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Species: Polyrhachis (Polyrhachis) bihamata   (Fabricius, 1775) 

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Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2020)

Formica bihamata Fabricius, 1775 PDF: 394 (w.) Type-locality in error, not Madagascar. Indomalaya. Primary type information: Insula St. Iohannis Indiae AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

[Note: Fabricius, 1775 PDF: 394, attributes this taxon to Drury, 1773 PDF: 73, pl. 38, figs. 7, 8 (w.) ("from the island of Johanna, near Madagascar"). Drury’s work contains both description and illustration, but the species is not named.].
[Note: type-locality was recorded as "Insula St. Iohannis Indiae" by Fabricius, 1782: 493, Fabricius, 1793: 361, Fabricius, 1804 PDF: 411; as "Insel St. Johannis und Madagaskar" by Christ, 1791 PDF: 509; as "île de Sainte-Jeanne, près de Madagascar" by Olivier, 1792: 499, Latreille, 1802a PDFc: 128. Type-locality in error, not Madagascar, after Bolton, 1973b PDF: 352.].
Combination in Polyrhachis: Smith, 1857a PDF: 59.
Senior synonym of Polyrhachis affinis (Le Guillou, 1842): Mayr, 1872 PDF: 139; Dalla Torre, 1893 PDF: 259.
// Distribution


  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Asia: Borneo, Cambodia, China, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Indomalaya, Palearctic

Distribution Notes:

Java, Laos, Sumatra, Philippines, India, China

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 1 times found in secondary limestone rain forest, 1 times found in Old secondary rain forest, 1 times found in rainforest.

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 1 times on low vegetation, 1 times ground forager, 1 times foraging on low vegetation.

Collected most commonly using these methods: 3 times hand collected, 2 times Hand collection.

Elevations: collected from 50 - 655 meters, 397 meters average

Collect Date Range: collected between 1891-01-01 and 2014-08-04

Type specimens: syntype of Polyrhachis bihamata perplexa: casent0912164; syntype of Polyrhachis bihamata tonsilis: casent0912165

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