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Species: Messor barbarus   (Linnaeus, 1767) 

Classification:
Download Data

See Also:

Messor barbarus gallaoides, Messor barbarus politus, Messor barbarus sahlbergi

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2020)

Extant: 3 valid subspecies

Formica barbara Linnaeus, 1767 PDF: 962 (w.) MOROCCO. Palearctic. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

[Note: Fabricius, 1775 PDF: 393, merely says, “Habitat in Africa”.].
Combination in Myrmica: Lucas, 1849 PDF: 300.
Combination in Atta: Smith, 1858a PDF: 162; Roger, 1859 PDF: 253.
Combination in Aphaenogaster: Roger, 1863b PDF: 29.
Combination in Stenamma (Messor): Emery, 1895b PDF: 178; Emery, 1898c PDF: 125.
Combination in Messor: Forel, 1894d PDF: 8; Ruzsky, 1903b PDF: 315; Bingham, 1903 PDF: 278; Emery, 1908f PDF: 442.
Status as species: Fabricius, 1775 PDF: 393; Fabricius, 1782: 491; Fabricius, 1787 PDF: 308; Gmelin, 1790 PDF: 2797; Christ, 1791 PDF: 514; Olivier, 1792: 495; Fabricius, 1793 PDF: 356; Latreille, 1802a PDF: 262; Fabricius, 1804 PDF: 403; Lucas, 1849 PDF: 300; Smith, 1858a PDF: 162; Roger, 1859 PDF: 253; Mayr, 1861 PDF: 66 (in key); Smith, 1861a PDF: 35; Roger, 1863b PDF: 29; Mayr, 1863a PDF: 395; Emery, 1869b PDF: 17; Dours, 1873 PDF: 167; André, 1874: 195 (in key); Radoszkowsky, 1876 PDF: 141; Mayr, 1877a: 13; Emery, 1877: 373; Emery, 1878a PDF: x (in list); Emery, 1878: 56; Emery & Forel, 1879 PDF: 461; Mayr, 1880 PDF: 33; Emery, 1880 PDF: 392; Emery, 1881a PDF: 270; Emery, 1881b PDF: 534; André, 1881c PDF: 74; Emery, 1882b PDF: 451; Costa, 1883: 60; André, 1883b: 354 (in key); André, 1884f: 541; Emery, 1884: 382; Forel, 1886e PDF: clxviii; Forel, 1889 PDF: 257; Nasonov, 1889: 37; Forel, 1890b PDF: lxviii; Saunders, 1890 PDF: 204; Emery, 1891c: 9; Forel, 1892e PDF: 352; Forel, 1892j PDF: 316; Emery, 1892: 112; Dalla Torre, 1893 PDF: 99; Medina, 1893 PDF: 105; Forel, 1894d PDF: 31; Forel, 1895e PDF: 227, 233; Ruzsky, 1896 PDF: 74; Emery, 1899a PDF: 500; Forel, 1902a PDF: 148; Ruzsky, 1902d PDF: 28; Mayr, 1904b PDF: 5; Forel, 1904c PDF: 373; Forel, 1904d PDF: 5; Forel, 1905e PDF: 176; Ruzsky, 1905b: 741; Mayr, 1907b PDF: 14; Forel, 1907h PDF: 15; Emery, 1908f PDF: 442; Forel, 1909c PDF: 104; Bondroit, 1910 PDF: 495; Karavaiev, 1911a PDF: 62; Karavaiev, 1911b PDF: 3; Karavaiev, 1912a PDF: 5; Emery, 1912f PDF: 97; Emery, 1916a PDF: 141; Stitz, 1917 PDF: 342; Bondroit, 1918 PDF: 152; Santschi, 1919e PDF: 244; Arnold, 1920a PDF: 405; Emery, 1921c PDF: 69; Menozzi, 1922c PDF: 326; Müller, 1923b PDF: 63; Emery, 1924c PDF: 164; Santschi, 1925g PDF: 341; Wheeler, 1926a PDF: 3; Donisthorpe, 1926a PDF: 6; Karavaiev, 1926b PDF: 99; Karavaiev, 1927a PDF: 287; Menozzi, 1927b PDF: 90; Menozzi, 1928a PDF: 127; Santschi, 1929e PDF: 141; Finzi, 1929 PDF: 78; Finzi, 1930b PDF: 15; Santschi, 1931a: 4; Santschi, 1932e PDF: 69; Santschi, 1932h PDF: 3; Grandi, 1935 PDF: 100; Santschi, 1936c PDF: 200; Finzi, 1939c PDF: 154; Santschi, 1939c PDF: 2; Menozzi, 