subspecies

Formica rufibarbis var. clara Forel, 1886h PDF: 206 (w.) RUSSIA. Palearctic. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Ruzsky, 1902b PDF: 471 (q.m.).
Combination in Formica (Serviformica): Emery, 1925d PDF: 250.
Subspecies of Formica rufibarbis: Forel, 1901m PDF: 65.
Raised to species: Collingwood, 1961a PDF: 68; Dlussky, 1967a PDF: 77.
Material of the unavailable names Formica rufibarbis montivaga transversa, Formica rufibarbis montana clara referred here by Dlussky, 1967a PDF: 77.
See also: Czechowski et al., 2012: 220.
Current subspecies: nominal plus F. c. sinae.


  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Asia: Afghanistan, China, India, Iran, Syria
    Europe: Belgium, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Germany, Greece, Russia
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):

Distribution Notes:

Statewide, very rare, absent in the mountains.


Grassland, steppe and rock steppe. Nests in soil, under rocks and in small loam hills.

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Treatment Citation: Forel, A., 1886, Études myrmécologiques en 1886., Annales de la Societe Entomologique de Belgique 30, pp. 131-215

Var. claraHNS n. v.

[[ worker ]]. D'un rouge jaunatre d'ocre tres clair; front, vertex, abdomen et extremite des funicules brunatres. Pilosite un peu plus faible que chez la forme typique. Deuxieme article du funicule d'une idee plus court que le troisieme. Long. 4 a 5,5 mill.

Damas (M. le Dr Lortet).

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 14 times found in Unknown, 14 times found in heathlands, 13 times found in Rocks (rocky-calcareous grasslands), 8 times found in dry grassland, 2 times found in Forest, 2 times found in Urban area, 2 times found in village, garden, 2 times found in road in city, 2 times found in coniferous forest, 1 times found in deciduous forest, ...

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 4 times on ground, 3 times ground foragers, 1 times under stone, 1 times roadside, 1 times on leaf litter, 1 times on lawn, 1 times lawn, 1 times foraging on ground, 1 times between saline plants.

Collected most commonly using these methods: 31 times Pitfall trap, 11 times Manual catch, 5 times search, 3 times by hand, 1 times Color trap.

Elevations: collected from 4 - 2950 meters, 862 meters average

Type specimens: Holotype of Formica lusatica: focol0761, antweb1041261; syntype of Formica clara: casent0911077; syntype of Formica rufibarbis clara: casent0917874

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