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Species: Crematogaster (Orthocrema) biroi   Mayr, 1897 

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Current Valid Name:


Emery, 1900

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2022)

Crematogaster biroi Mayr, 1897 PDF: 428 (w.) SRI LANKA. Indomalaya. Primary type information: Type-material: lectotype worker (by designation of Hosoishi & Ogata, 2016a 10.1111/zoj.12330 PDF: 577). Type-locality: lectotype Sri Lanka (“Ceylon”): Colombo (L. Biró). Type-depository: HNHM (lectotype). Secondary type information: Paratype-material: 1 paralectotype worker. Type-locality: same as for lectotype. Type-depository: paralectotype perhaps in NHMW. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Lectotype designation: Hosoishi & Ogata, 2016a 10.1111/zoj.12330 PDF: 577.
Status as species: Forel, 1903a PDF: 682; Bingham, 1903 PDF: 138; Forel, 1906b PDF: 89; Forel, 1912a PDF: 70; Wheeler, 1912a PDF: 45; Emery, 1922c PDF: 131; Wheeler, 1927h PDF: 87; Wheeler, 1928c PDF: 17; Wheeler, 1929h PDF: 44; Wheeler, 1930b PDF: 99; Wheeler, 1930k PDF: 66; Wheeler, 1935g: 21; Menozzi, 1939a PDF: 300 (in key); Teranishi, 1940: 58; Chapman & Capco, 1951 PDF: 96; Wang, 1992: 679; Bolton, 1995b: 148; Wu & Wang, 1995a: 63; Tang et al., 1995: 65; Tiwari, 1999 PDF: 49; Mathew & Tiwari, 2000 PDF: 324; Zhou, 2001a PDF: 74; Lin & Wu, 2003: 62; Zhou, 2006 PDF: 582; Terayama, 2009 PDF: 177; Guénard & Dunn, 2012 PDF: 42; Bharti et al., 2016 PDF: 35; Hosoishi & Ogata, 2016a 10.1111/zoj.12330 PDF: 577 (redescription); Rasheed et al., 2019 10.13102/sociobiology.v66i3.4330 PDF: 432; Dias et al., 2020 10.3897/zookeys.967.54432 PDF: 68.
// Distribution


  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Asia: China, India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Taiwan
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):

Distribution Notes:

Sri Lanka

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 1 times found in broad-leaved forest.

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 1 times ex soil, 1 times on shrub.

Elevations: collected at 250 m

Collect Date Range: collected between 1895-12-31 00:00:00.0 and 2011-07-09 00:00:00.0

Type specimens: Lectotype of Crematogaster aitkenii: casent0907504; paralectotype of Crematogaster aitkenii: casent0907505; syntype of Crematogaster biroi: casent0916605; syntype of Crematogaster biroi smythiesii: casent0907506, casent0907507

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