Current View: All Antweb
Change View
Cite this page

Citing AntWeb


To cite this page, please use the following:

· For print:      Citation: AntWeb. Version 8.81. California Academy of Science, online at Accessed .

· For web:

Species: Odontomachus brunneus   (Patton, 1894) 

Download Data

Current Valid Name:

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2022)

Atta brunnea Patton, 1894 PDF: 618 (w.) Attributed to Roger. U.S.A. (Georgia). Nearctic. Primary type information: Type-material: syntype workers (number not stated). Type-locality: U.S.A.: Georgia, Thomas County, Thomasville (W.H. Patton). Type-depository: no types known to exist. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Combination in Odontomachus: Emery, 1895d PDF: 268
Unavailable replacement name Odontomachus haematodus repetita referred here by Brown, 1976c PDF: 103; Brandão, 1991 PDF: 363.
// Distribution


  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Americas: Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Ecuador, Mexico, Peru, Puerto Rico, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, United States
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Nearctic, Neotropical

Distribution Notes:

SE U.S. to Paraguay and Bolivia, W. Indies (brunneus in the sense of Brown 1976, which includes ruginodis).


J. Longino, 28 Mar 2011: I just reidentified the two Costa Rican records as O. laticeps. See further notes under O. laticeps.


Brown, W. L., Jr. 1976. Contributions toward a reclassification of the Formicidae. Part VI. Ponerinae, tribe Ponerini, subtribe Odontomachiti. Section A. Introduction, subtribal characters. Genus Odontomachus. Studia Entomol. 19:67-171.

Deyrup, M., J. Trager, N. Carlin 1985. The genus Odontomachus in the southeastern United States (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Entomological News 96:188-195.

Patton, W. H. 1894. Habits of the leaping-ant of southern Georgia. American Naturalist 28:618-619.

Wheeler, W. M. 1905. The ants of the Bahamas, with a list of the known West Indian species. Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist. 21:79-135.

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Treatment Citation: Wild, A. L., 2007, A catalogue of the ants of Paraguay (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 1622, pp. 1-55

Odontomachus brunneus (PattonHNS 1894).

Literature records: “Paraguay” (s. loc.) (Brown 1976).

Odontomachus brunneusHNS is a North American species unlikely to be conspecific with South American forms. Name almost certainly refers to OdontomachusHNS sp. alw-01.

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 14 times found in pine savanna, 10 times found in leaf litter, 9 times found in in oak scrub, 7 times found in Sand Pine Scrub, 6 times found in Flatwoods, 2 times found in secondary lowland rainforest, 4 times found in Bayhead, 4 times found in oak/pine scrub, nest, 3 times found in sand scrub area, 3 times found in palm nursery, collected on ground and on palms, ...

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 12 times leaf litter, 5 times ex sifted leaf litter, 2 times soil, epigeic, 2 times diurnal forager, 1 times under rotten log, 1 times under log, 1 times trail, 1 times tall forest, rocky soil, 1 times nest in hummock, 1 times litter at log w/Passalus, along flooded dirt road, 1 times ex rotten log, ...

Collected most commonly using these methods: 14 times Berlese, 13 times malaise trap, 6 times Winkler, 7 times direct collection, 6 times search, 3 times blacklight/boxtrap, 3 times pitfall baited with dung, 2 times pitfall, 0 times Berlese funnel, 1 times blacklight, 0 times Lake Annie malaise trap, ...

Elevations: collected from 5 - 619 meters, 132 meters average

Collect Date Range: collected between 1929-10-15 00:00:00.0 and 2021-12-22 00:00:00.0

Type specimens:

See something amiss? Send us an email.