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Genus: Carebara   Westwood, 1840 

Classification:

Current Valid Name:



Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2022)

Extant: 224 valid species, 22 valid subspecies

Fossil: 10 valid species

Carebara Westwood, 1840b PDF: 86. Type-species: Carebara lignata, by monotypy. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Carebara in Attidae: Smith, 1858a PDF: 178.
Carebara in Myrmicinae: Mayr, 1865 PDF: 23 [Myrmicidae]; Smith, 1871a PDF: 334 [Myrmicidae]; Dalla Torre, 1893 PDF: 74 [Myrmicinae].
Carebara in Myrmicinae, Pheidolini: Emery, 1877b PDF: 81 [Myrmicidae, Pheidolidae].
Carebara as genus: all authors.
Carebara as senior synonym of Aeromyrma: Fernández, 2004a PDF: 194.
Carebara as senior synonym of Afroxyidris: Fernández, 2004a PDF: 194.
Carebara as senior synonym of Amauromyrmex: Fischer et al., 2014 PDF: 63
Carebara as senior synonym of Aneleus: Fernández, 2004a PDF: 194.
Carebara as senior synonym of Crateropsis: Fernández, 2004a PDF: 194.
Carebara as senior synonym of Erebomyrma: Fernández, 2004a PDF: 194.
Carebara as senior synonym of Hendecatella: Fernández, 2004a PDF: 194.
Carebara as senior synonym of Idrisella: Fischer et al., 2014 PDF: 63
Carebara as senior synonym of Lecanomyrma: Fernández, 2004a PDF: 194.
Carebara as senior synonym of Neoblepharidatta: Fernández, 2004a PDF: 194.
Carebara as senior synonym of Nimbamyrma: Fernández, 2004a PDF: 194; Fernández, 2010 PDF: 201.
Carebara as senior synonym of Oligomyrmex: Fernández, 2004a PDF: 194.
Carebara as senior synonym of Paedalgus: Fernández, 2004a PDF: 194.
Carebara as senior synonym of Parvimyrma: Fernández, 2010 PDF: 195.
Carebara as senior synonym of Solenops: Fernández, 2004a PDF: 194.
Carebara as senior synonym of Spelaeomyrmex: Fernández, 2004a PDF: 194.
Carebara as senior synonym of Sporocleptes: Fernández, 2004a PDF: 194.
Genus Carebara catalogues
Mayr, 1863a PDF: 402, 442 (Carebara, Pheidologeton); Roger, 1863b PDF: 30, 32 (Pheidologeton, Carebara); Dalla Torre, 1893 PDF: 72, 74, 74, 78 (Pheidologeton, Carebara, Oligomyrmex, Aeromyrma); Wheeler, 1922: 880, 881, 882, 883, 884 (Afrotropical Aneleus, Oligomyrmex, Aeromyrma, Carebara, Paedalgus, Pheidologeton); Wheeler, 1922: 1028 (Malagasy Oligomyrmex, Aeromyrma); Emery, 1924f PDF: 211, 213, 215, 215, 217, 218, 219, 221 (Pheidologeton, Aneleus, Aneleus (Lecanomyrma), Oligomyrmex (Aeromyrma), Oligomyrmex (Oligomyrmex), Erebomyrma, Carebara, Paedalgus); Chapman & Capco, 1951 PDF: 151, 154, 155, 156, 158 (Asia Carebara, Aeromyrma, Amauromyrmex, Aneleus, Oligomyrmex, Paedalgus, Pheidologeton); Smith, 1951c PDF: 815 (North America Erebomyrma); Ettershank, 1966 PDF: 119, 115, 125, 128 (Oligomyrmex, Pheidologeton, Carebara, Paedalgus); Kempf, 1972b PDF: 74, 172 (Neotropical Carebara, Oligomyrmex); Smith, 1979: 1389 (North America Oligomyrmex); Taylor & Brown, 1985: 71, 79 (Australia Oligomyrmex, Pheidologeton); Taylor, 1987a PDF: 50, 55 (Australia, New Caledonia Oligomyrmex, Pheidologeton); Brandão, 1991 PDF: 342 (Neotropical Oligomyrmex); Bolton, 1995b: 133, 298, 311, 333 (Carebara, Oligomyrmex, Paedalgus, Pheidologeton); Fisher & Bolton, 2016: 236 (Afrotropical, Malagasy checklist).
Genus Carebara references
Smith, 1858a PDF: 178 (Carebara diagnosis); Mayr, 1865 PDF: 22, 23 (Pheidologeton, Carebara diagnoses); Mayr, 1867a PDF: 100, 106 (Pheidologeton, Carebara diagnoses); Forel, 1903a PDF: 690 (India, Sri Lanka species key); Bingham, 1903 PDF: 150, 154, 162 (Carebara diagnosis, Oligomyrmex, Pheidologeton India, Sri Lanka, Burma species key); Santschi, 1913e PDF: 459 (African Oligomyrmex, key); Santschi, 1914d PDF: 363 (Afrotropical Carebara species key); Arnold, 1916 PDF: 248, 254, 256 (Carebara, Aneleus, Aeromyrma diagnoses); Wheeler, 1922: 165, 682, 687 (Aeromyrma diagnosis, Pheidologeton, Oligomyrmex subgenera key); Wheeler, 1922: 168, 172 (Carebara diagnosis, Afrotropical species key); Wheeler, 1922: 177 (Paedalgus diagnosis); Emery, 1924f PDF: 211, 213, 215, 215, 217, 218, 219, 221 (Pheidologeton, Aneleus, Aneleus (Lecanomyrma), Oligomyrmex (Aeromyrma), Oligomyrmex (Oligomyrmex)), Erebomyrma, Carebara, Paedalgus diagnoses); Weber, 1950a PDF: 1 (Africa Oligomyrmex species, synopsis); Weber, 1952a PDF: 11 (Africa Oligomyrmex (Aeromyrma) species key); Ettershank, 1966 PDF: 115, 119, 125, 128 (Pheidologeton, Oligomyrmex, Carebara, Paedalgus diagnoses, review of genera); Ogata, 1991b PDF: 110 (Oligomyrmex diagnosis, Japan); Taylor, 1991b PDF: 605 (Oligomyrmex Australia species, partial key); Morisita et al., 1992: 45 (Oligomyrmex Japan species key); Bolton & Belshaw, 1993 PDF: 181 (Paedalgus diagnosis, all species revision, key); Bolton, 1995a PDF: 1048, 1051 (Carebara, Oligomyrmex, Paedalgus census); Wu & Wang, 1995a: 72, 74 (Pheidologeton, Oligomyrmex China species key); Terayama, 1996b PDF: 24 (Oligomyrmex Japan species key); Dlussky, 1997a PDF: 55 (Oligomyrmex, in Baltic amber genera key); Shattuck, 1999: 148, 156 (Oligomyrmex, Pheidologeton Australia synopses); Zhou, 2001a PDF: 89 (Pheidologeton China, Guangxi species key); Xu, 2003: 311 (Oligomyrmex China species key); Fernández, 2004a PDF: 198 (New World species revision, keys); Zhou et al., 2006 PDF: 870 (Pheidologeton China species key); Terayama, 2009 PDF: 151, 156 (Carebara, Pheidologeton Taiwan species key); Eguchi et al., 2011 PDF: 22, 23 (Oligomyrmex, Parvimyrma diagnosis, Vietnam synopsis); Terayama et al., 2012 PDF: 5 (Taiwan species key); Bharti & Kumar, 2013b PDF: 61 (India species key); Sharaf & Aldawood, 2013b 10.3897/zookeys.357.5946 PDF: 70 (Saudi Arabia species key); Fischer et al., 2014 PDF: 57 (Afrotropical Carebara polita species group); Bharti & Akbar, 2014b PDF: 321 (India species key); Baccaro et al., 2015 10.5281/zenodo.32912 PDF: 272 (genus in Brazil); Fischer et al., 2015 10.3897/zookeys.525.6057 PDF: 77 (Africa Carebara phragmotica group revision, species key); Fisher & Bolton, 2016: 235 (diagnosis); Akbar & Bharti, 2017 PDF: 36 (India species key); Cantone, 2017 PDF: 193 (brief male diagnosis); Azorsa & Fisher, 2018 10.3897/zookeys.767.21105 PDF: 15 (Malagasy species key); Fernández & Serna, 2019 PDF: 820 (Colombia species key); Heterick, 2021 10.18195/issn.0313-122x.86.2021.001-245 PDF: 157 (Western Australia species key); Hosoishi et al., 2022 10.3897/jhr.91.82490 PDF: 360 (Carebara acutispina-group diagnosis), 361 (Carebara acutispina-group keys (major, minor workers)).

