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Species: Tetraponera ambigua   (Emery, 1895) 

Classification:
Download Data

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2021)

Sima ambigua Emery, 1895i PDF: 23 (w.q.) SOUTH AFRICA. Afrotropic. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Forel, 1910e PDF: 5 (m.).
Combination in Sima (Tetraponera): Arnold, 1916 PDF: 185.
Combination in Tetraponera: Wheeler, 1922: 796.
[Sima ambigua Forel, 1894b PDF: 89. Nomen nudum, attributed to Emery.].
Senior synonym of Tetraponera bifoveolata: Ward, 2006 PDF: 123.
Senior synonym of Tetraponera encephala: Ward, 2006 PDF: 123.
Senior synonym of Tetraponera erythraea: Ward, 2006 PDF: 123.
// Distribution

Distribution:

  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Africa: Algeria, Angola, Botswana, Cameroon, Democratic Republic of Congo, Djibouti, Gabon, Gambia, Kenya, Mozambique, Namibia, Senegal, Somalia, South Africa, Sudan, Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe
    Asia: Saudi Arabia, Syria, Yemen
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Afrotropical, Palearctic

Distribution Notes:

Reference for Kenya if not type: Mpala Res. Centre

Notes:

Caste of types: (w)

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 7 times found in littoral vegetation, 3 times found in dry forest, 3 times found in savannah woodland, 3 times found in miombo woodland, 2 times found in Open Miombo woodland, 3 times found in Savannah, 2 times found in shrubland, 2 times found in spiny forest/thicket, 4 times found in savanna, open times found in woodland, ...

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 7 times on low vegetation, 5 times ex dead twig above ground, 5 times ex dead twig, 4 times on low vegn., 1 times in cashew tree, 1 times ex dead twig Sclerocarya, 2 times ex dead twig Rhizophora, 1 times ex dead branch, 2 times ex nest, 1 times ex dead thorn of Acacia nilotica, 2 times ex dead thorn Acacia karoo, ...

Collected most commonly using these methods: 9 times Hand collected, 3 times Pitfall trap, 3 times By Hand, 2 times Winkler, 2 times Hand, 2 times Malaise trap, 2 times beating vegetation (2 hours), 2 times Sweeping, 1 times beating low vegetation, 1 times Dead wood, 1 times Nest, ...

Elevations: collected from 1 - 1892 meters, 348 meters average

Collect Date Range: collected between 1912-01-01 and 2018-08-01

Type specimens: quadrinomials, not part of type series: casent0915526; syntype of Sima bifoveolata: casent0915849; syntype of Sima bifoveolata maculifrons: casent0915525; syntype of Sima encephala: casent0915528; syntype of Sima ambigua erythraea: casent0904034; syntype of Sima ambigua rhodesiana: casent0907469; syntype of Sima bifoveolata: casent0902814; syntype of Tetraponera ambigua: casent0904033; syntype of Tetraponera ophthalmica: casent0915536; type of Sima ambigua r. erythrea var. occidentalis: focol1169, focol1170



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