1940a PDF: 267; Finzi, 1940 PDF: 158; Weber, 1943d PDF: 303; Bernard, 1945b PDF: 132; Donisthorpe, 1950e PDF: 1059; Chapman & Capco, 1951 PDF: 136; Ceballos, 1956: 300; Bernard, 1959a PDF: 346; Cagniant, 1964 PDF: 87; Bernard, 1967a PDF: 146 (redescription); Cagniant, 1968a PDF: 143; Collingwood & Yarrow, 1969 PDF: 62; Cagniant, 1970a PDF: 416; Baroni Urbani, 1971c PDF: 57; Baroni Urbani, 1976b PDF: 210; Collingwood, 1978 PDF: 81 (in key); Bernard, 1980b PDF: 266; Agosti & Collingwood, 1987b PDF: 271 (in key); De Haro & Collingwood, 1994 PDF: 99; Bolton, 1995b: 252; Mei, 1995 PDF: 761; Poldi et al., 1995: 3; Espadaler, 1997g PDF: 30; Cagniant & Espadaler, 1998 PDF: 424; Tiwari, 1999 PDF: 38; Markó & Csosz, 2002 PDF: 116; Cagniant, 2006 PDF: 197; Petrov, 2006 PDF: 93 (in key); Casevitz-Weulersse & Galkowski, 2009 PDF: 488; Lapeva-Gjonova et al., 2010 PDF: 14; Borowiec, 2014 PDF: 102 (see note in bibliography); Lebas et al., 2016: 290; Barech et al., 2020 10.35929/RSZ.0002 PDF: 18.
Senior synonym of Messor binodis: Smith, 1858a PDF: 162; Mayr, 1861 PDF: 66 (in key); Smith, 1861a PDF: 35; Mayr, 1863a PDF: 395; Roger, 1863b PDF: 29; André, 1874c: 203 (in list); Emery, 1891c: 12; Dalla Torre, 1893 PDF: 99; Ruzsky, 1905b: 741; Emery, 1921c PDF: 69; Bolton, 1995b: 252.
Senior synonym of Messor barbarus nigriceps Santschi, 1925: Collingwood, 1978 PDF: 68; Bolton, 1995b: 252.
Senior synonym of Messor rufitarsis (Foerster, 1850): Mayr, 1861 PDF: 66 (in key); Roger, 1863b PDF: 29; Mayr, 1863a PDF: 395; Emery & Forel, 1879 PDF: 461; Emery, 1891c: 12; Dalla Torre, 1893 PDF: 99; Emery, 1921c PDF: 69; Bolton, 1995b: 252.
// Distribution

Distribution:

  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Africa: Algeria, Egypt, Morocco, Tunisia
    Europe: France, Italy, Portugal, Spain
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Palearctic

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 6 times found in Ruderal, 6 times found in Huerto Naranjos, 4 times found in Parque, 4 times found in Urbano, 4 times found in Plantación palmeras, 2 times found in Urbanización (césped), 1 times found in Pinus nigra forest, 2 times found in dry steppe, 2 times found in Encinar (Dehesa), 2 times found in Rural, ...

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 13 times Foraging, 3 times Correteando, 2 times Forrajeando, 3 times Open nest in ground, 2 times nbp, 2 times foraging on ground, 2 times Acera al lado cesped, 2 times Nido bajo piedra, 1 times nido abierto en camino, 1 times Nido abierto, 1 times nido, ...

Collected most commonly using these methods: 54 times Hand, 11 times search, 2 times Net.

Elevations: collected from 5 - 1060 meters, 417 meters average

Collect Date Range: collected between 1908-11-01 and 2017-05-24

Type specimens: syntype of Aphaenogaster barbara sordida: casent0907738; syntype of Messor barbarus ambiguus: casent0913160, casent0913161; syntype of Messor barbarus nigriceps: casent0913162



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