Taxon Page Images:



Carebara brevipilosa Unión Toachi, Pichincha, Ecuador.
Image © Alex Wild.

Overview:

Carebara queen from western ghats kerala

// Distribution

Distribution:

  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Africa: Angola, Benin, Botswana, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Comoros, Congo, Democratic Republic of Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Mayotte, Mozambique, Namibia, Rwanda, Senegal, Seychelles, Somalia, South Africa, South Sudan, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe
    Americas: Argentina, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, El Salvador, French Guiana, Guatemala, Guyana, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, United States, Venezuela
    Asia: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Borneo, Cambodia, China, India, Indonesia, Japan, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Nicobar Island, Oman, Pakistan, Philippines, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Thailand, Turkey, Vietnam, Yemen
    Europe: Albania, Greece, Russia
    Oceania: Australia, Fiji, French Polynesia, Micronesia, New Caledonia, Norfolk Island, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tonga, Wallis and Futuna
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Afrotropical, Australasia, Indomalaya, Malagasy, Nearctic, Neotropical, Oceania, Palearctic
  Native biogeographic regions (according to species list records):
    Afrotropical, Australasia, Indomalaya, Malagasy, Nearctic, Neotropical, Oceania, Palearctic

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Scientific Name Status Publication Pages ModsID GoogleMaps
Carebara   Wild, A. L., 2007, A catalogue of the ants of Paraguay (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 1622, pp. 1-55: 31, (download) 31 21367
Carebara   Smith, F., 1858, Catalogue of the hymenopterous insects in the collection of the British Museum. Part VI. Formicidae., London: British Museum: 178, (download) 178 8127
Carebara   Wheeler, W. M., 1922, The ants collected by the American Museum Congo Expedition., Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 45, pp. 39-269: 168-172, (download) 168-172 20597


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